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Argumentative Essay on Gay Rights. Type Questions. 17 October 2013. Love Transcends Gender. Most people believe that they deserve the design argument, rights that they are granted by the government. Essay Answer. An upstanding citizen who pays their taxes, serves their community and the canadian s world, abides by the law should be afforded the rights of an American. However, not all citizens are afforded equal rights. Essay Questions Answer. Gay and lesbians are consistently denied rights that are typically taken for granted by heart tale thesis the average American. Specifically, gay and lesbian couples are denied the right to marry even if they are upstanding citizens and are held at an unfair disadvantage solely because of their sexual orientation.
This discrimination must stop because gay and lesbian couples are law-abiding citizens as well, who should be afforded the same rights as heterosexual couples. If same-sex couples are paying taxes to build roads and help public schools like the heterosexual couples, they should be afforded the same rights. One common problem that plagues gay and essay type questions, lesbian couples that are denied the right to essay porch fields marry is their inability to claim their partner’s social security after he or she has died. Currently, there are no programs that give homosexuals survivor benefits like the ones that are provided for heterosexuals who are married or divorced. Gay and lesbian partners are not able to claim benefits of questions answer, their deceased, regardless of the fact that all working citizens, heterosexual or homosexual, pay into the Social Security system for survivor benefits. Sadly, this leaves many gay and lesbian couples with an unstable retirement.
The most disturbing fact is that homosexuals cannot claim survivor benefits, even though homosexuals and heterosexuals both pay the government for survivor benefits. Even people who are divorced can claim survivor benefits, whereas a lifelong gay/lesbian partner cannot. This is blatant. . Argumentative essay It has been said “Playing computer games can improve your mind and help you study”. There is for business, no doubt that the essay type questions answer, computer games have been recognizing for history contrast essays their fun and entertainment value. The main issue is involved that playing computer games can develop your intelligence and assists you with your learning.
There are a massive number of computer games or video games some of which are sports games, children games, adventure games, action games and educational games like the puzzles and memory games. Computer games can develop your memory skills. Computer games offer a wide range of brain games depending on your age and gender. These games got a multi task functions like remembering, solving puzzles. A research done in essay 2007 showed that computer game might improve kid’s memory and attention span.
That research showed the children who plays computer game regularly around 15 minutes per april, day they have got better attention, memory and impulse control skills than the essay, children who did not play at fields all. This will make it easier for them to sit focus in the classroom and these games are a good brain train activity. Computer games could improve your contrast sensitivity. Researchers studied two groups that played video games for essay type answer 50 hours during a nine-week course. One group played action games. Another group played non-action games People who played the action games showed enhanced contrast sensitivity compared with those in the non-action game. Words: 324 - Pages: 2. Gay Marriage Rights and Benefits Argumentative Essay. . Student Name: Professor/Instructor’s Name: Course: Date: Gay Marriage Rights and Benefits Same sex marriage has become more widely accepted worldwide than before.
In the past, same sex marriage was been considered immoral, weird and porch, religiously incorrect. Various countries around the world used to ban this type of marriage. Type Answer. However, as same sex couple population increased, people started slowly adjusting themselves to argument changes in essay answer society. The Canadian Essays 2nd Ed. Another factor for increased same-sex marriages is the essay type questions, rise in statement tale thesis divorce. This has discouraged the modern youth from committing themselves to marriage unions. Type Questions. Nowadays gay and lesbian couples are disclosing their marital status and demanding for their rights. This essay would be arguing about the benefits and the rights of same-sex marriages in writer s world essays 2nd ed society. Same-sex orientations are more reserved when it comes to expressing their choices. Support for same-sex marriages has increased over essay questions answer, time as a result of a shift in s world 2nd ed social values. One of the arguments in support of same-sex marriages is that when legalized, gay marriages will result to more secure and stable relationships (Nagle 14). Without being legalized, these same-sex relationships will not last.
It will also lead to increased acceptance by the society (Eskridge Spedale 29). Advocates of the same-sex marriages also argue that legalizing it will fight the societal belief that gay relationships are all about sexual activity; there can be a serious commitment by a gay couple. Type. It. Words: 1026 - Pages: 5. Argumentative Essay on ap world essays, Gay Rights. . Type Questions Answer. Lauren Corey 17 October 2013 English 101 Professor Tantalo Essay 3 Love Transcends Gender Most people believe that they deserve the rights that they are granted by the government. Ap World Contrast. An upstanding citizen who pays their taxes, serves their community and type questions, abides by the law should be afforded the rights of an American. However, not all citizens are afforded equal rights. Gay and lesbians are consistently denied rights that are typically taken for granted by the average American. Specifically, gay and lesbian couples are denied the oxford holywell, right to marry even if they are upstanding citizens and are held at an unfair disadvantage solely because of their sexual orientation.
This discrimination must stop because gay and lesbian couples are law-abiding citizens as well, who should be afforded the same rights as heterosexual couples. If same-sex couples are paying taxes to build roads and help public schools like the heterosexual couples, they should be afforded the same rights. Essay. One common problem that plagues gay and lesbian couples that are denied the right to marry is their inability to claim their partner’s social security after he or she has died. Currently, there are no programs that give homosexuals survivor benefits like the ones that are provided for heterosexuals who are married or divorced. Tale Tell. Gay and essay questions answer, lesbian partners are not able to oxford thesis claim benefits of their deceased, regardless of the fact that all working citizens, heterosexual or homosexual, pay into answer the Social Security system. Words: 1726 - Pages: 7. . Same-Sex Marriage Bernard Randall-Jones American Intercontinental University Online Abstract Same-sex marriage, also commonly referred to as Gay marriage, is a very hotly contested issue that divides a great number of people throughout the world. In this argumentative essay, the topic is explored by design argument for the of god three of its main arguments. The first exploration of this topic will involve the ability of same-sex couples to parent as effectively as their heterosexual counterparts. Next, the legal issues surrounding same-sex marriage are explored. Lastly, the religious arguments are evaluated.
Both sides of the argument for and against same-sex marriage are discussed while the reader is given a respect for the position of supporting marriage equality. Same-Sex Marriage Traditionally, marriage has been defined as both a religious and civil institution that has been afforded to one man and one woman in the promise of type answer, love. Modern, more liberal ideologies have challenged this view. Design Of God Essay. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered (LGBT) people have been at the forefront of championing the cause for the right to expand the definition of marriage to allow everyone to enjoy the same rights and privileges, without discrimination, as their heterosexual counterparts. Amongst the privileges that they seek are to essay questions love, honor and cherish their spouses in equal recognition to argument of god their heterosexual counterparts. Type. This paper argues that LGBT people should be allowed to marry because homosexual. Heart Statement Thesis. Words: 1825 - Pages: 8. . Essay Type Questions. The Character of Catherine Slooper in Washington Square Catherine Slooper, the protagonist of the for business ethics, novel Washington Square by Henry James, has been a highly controversial character. While many scholars argue that she is an type questions ordinary woman others consider that she is an extraordinary heroine. In this essay I would like to demonstrate that she is both, an ordinary woman and an extraordinary heroine.
To some extent it is true that Catherine is an ordinary woman. As Henry James points in the novel “she was not ugly; she had simply a plain, dull, gentle countenance”. Holywell. She is questions answer, not sociable either, in fact, she is very shy; she is not very ladylike, for example when her father comes home she just runs wildly towards him; her father is ashamed of her because she is essay, not really skilful and, as consequence she is not self-confident. However, it is necessary to remember that Catherine has a huge variety of elements of strength which make her an extraordinary heroine. To start with, she shows us through two moments that she cares about love rather than about money. The first one is when she wants to answer marry Morris even though her father wants to disinherit her; and the second one is design existence essay, when at type answer the end of the book, she does not promise her father that she is oxford thesis binding holywell, not going to marry Morris although she knows she is not going to do it, and even knowing that she is going to lose her fortune.
This second act could be considered heroic in answer another way too: she does not say to her father what he. Words: 453 - Pages: 2. . S World Essays 2nd Ed. you absolutely couldn’t live without? Probably not but nonetheless even texting can be useful, but do we have to essay type questions check it and text even before we brush our teeth in the canadian 2nd ed the mornings. Essay Type Questions. Computers are a creative tool that can be an amazing asset to essays 2nd ed our everyday lives. They can connect you with people all across the questions answer, world in a matter of seconds. But they have made us lazy, whenever someone in the past needed information they would pick up an encyclopedia or go to a library read all about it. Most of today’s youth don’t even know what an ap world history encyclopedia is. How sad is essay, that.
People have family all around the world and with social media sites there is now a way to statement thesis see what is essay questions answer, going on in your family’s everyday lives. In the design argument existence essay, past people wrote letters and type questions answer, made phone calls. We can see pictures and status updates about what they are going through. This is great and what they are meant for they are not meant for you to check every 20 minutes. Thesis Binding. The average cell phone user puts their phone in contact with several places where it can pick up germs. People also put themselves in potentially hazardous situations with their phones in hand. Small text and bright screens can strain cell phone users' eyes. Long hours of cell phone usage can lead to high levels of stress.
Cell phones can also eventually lead to cancer. This essay isn’t meant to essay questions answer tell you are going to contract cancer or to scare you, just pointing out the heart tale thesis, facts. The list of hazards just goes on and on. Now this doesn’t mean you should. Words: 1532 - Pages: 7. Type Answer. . Ruth Flores10/15/2014 INRW 0410 Monday Wednesday Argumentative Essay Marriage: a legally recognized relationship, established by civil or religious ceremony, between two people who intend to live together as sexual and domestic partners. Typically this is between a man and tell thesis, a woman, in love, as they come before their families, to pledge to spend the rest of their lives together. Essay Answer. As times continue to evolve around the world so has the tell thesis, idea and laws concerning marriage.
Marriage is no longer just about a man and a woman committing themselves to each other for life, it now encompasses, gay and lesbians as well, as they pledge to love, honor, and trust each other all the days of their lives. This argumentative essay will explore logically both sides of the debate on whether gays and lesbians should be extended the same rights of marriage as heterosexuals have. The long-standing definition of marriage has been described as a union between one man and one woman who intend to procreate and become a family in the eyes of God and the community. Since same-sex couples cannot have children, they are forced to essay questions adopt and this places children into an 'unnatural' relationship. For children to develop properly, the child needs both parents in a loving environment. The institution of marriage has already been weakened by nearly half resulting in divorce, and allowing gays to marry may worsen the statistics. Others believe legalizing homosexual marriage will encourage other non. Words: 467 - Pages: 2. . Final Draft of Argumentative Essay Poverty is one of the most significant and serious issues in the world.
Today, millions of people are dealing with the for business ethics, cruel life conditions and trying to reach proper health care, nutrition, and shelter to survive. While the awareness of poverty is increasing, the essay type questions, majority of societies still display less attention to for business ethics the causes and outcomes of poverty. It has been argued that people are poor because of their own personal shortcomings. However, rather than blaming the poor people, we should focus on the real causes of essay answer, poverty, such as, effects of the economic system, economic disadvantages caused by geographical factors, and the limitations of possible solutions. It has been claimed that because of cultural, religious, physical, or intellectual deficiencies, people are poor. In other words, many people believe that poverty is the fault of those poor people. However, the tendency of design essay, “blaming the victim” is actually the main cause of poverty (Boleria and essay, Wotherspoon, 2000).
Capitalism dominates almost all of the ap world history contrast, countries and creates enormous inequalities between social classes. Essay Type Questions Answer. Since capitalism is a profit-based system, wages of working class are restrained to maintain surplus value and reinforce the segmentation between well paid jobs and ethics, marginalized jobs. Poverty is one of the type questions, reflections of this profit-based system and it is particularly derived from the high unemployment rates, the huge gap between rich and poor, and unequal. Words: 836 - Pages: 4. . The essays on the Declaration of Independence and contrast, the Letter from Birmingham jail, are very good persuasive essays, and that if I was alive during those times that I would have agreed with all of the authors. I also believe that these essay still stand today. First let’s start with the Declaration of Independence. In this essay Jefferson uses deductive argument’s that includes the examples on how Great Britain’s doings were wrong. It also gave me a chance to see how exactly why the United Sates broke away from Great Britain. One of the arguments is “That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men” (Jefferson, pg. 365).
That means any legitimate government is created to protect the peoples’ rights such as, “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” (Jefferson, pg. 365). Throughout the type questions answer, essay Jefferson shows how Great Britain is not protecting our rights, but how they are interfering with them. For example, he states how the king keeps sending over ap world compare contrast essays, soldiers and expect the people to essay type questions house and to feed them. The soldiers were also allowed to break the laws in the colonies and they were not to be punished. Another strong that he made was “deriving their just power from the consent of the governed” (Jefferson, pg. For The. 365). That means any power or authority that a government has is given to them by the consent of the people, but this right like many was abused to. Jefferson also wrote that they have “petitioned for redress” repeatedly, meaning. Words: 1272 - Pages: 6. . Type. Eighteen Years Old yet Not Old Enough The term legal drinking age refers to design for the of god the earliest age at which a person can legally consume alcoholic beverages within particular jurisdictions. This age differs from country to country and in certain cases from state to state within a country.
The Minimum Legal Drinking Age or the MLDA, in the United States as of today is twenty-one years. Essay Type Questions. Lowering the MLDA is a touchy subject to many because people do not quite see the writer, benefits that would come of it. Essay Type Questions. Living in the United States, when a person turns eighteen years old, they are considered to be an heart statement tell adult and gain many rights and responsibilities. The MLDA should be lowered to essay type questions answer the age of eighteen to coincide with those rights and responsibilities and be able to help benefit our country. A person is legally considered an thesis adult once they have turned eighteen years of age. Parents of these teenagers are no longer held responsible for their teen’s actions. At that point in every young adult’s life comes along with many responsibilities and also many rights that a person deserves to have. Having the right to vote for who represents our country and local affairs, the type questions, ability to buy cigarettes and get married without having a parent’s consent, being able to serve our country by joining the argument for the existence essay, Army forces and risking their life in essay answer battle, gaining the responsibility of serving jury duty, and also being prosecuted as an adult for an offense. All of these things a person inherits once they have.
Words: 1244 - Pages: 5. . Name Course Tutor Date Should Students Work While Attending High School? In most school curriculums, high schoolers are of ages 12 to 18; hence do not have financial responsibilities or bills to pay. As such, they are under the care of their parents or guardians. As a result, having them to work will jeopardize their concentration in school, an the canadian essays 2nd ed aspect likely to affect their academic performance.
This being a developing age, having the students to multitask between going to type questions school and work will put more pressure to their already overloaded schedule at school thereby leading to history compare contrast essays exhaustion. Consequently, in the workplace, the students will end up doing some shoddy work in a hurry to go home and do their classwork assignments or they could be poor in type questions answer concentrating in class since they could be exhausted from the previous days’ work. There is need to avoid the for business ethics, practice since it does not allow students to relax and concentrate on essay questions answer, their studies for better academic results. This as well denies students a chance to oxford thesis binding holywell participate in co-curricular activities within the school and develop their physical skills and talents. They end up being busy around the clock without time to rest, something that can easily lead to some lifestyle diseases. For instance, if a student seats in type questions answer the classroom for a whole day and writer, proceeds to work in an environment he or she is required to essay type sit like a teller in a coffee cafe, the risk of dying from heart disease increases and has poor health in general. Words: 848 - Pages: 4. Ap World History Contrast. . Madison Priest Argumentative Essays The Uncharted Territory of essay answer, Designer Babies Suppose you just found out the writer s world essays, good news that you’re pregnant. In less than nine months you’re going to be a mom or dad. Now suppose you have the opportunity to select what you’re newborn will look like. Do you want a boy or a girl?
Would you prefer blonde or brunette hair? With technology rapidly advancing pretty soon you won’t have to hope. Instead you can sit down with your doctor and design your future child. Technology has had a remarkable effect on how we live our lives. Our generation has been labeled as lazy, technology obsessed, and many other stereotypes referring to our dependence on technology. Technology also has the ability to change the appearance and genetics of the next generation. An arising method of genetic engineering has the ability to genetically modify the DNA of essay questions, a fetus to resemble specific traits. For Business. Initially, it may sound like a genius discovery.
However, this procedure could change everything we know about our world. It goes against essay questions answer, nature and can lead to severe problems. Thesis Holywell. Genetic Engineering has the potential to benefit many people. New discoveries have been made to prevent autism and other disabilities that are detected before birth. Genetic modification is also what allows parents to determine many physical aspects of their future baby. Eye color, hair color, gender, height, skin tone, are just some characteristics that can be altered or enhanced through this. Words: 824 - Pages: 4. . Type Answer. Han Le Dr.
Holly Elliott ENC 1101-15228 2 December 2015 Argumentation Essay In today’s society crime is increasing every day and the types of crime are changing. It seems more and more that crimes of identity theft and organized crime are on design argument existence of god, the rise. I am writing this to essay type questions answer let you know more about crime and thesis, theft rates. One of the type questions answer, most difficult problems of our society is robbery. Robbery can occur almost anywhere at thesis holywell anytime, especially on the streets.
Many states define robbery as theft accomplished by violence or the threat of essay type questions, violence. Guns are the most deadly weapons that can be used by the thief, which can cause the victim to suffer and injuries. Some thieves even kill the person after robbing their belongings. (According to the 2006 FBI Uniform Crime Reports, 447,403 robberies were reported to the police at the rate of one per minute in the United States. Robberies varied according to region with the thesis for business, Southern States having the type questions answer, highest percentage of 38.3%, the Western States 23.6%, the Northeastern States 18.5%, and the Midwestern States at 19.5%.) Society sees criminal justice as an officer making an arrest or patrolling the streets. Argument For The Existence Essay. Society does not realize that the criminal justice system has a government type structure, has goals, and is made up of three components. These components include the Police, Courts, and the Correction system. Questions. Each one of these components has its own function and design of god essay, purpose.
The police enforce the law, arrest offenders. Words: 1763 - Pages: 8. . Argumentative Essay Should we always tell the truth? Do you always tell the truth or lies? You are not likely to questions answer reply immediately because this question is the canadian writer essays, very extreme. While we live, we cannot always tell the truth, and we also cannot always tell lies. May be, it will depend on the situation that you encountered. There are innumerable reasons why most people tell lies to others.
Usually, we tell lies to hide own fault or show off ourselves. There are a little bit different lies, of course, these are white lies. White lies are also lies, but these can be understood by people because it does not have ill will. Except white lies, we should try to tell the truth. It is difficult, but it is type answer, important for us to be truthful with other people because by being honest, we can keep the relationship between people with faith, we show what is morally right, and essay april fields, we do not become a liar. Firstly, we can keep the relationship between people with faith by telling the truth. It means that there is questions, trust between people to keep the relationship each other. Because of telling lies, however, they can loss mutual trust, so they cannot believe each other anymore. April Fields. For example, when I was 14 years old, I made a friend who was very funny and essay type answer, active in the canadian writer s world essays 2nd ed middle school. We were best friend each other at that time. My thought and her thought were same, but the more I knew her deeply, the essay questions answer, more I was disappointed.
She usually told lies to me every day, so I was losing some trust about her.
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Tagged with Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Francis Marion Burkhalter (1886-1918), of Ray City, GA. Francis Marion Burkhalter, the eldest son of Isaac Burkhalter, Jr. and Marentha Sirmans, was born December 3, 1886 in Rays Mill (now Ray City, GA). His father, Isaac Burkhalter, Jr (1863 – 1918) was a farmer of Ray’s Mill, with a 50 acre farm on Lot No. 422, 10th District. Type Questions Answer. His grandfather, Captain Isaac Burkhalter, was killed at the Battle of Gettysburg while in command of Company G “Clinch Volunteers”, 50th Georgia Regiment. His mother, Marentha Sirmans, was a daughter of Benjamin J. Sirmans and Nancy A. Shaw. Francis excelled at studies. He attended the Atlanta College of Medicine, and by the age of 22 had completed a degree in Medicine. He returned to Ray City and thesis for business ethics set up practice in 1909, joining the other medical professionals of type answer Berrien County. On Sunday, April 23, 1911, F. M. Burkhalter and Mattie H. Griffin were married by Judge W. D. Buie.
Mattie and her cousin Mary Griffin operated a millinery store in Nashville, GA. Porch April Fields. She was a daughter of Kiziah Lenora Knight and Elbert J. Griffin, granddaughter of John and Sarah Knight, and grandniece of questions General Levi J. Knight. Francis Marion Burkhalter and Mattie Griffin were married April 23, 1911 in Berrien County, GA. That September, 1911, Dr. Ap World History Contrast Essays. Burkhalter moved his practice to Howell, GA, about essay questions answer 24 miles southeast of Ray City ( 13 miles due east of Valdosta) in Echols County. A drugstore at Howell was operated by Benjamin Franklin Rentz, brother of porch Dr. Lyman U. Rentz who later practiced medicine at Ray City, GA. In the spring of 1913, a son was born to Francis Marion and Mattie Griffin Burkhalter, April 11, 1913. But tragically the essay type, infant died that same day. Francis and Mattie took their baby home to Ray City to be buried at Beaver Dam Cemetery.
Grave of the infant son of the canadian Mattie Griffin and Francis Marion Burkhalter, Beaver Dam Cemetery, Ray City, GA. Image source: Michael Dover. After two years in Howell, Burkhalter returned to Ray City to resume his practice there. Type Questions. The Medical Association of Georgia places Dr. F. M. Burkhalter at Ray City in 1917, along with Dr. Lawson S. Rentz.
The Nashville doctors at that time were Dr. Binding Holywell. William Carl Rentz and Dr. Guy Selman, formerly of Ray City. Type Answer. Reuben Nathaniel Burch was a doctor at Milltown. On June 5, 1917, Francis Marion Burkhalter and writer essays 2nd ed his brothers, William Thomas Burkhalter and John Allen Burkhalter, all completed their registration for the draft for the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe, their registration cards being completed by Lyman Franklin Giddens and essay type questions answer Charles Oscar Terry. William Thomas Burkhalter had returned to Berrien County to register for april fields the draft.
At the time he was working in Jacksonville, FL as a salesman for the John G. Christopher Company. John Allen Burkhalter went on to become a veterinarian and lived in Ray City for many years. F. M.Burkhalter’s physical description was given as age 30, medium height and build, with blue eyes and brown hair. WWI draft registration of type Dr. Francis Marion Burkhalter, Ray City, GA. With America’s entry into World War I, Dr. Burkhalter was called into service, along with many other men of Berrien County. Dr.
Lawson Rentz went to Camp Wheeler, then to the Embarkation Service in New Jersey. Dr. Guy Selman was sent to Camp Jackson, SC. Dr. Gordon DeVane was busy treating the victims of Spanish Influenza at home in Berrien County; he was commissioned a first lieutenant in design of god essay the Medical Reserve Corp, but died before he was deployed. In the summer of 1918 William T. Type. Burkhalter, brother of Francis M. Burkhalter, entered the Veterinary Corps and served with Veterinary Hospital #16. Dr. F.M.
Burkhalter entered active service on March 25, 1918. He was sent to Fort Oglethorpe, then by ap world history compare essays July 19, 1918 he shipped overseas to France with the American Expeditionary Force as a 1st Lieutenant in the Medical Corps. Dr. Burkhalter was with the medical detachment of the 50th Engineers, serving in the Defensive Sector and in the Meuse-Argonne campaign. The Meuse-Argonne Offensive, also known as the essay questions, Battle of the Argonne Forest, was launched late on the night of compare contrast essays September 25, 1918. Essay Type Questions Answer. American reinforcements in transit to Europe included hundreds of Georgia soldiers, dozens from Berrien County, who went down with the ill-fated troopship HMS Otranto off the coast of design for the of god Islay, Scotland on October 6, 1918. Among the Otranto dead were Ray City residents Ralph Knight, and Shellie Lloyd Webb. Arriving U.S. reinforcements were strengthening the Allied advance, but by this time the influenza epidemic was also beginning to spreading across the answer, battlefields. Sammie Mixon of Allenville, GA, who was fighting in the Meuse-Argonne with Company “H”, 18th Regiment, First Division, was wounded in action and died from pneumonia a few days later.
Bill Sapp died of bronchial pneumonia on ap world compare contrast essays October 6, 1918. Levi D. Clements of Ray City, serving with the 64th Artillery CAC contracted influenza and broncho-pneumonia and died October 11, 1918. In the early morning hours of October 8, 1918 Isaac R. Boyett, of Adel, GA was fighting with Company C, 328th Infantry in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive near the the French town of La Forge when he was severely wounded by machine gun fire. Later that same day, Boyett’s regimental mate, Alvin C. York, earned the Medal of Honor for his actions in capturing 132 German soldiers at the village of Chatel-Chehery. Boyett died of his wounds two days later.
Carlie Lawson also fought in the Battle of the Argonne Forest with Company G, 11th Infantry; he returned from the war and lived to be 100 years old. Rossie O. Knight, of Ray City, served with Company C, 1st Division Ammunition Train in answer the Meuse-Argonne Offensive; he was gassed during the war and never fully recovered. Shortly after the Meuse-Argonne Offensive was launched Dr. Burkhalter became a patient himself, contracting lobar pneumonia probably as a secondary infection resulting from influenza. He was apparently admitted to Base Hospital No. 15, located at thesis for business ethics, Chaumont, France, about 160 miles east of Paris. Dr. Type Answer. Francis Marion Burkhalter died of lobar pneumonia at argument for the existence of god essay, Base Hospital No. 15, Chaumont, France, WWI. F. M. Burkhalter died at Base Hospital No.
15, Chaumont, France, on October 8, 1918. Of the 4,743,826 U.S. troops serving in WWI, 34,446 died from influenza-pneumonia and another 28,794 died of other diseases or accidents, totaling more than the 53,513 who died as a result of battle. It was November 4, 1918 before Mattie Burkhalter would be informed of type answer her husband’s death. The Nashville Herald, Dr. F.M. Burkhalter Died in France Oct. 8. A telegram from the War Department, received by Mrs. F.M. Burkhalter, of Nashville Monday, announced the sad news of the death of her husband, Lieut.
Frances Marion Burkhalter. Dr. Burkhalter left for porch fields France last July, arriving at his destination “somewhere in France” on July 20th. The telegram stated that he died of lobar pneumonia on the eighth of October. The news came as a great shock to Mrs. Burkhalter, who before her marriage, was Miss Mattie Griffin, a daughter of the late Rev. Elbert Griffin, and was the climax to a long series of answer trying experiences. For several weeks she has been in Ray City ill with influenza and ap world compare during this time her deceased husband’s father, Dr. Essay Questions. Isaac Burkhalter, has died, while Mrs.
Burkhalter, Sr., is even now so ill with pneumonia that she is not expected to live. The telegram containing the news of her husband’s death reached her Monday upon her arrival in essay Nashville from Ray City. She was one her way to Albany to make her home with her mother, Mrs. Essay Type. Griffin. Dr. and Mrs. Burkhalter were married about eight years ago and until the fall of 1917 they lived in Ray City, where Dr. Burkhalter practiced medicine.
Moving to Nashville, he practiced here until the call of his country came and he left to join the colors last spring. He was 32 years of age. Besides his wife are surviving him his mother, two sisters and one brother at home and one brother, Lieut. W.T. Fields. Burkhalter, who has just arrived in Siberia where he serves.
Transcription courtesy of Skeeter Parker. The WWI service record of questions Francis Marion Burkhalter documents his entry into the Medical Corps, deployment to France, death and burial. Francis Marion Burkhalter, WWI Service Card. He was buried in thesis the American Cemetery at Chaumont, France, about 160 miles east of Paris. Type Questions Answer. His was one of thesis holywell about 573 American graves at Chaumont.
“…the shady road to Neufchateau, curv[es] down the long hillside into the valley of the type questions, Marne. At the foot of the hill is the mossy wall surrounding St. Aignan’s Cemetery, with the facade and tower of the ancient church, as old as St. Jean’s itself, half hidden behind the tombstones and the trees growing among them. Beside the wall a by-road leads down toward the Marne where, on essay april fields a sheltered little plateau above the essay type questions answer, stream, lies a spot more sacred to the soldiers from the New World than any other in Chaumont—the American Military Cemetery. Slumbering in for business the deep peace of the valley, here lie buried 545 officers and soldiers of the United States Army and among them a few faithful nurses and questions welfare workers. Some of argument of god essay them died in the camps in and around Chaumont but most of them of wounds or disease at Base Hospital 15. The location and surroundings of the cemetery are most appealing. Close beside the type, parish cemetery it lies, the shadow of St. Aignan’s stretching across it in the afternoon and the soft tones of her bell floating over it at matins and vespers.
Here, with the peculiar tenderness of the French for the places of the dead, come often the people of Chaumont, impartially bestowing their attentions upon these graves of allies and upon for business St. Aignan’s sepulchres; planting and type questions answer tending the flowers around the mounds or hanging upon the white crosses at their heads some of those pathetic funeral wreaths of beadwrought flowers and leaves which are the universal tokens of mourning in heart statement tale the cemeteries of France. How much better that they should lie there forever, marshaled with the comrades of their faith and watched over by the kindred people to whose aid they came in answer the hour of bitter need, than that their dust should be exhumed and essay sent across the ocean to questions, be scattered in the private cemeteries of argument of god city and village and countryside, inevitably to be at last neglected and forgotten! For here they may rest, as the questions, dead in America’s other war cemeteries in France may rest, still active factors for the good of the world as everlasting symbols of the union of free peoples in a high cause. Certainly to Chaumont, knowing scarcely a single American before the great war, the cemetery beside St. Aignan’s is essay fields a bond of sympathy with the people and the institutions of the United States more strong and abiding than the most imposing monument. So, as the essay questions, lights twinkle out among the trees of the hilltop city and evening with its deep peace comes down over the valley where the fragrance of wild flowers and mown fields drifts above the serried graves and the waters of the immortal Marne whisper at april, their feet, let us leave both Chaumont and them, assured that here among the hills of the High Marne, fallen comrades and living friends have together reared a shrine to which the feet of Americans will come generations after the last soldier of the World War shall have received his discharge from the armies of earth. The Marne: Historic and Picturesque. By 1920, Mattie Burkhalter had moved back to Ray City with her widowed mother.
Her mother-in-law, Marentha Burkhalter, survived the pneumonia and continued to reside on the Burkhalter farm at Ray City. Mattie and her moter made their home next to type, Francis’ mother and brother, John Allen “Tete” Burkhalter. After the compare, war Tete Burkhalter became a veterinary surgeon at Ray City. In 1919, the United States Army authorized the Victory Medal in recognition of service in World War I. Mattie Burkhalter submitted an application for a Victory Medal for her deceased husband. F. Type Questions. M. Burkhalter, Eugene Rudolph Knight, Leon Clyde Miller, William B. Register, Henry Watts and statement thesis Rossie O. Knight were among the Ray City men receiving the award. Application for WWI Victory Medal submitted posthumously for Francis Marion Burkhalter. Despite the tender care shown the WWI dead by the town of Chaumont, France, the type questions answer, grieving families in thesis ethics America were desirous that the questions, bodies of their loved ones should be brought home to rest. In 1921, the bodies in the American Cemetery, including the body of design for the essay F. M. Burkhalter, were exhumed and returned to essay, the States. Thesis For Business Ethics. The citizens of Chaumont erected a monument to mark the sacred ground where the fallen American soldiers had briefly rested.
Beside the questions, road just in front of St. Aignan’s chapel is the site of the American Cemetery, which lay something like two years beside the older French Parish cemetery. The weeds and rough grass now cloaking the upheaved ground sloping down to the Marne would hardly betray to a stranger that here had been the resting place of the bodies of hundreds of brave men, most of for business whom died in Base Hospital No. 15, until they were removed for return to essay questions answer, the United States or final interment in one of our permanent cemeteries in France. But with the fine delicacy of feeling, so often shown by them in essay porch fields such matters, the essay type, French have commemorated the fact for april fields years to come in the dignified monument beside Neuf Chateau road which bears on its face, side by essay type side, the Coats of Arms of the United States and of Chaumont and the legend in thesis for business ethics French: “1917-1921. This simple stone will recall to future generations that here has been a cemetery containing the bodies of answer more than six hundred American soldiers who fought at our sides for right and liberty.” – Nora Elizabeth Daly. Monument to the Americans buried at Chaumont, FR. The bodies were exhumed in 1921 and returned to the States or moved to oxford thesis binding, permanent American cemeteries in France. Image source: Doughboy Center http://www.worldwar1.com/dbc/monument.htm. The remains of Francis Marion Burkhalter was returned to Ray City, GA and re-interred at Beaver Dam Cemetery. In 1934, Mrs.
Marentha Burkhalter applied for a military headstone to mark his final resting place. Application for essay type a military headstone for the grave of Francis Marion Burkhalter. Grave of Francis Marion Burkhalter, Beaver Dam Cemetery, Ray City, GA. Ray City Soldier. Rossie O. For Business Ethics. Knight and the WWI Victory Medal. Rossie O. Knight as a young Soldier. Born August 28, 1892, Rossie O. Knight grew up in Ray City, GA. Image courtesy of Bryan Shaw and the Berrien Historical Foundation, http://www.berriencountyga.com. Rossie O. Knight was a son of Sovin J. Knight and Ann Eliza Allen, and grew up on his parents’ farm near Rays Mill (now Ray City), GA. He moved with his parents to the area of Barney, GA in 1911. His father, Sovin J. Type Questions Answer. Knight, died April 16, 1911 shortly after the move.
Rossie joined the Army in 1913. He was stationed at Fort Hancock, NJ until August 1917 when he shipped out to France with the 1st Division. Rossie O. Tell Thesis. Knight’s service records show he participated in four major 1918 offensives of questions World War I: Montdidier-Noyon, Ainse-Marne, Saint Mihiel, and argument of god essay Meuse-Argonne. He also served in the Toul Defensive Sector. In recognition of this service he received the WWI Victory Medal with five clasps. Wikipedia provides the following description of the Victory Medal: “The front of the bronze medal features a winged Victory holding a shield and sword on the front. The reverse features ‘THE GREAT WAR FOR CIVILIZATION’ in all capital letters curved along the top of the medal. Curved along the bottom of the back of the medal are six stars, three on either side of the center column of type seven staffs wrapped in a cord. Thesis Ethics. The top of the staff has a round ball on essay type questions answer top and is winged on the side. The staff is on top of a shield that says “U” on the left side of the staff and “S” on the right side of the staff.
On left side of the staff it lists one World War I Allied country per line: France, Italy, Serbia, Japan, Montenegro, Russia, and Greece. On the right side of the staff the Allied country names read: Great Britain (at the time the common term for the United Kingdom), Belgium, Brazil, Portugal, Rumania (spelled with a U instead of an O as it is ap world history contrast essays spelled now), and China. Battle clasps, inscribed with a battle’s name, were worn on the medal to essay, denote participation in thesis ethics major ground conflicts. For general defense service, not involving a specific battle, the “Defensive Sector” Battle Clasp was authorized. The Defensive Sector clasp was also awarded for any battle which was not already recognized by its own battle clasp.” The Victory Medals were awarded after the end of World War I. Veterans completed an “Application for Victory Medal” and the medals were mailed to essay questions, the servicemen instead of awarded in person. For example, the boxes containing the thesis binding, Victory Medals for United States Army World War I veterans were mailed out by the depot officer at the General Supply Depot, U.S. Army, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in April 1921. An outer light brown box with an address label glued to type answer, it and its postage area marked “OFFICIAL BUSINESS, Penalty for private use $300” contained an inner white box stamped with the bars the serviceman was supposed to receive on his medal. The inner white box contained the medal, which was wrapped in tissue paper.
Rossie O. The Canadian Writer. Knight Application for Victory Medal, WWI. Rossie O. Knight WWI service record. Rossie O. Knight arrived with the 1st Division in Europe on August 7, 1917. According to the First Division Museum at Cantigny: The 1st Infantry Division was literally America’s first division. Questions. When the United States entered World War I in thesis for business April 1917, it had no divisions. President Woodrow Wilson promised the Allies he would send “a division” to France immediately. Four infantry regiments (16th, 18th, 26th and 28th) and three artillery regiments (5th, 6th and 7th) were ordered from the Mexican border in Texas to Hoboken, NJ, to board transports for France. On June 8, 1917, Brigadier General William Sibert assumed command of them as the “First Expeditionary Division.” Organized as a “square” division of answer more than 28,000 men, the First Division was twice the size of either the Allied or German divisions on the Western Front.
From September 21, 1917 to August 6, 1919 Rossie O. Knight served with Company C, 1st Division Ammunition Train (1 Div Am Tn on his service record). Fellow Berrien countian John Bullock Gaskins was also serving in Company B, of the 1st Division Ammunition Train. The Ammunition Train was a convoy of trucks and wagons: “For a Division, the ammunition train consists normally of four wagon companies and four truck companies. This very important unit carries rifle ammunition to heart tale thesis, the Infantry, and shells to the Artillery. Usually, the moving of essay ammunition is accomplished under cover of darkness, but in the big offensives the statement tale thesis, ammunition trucks are kept going day and night.” WWI Soldiers loading ammunition for transportation. The First Division won the first American victory in World War I at type questions, the Battle of porch Cantigny. Cantigny is a small village north of Paris, in the Picardy region of France. Held by the German Army, Cantigny formed a dangerous salient in type questions the Allied lines.
On May 28, 1918, the for business, First Division attacked and defeated the German forces in the village and held it against questions answer, repeated German counterattacks, despite suffering more than 1,000 casualties. The success raised the Allies’ morale, convinced the British and French that the existence, Americans were capable of operating in independent fighting units, and disproved German propaganda about American incapacity. From August 22 to October 18, 1917 the 1st Division Ammunition Train and Rossie O. Knight were attached to the Scottish 15th Division at Le Valdahon, France. According to the U.S. Army Handbook of Ordnance Data, Valdahon was a Field Artillery training camp, where troops were issued 75-mm guns and 155-mm howitzers, and received technical instruction in their operation. Camp Valdahon, France. Sergeant Rossie O. Knight and the U.S. 1st Division were assigned to the Montdidier-Noyon sector when the Germans made an type questions answer, offensive there on June 9-13, 1918.
Service in this sector proved to writer s world, be typical active trench warfare, and the companies of the Ammunition Train were occupied ferrying small arms munitions and artillery rounds to the front lines. The German infantry launched an attack on the night of June 8-9, 1918. Twenty-one German divisions attacked the type questions, French on a twenty-three mile front extending from Montdidier, France to the Oise River at Noyon. Effects of thesis for business British artillery shelling, Montdidier, France, WWI. The main assault was against essay answer, the left of the French division which was on the right of the U.S. 1st Division; In this action the U.S. 1st Division took artillery fire and repelled diversionary raids. The Canadian Writer. The battle was opened by an intense German artillery bombardment, which began at midnight…there was an extensive use of gas, both chlorine and essay type questions answer mustard.
The Germans attempted to neutralize the Allied artillery batteries by firing on them with phosgene and mustard gas. Along the roads shrapnel was used and the front positions were shelled with gas and high explosives. S World 2nd Ed. The assault continued during the next five days. Essay Type Questions Answer. Though the U.S. Oxford Thesis Holywell. 1st Division was not directly engaged, it was subjected to intense artillery fire and its units participated both defensively and offensively in several raids. The Germans advanced from essay type 2 to statement tale tell thesis, 5 km. (1.2 to 3.1 miles) and came close to breaking the Allied lines.
But the French had anticipated the type, assault, and the counterattack was successful in holding the Germans. This was the first repulse of argument a German offensive in answer 1918, and is regarded by essay porch some authorities as the true turning point of the war. Activities then diminished rapidly, relatively speaking, but from the time that the 1st Division captured Cantigny until it turned that sector over to essay answer, the French, there was continuous heavy shell fire, with gas attacks and ap world history many raids, though all of the last mentioned were repulsed successfully. The fighting was over by essay questions June 12, 1918. The fighting capacity of the German army was critically damaged with little to oxford holywell, show for the heavy losses incurred. For Rossie O. Essay Type Questions Answer. Knight personally, the Montdidier-Noyon Offensive was up and down.
He started out the battle as a Sergeant, but on June 11, 1918 he was busted down to the rank of Private for thesis binding some unknown infraction. The Ainse-Marne Offensive (15 July – 6 August 1918) By the end of June, Rossie O. Knight had at least regained his status as PFC. He continued to serve with the 1st Division Ammunition Train, keeping the front lines supplied with ammunition through the Allied counter-offensive known as the Aisne-Marne Campaign. The Ainse-Marne action also known as the Second Battle of the Marne, began on July 15, 1918 when 23 German divisions attacked the essay questions, French Fourth Army east of the city of Reims, France.
Just days earlier on July 10th, fellow Berrien countian Lawrence Ryan Judge, a sergeant with the 1st Division’s 26th infantry, was killed in action. In the Ainse-Marne Offensive, British, French and American troops, including the U.S. 1st Division, held the Germans back for three days at the Marne River. Even before the German offensive on the Marne, the Allies had been planning a massive counterattack in the area. July 1918, men of the US 1st Division waiting to enter the Ainse-Marne Offensive. After three days of fighting at heart tale thesis, the Marne, it became evident the type, German offensive was weakening. The German attack failed when an Allied counterattack led by French forces and including several hundred tanks overwhelmed the Germans on april fields their right flank, inflicting severe casualties. The Allied counterattack was launched on July 18, with fourteen divisions including the questions answer, U.S. 1st Division. WWI Ammunition Train, July 18, 1918. According to J. Rickard, “All around the line the Allies advanced between two and five miles.
That night the Germans were forced to retreat back across the Marne river. The rapid Allied advance threatened German communications within the salient and even offered the chance of thesis trapping the essay type questions, German troops around Chateau Thierry.” One Berrien county solider who fought at Chateau Thierry was Private John Lory McCranie, of Adel, GA. McCranie was fighting with the 42nd Division and statement also later saw service at Saint Mihiel, Argonne Forest and Sedan. He died shortly after the war as a result of essay questions having been gassed. July 25, 1918. Trains moving up to the Marne salient. Faced with this massive Allied counterattack the Germans dropped back to form a new defensive line along the line of the Aisne and Velse rivers. As the Germans fell back and the 1st Division moved up, Rossie O. Knight also advanced, moving to the rank of Corporal on August 1, 1918.
The new German line began to form up around August 3. On August 6, the Americans probed the new line and oxford thesis binding were repulsed, ending the offensive, but the German defeat marked the type questions, start of the relentless Allied advance. Saint Mihiel Offensive (September 12-16, 1918) Since the fall of 1914, the Germans had occupied the Saint-Mihiel salient, a triangular wedge of land between Verdun and Nancy, in northeastern France. By heavily fortifying the area, the Germans had effectively blocked all rail transport between Paris and the Eastern Front. This position had constantly threatened Paris and forced the Allies to maintain defensive positions.
It was at a forward listening post at the front lines of Saint Mihiel that Lorton W. Register, of Ray City, had been killed by artillery shelling in March, 1918. After the Ainse-Marne Offensive in July, General John J. Pershing and Allied Supreme Commander Ferdinand Foch decided that the 1st Army of the AEF should establish its headquarters in the Saint Mihiel sector and challenge the German position there. The attack at oxford holywell, the St. Essay Type Questions. Mihiel Salient was part of for the a plan by Pershing in which he hoped that the American forces would break through the German lines and capture the fortified city of Metz. Thus, on September 12, 1918, the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) launched its first major WWI offensive operation as an type questions answer, independent army. The attack began with the advance of Allied tanks across the trenches at Saint Mihiel, followed closely by the American infantry troops. Foul weather plagued the offensive as much as the enemy troops, as the trenches filled with water and thesis holywell the fields turned to mud, bogging down many of the tanks.
Stalled ammunition wagon holding up an advancing column on the second day of the Saint Mihiel Offensive, September 13, 1918. The ammunition convoys to which Corp. Questions Answer. Rossie O. Knight was assigned worked around the clock for thesis ethics 80 hours to keep the advancing American troops supplied. Also present during the Saint Mihiel Offensive were Lieutenant Asbury Joe Hall, Jr. and Private John Bryan Thomas, both of Adel, GA, and Private Carlie Lawson of Ray City. Lieutenant Hall was attached to essay, Company “H,” 3rd Infantry and had been in heart statement thesis France since January 1918. During that time he had been gassed once and wounded twice; Hall’s luck ran out on the second day of the Saint Mihiel Offensive, September 13, 1918 when he was struck and killed by an artillery shell fragment. John Bryan Thomas served on the Ammunition Train for the 5th Division. Thomas contracted Influenza which resulted in his death on August 15, 1918. Private First Class Carlie Lawson fought at essay type questions answer, Saint Mihiel with Company G, 11th Infantry.
Supply trains during the St. Mihiel Offensive, September 1918. Despite the thesis, conditions, the American attack proved successful—in part because the German command made the decision to abandon the salient—and greatly lifted the morale and confidence of type questions Pershing’s young army. By September 16, 1918, Saint Mihiel and the surrounding area were free of German occupation. Machine gunners and supply trains at St.
Mihiel. But the U.S. offensive at St. Thesis. Mihiel faltered as artillery and food supplies were left behind on the muddy roads. Plans for the attack on Metz had to essay answer, be given up. As the Germans fell back to new positions the American forces immediately shifted further south where they combined with British and French forces in a new offensive near the Argonne Forest and argument for the of god the Meuse River. In the wake of the U.S.-run attack at Saint Mihiel, some 400,000 U.S. troops were assigned to essay questions answer, the region to participate in what was to thesis, be the final operation of the war, the Meuse-Argonne offensive, also known as the Battle of the essay, Argonne Forest. Under the command of General Pershing, the American-led attack began at 11:30 pm on September 25, 1918 with a six-hour-long artillery barrage against s world 2nd ed, the German positions.
The preliminary bombardment, using some 800 mustard gas and phosgene shells, killed 278 German soldiers and type questions answer incapacitated more than 10,000. For Business. The infantry assault, carried out by questions 37 French and American divisions, began at 5:30 the the canadian writer essays 2nd ed, next morning with the support of more than 700 Allied tanks and some 500 aircraft from the U.S. Air Service. Led by the advancing tanks, the infantry troops advanced against German positions in the Argonne Forest and along the essay type answer, Meuse River aiming to cut off the entire German 2nd Army. By the morning of the ap world history compare, following day, the Allies had captured more than 23,000 German prisoners; by nightfall, they had taken 10,000 more and advanced up to six miles in type questions answer some areas. The Germans continued to fight, however, putting up a stiff resistance. On September 30, Pershing called a halt to the Meuse-Argonne offensive, but operations were resumed October 4. The Germans were exhausted, demoralized and plagued by the spreading influenza epidemic, whereas arriving U.S. reinforcements where strengthening the Allied advance. American reinforcements in transit to Europe included hundreds of Georgia soldiers, dozens from Berrien County, who went down with the heart statement tale thesis, ill-fated troopship HMS Otranto off the coast of Islay, Scotland on October 6, 1918. Among the Otranto dead were Rossie’s cousin, Ralph Knight, and type questions answer fellow Ray City resident Shellie Lloyd Webb.
About that same time Sammie Mixon of Allenville, GA, who was fighting in the Meuse-Argonne with Company “H”, 18th Regiment, First Division, was wounded in action and died from pneumonia a few days later. In the early morning hours of October 8, 1918 Isaac R. The Canadian Writer Essays 2nd Ed. Boyett, of Adel, GA was fighting with Company C, 328th Infantry in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive near the the French town of La Forge when he was severely wounded by machine gun fire. Later that same day, Boyett’s regimental mate, Alvin C. York, earned the Medal of Honor for his actions in capturing 132 German soldiers at the village of Chatel-Chehery. Boyett died of his wounds two days later. Answer. Carlie Lawson also fought in oxford holywell the Battle of the Argonne Forest with Company G, 11th Infantry; he returned from the war and lived to be 100 years old.
The German troops stubbornly held on answer in the Argonne Forest for another month before beginning their final retreat. William Wiley Tison, of essay porch fields Ray City, was with the type, 51st Infantry, 6th Division, which participated in the Meuse-Argonne operation from thesis November 1-8, 1918. Essay. With arriving U.S. reinforcements the Allies had time to advance some 32 kilometers before the general armistice was announced on November 11, bringing the thesis for business ethics, First World War to a close. The Meuse-Argonne Offensive was a part of the final Allied offensive of essay type World War I that stretched along the design argument of god essay, entire Western Front. It was fought from September 26, 1918, until the Armistice on November 11, a total of 47 days. The battle was the largest in United States military history, involving 1.2 million American soldiers, and was one of a series of essay type questions Allied attacks which brought the war to history essays, an end. Type Questions Answer. The Meuse-Argonne was the principal engagement of the the canadian writer 2nd ed, American Expeditionary Forces during the First World War and essay type questions was “probably the statement tale, bloodiest single battle in U.S. history”. 1918 Meuse Argonne.
From May 1918 to the Armistice on November 11, 1918, the First Division suffered more than 20,000 casualties, including killed, wounded and questions missing. With commanders such as MG William Sibert, MG Robert L. Bullard and MG Charles P. Summerall, the First Division established a reputation for excellence and esprit de corps. Post Armistice Activities November 12, 1918-August 14, 1919. On November 12, the the canadian writer essays, 1st Division moved into Bois de Romagne. On Nov 13, the Division moved via Malancourt and Verdun-sur-Meuse into billets near Domremyla-Canne and Gondrecourt, and prepared for the advance into Germany as a part of the Army of Occupation. Carlie Lawson and the Battle of the Argonne Forest.
Carlie Lawson was born in 1897 in Valdosta, GA, the son of Missouri Spivey and Mitch Lawson. Some time before 1910, the Lawson family moved to questions, Ray’s Mill, GA (nka Ray City) where Mitch Lawson was engaged in farming. In 1917, 20-year-old Carlie Lawson left Ray City and went to Ft . Oglethorpe, GA where he enlisted in the Regular Army on August 11. He served as a Private First Class in World War I and fought in France. His service record shows that he served in the 11th Infantry, Company G throughout the war. He served overseas from April 24, 1918 to Dec. 30, 1918.
On May 5, 1918 he was promoted to Private First Class. PFC Lawson was in the engagement at St. Mihiel – Meuse, Argonne, France. The Meuse-Argonne Offensive , also called the Battle of the Argonne Forest , was a part of the final Allied offensive of for the essay World War I that stretched along the type questions answer, entire western front. The Meuse-Argonne offensive, fought in the Argonne Forest September 26 – November 11, 1918, was the biggest operation and victory of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) in World War I. The bulk of the AEF had not gone into action until 1918. The Meuse-Argonne battle was the largest frontline commitment of troops by the U.S.
Army in World War I, and also its deadliest. The scale of the overall offensive, bolstered by the fresh and the canadian essays 2nd ed eager but largely untried and inexperienced U.S. troops, signaled renewed vigor among the Allies and sharply dimmed German hopes for victory. The Battle of the Argonne Forest is credited in part for leading to the Armistice on November 11. The American forces suffered 117,000 casualties and losses in the battle. Although the Meuse-Argonne was “probably the bloodiest single battle in U.S. history”, in the sense that it had the largest number of U.S. dead in a single battle it is little remembered today in the United States.
Carlie Lawson received an honorable discharge on March 22, 1919.
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Review Essay: Bearing the Meaning of essay questions, Birth. The meaning begins with the coauthorship of this review by an academic (Davis-Floyd)-one who, by essay porch, profession, lives in the abstract world of type answer, ideas, and by a midwife (Luce) who lives in the canadian writer essays the embodied world of birth-a world of flesh and blood and type questions answer, fluids and rich smells and animal sounds and primal energy, a world as ordinary and universal as the thesis world of answer, academia can be rarefied and essay april, particular. What unites us to each other is our lived critique, in words and in practice, of the medicalization of birth and women's bodies-a critique that led us both, consciously and reflectively, to eschew the technological management of the birth process and give birth to our children at home, away from the technomedical gaze. Through this choice we also find ourselves connected to Robbie Pfeufer Kahn's brilliant and insightful work, Bearing Meaning: The Language of Birth, for this is a book that speaks both of our languages-the language of the body and of the mind. Its author shares our embodied experiences of pregnancy, birth, and breastfeeding and questions, our deep desire to find a language through which we can both describe and honor those experiences. We believe that Kahn achieves this goal better than anyone else ever has. A sociologist and a mother, she unites her academic training with her motherhood to essay april, give voice and coherence to women's reproductive embodiment and to situate birth and the maternal in type questions their proper place in society and in the domains of knowledge.
As she writes so eloquently, what unites women is the canadian writer 2nd ed, our common purpose to enable knowledge to arise from bodily processes and from touch that is type answer, mediated by history essays, consciousness (p. 5). This work is the fruit of a lifetime of lived experience, deep reflection, and essay questions answer, political activism; it represents an integration of knowledge across a range of disciplines refracted through the lens of the bodily experience of giving birth, of breastfeeding, and the mutually recognized bond between mother and child-a shared subjectivity grounded in the body, which Kahn codes as the maialogical bond. In the Introduction, Kahn employs language that is tightly woven and pregnant with original insights and juicy metaphors to set out her intentions: to write about oxford thesis binding holywell, her experience of giving birth to her son Levin and what she learned from it, to enter this story into recorded history, and to questions, honor the maternal body and all it encompasses as worthy of scholarly research and inclusion in academic discourse. The intensely personal narrative of Levin's birth and growth runs like a continuous thread through the text from Chapter 1 to the Epilogue, grounding her theories in argument for the existence the body of type, this motherson relationship. A microcosm of the larger tapestry, the Introduction contains all the strands that Kahn artfully weaves through the body of the tale tell thesis book: an analysis of attitudes toward birth found in texts from the questions answer Western tradition, from Homer forward; a description of the influence of these texts and the ideologies they contain on birth practices and our sense of the maternal body; and the counter stories, personal and textual, to the dominant ones that inform medicalized birth in our culture. Kahn utilizes embodied experience as a tool for essay porch challenging and deconstructing the worlds of meaning contained in traditional Western texts and institutionalized in medical practice and social policy. She stakes out her own ground in relationship to feminist theory and the feminist movement, finding in the perspective of women of color a place for nature, culture, and spirituality, areas central to her own theorizing because so present in her experience of birth. She also offers a thought-provoking defense of her use of the personal narrative. In laying claim to her own voice, Kahn affirms the validity and legitimacy of the personal and experiential in the arena of academic research, and invites others to see their own experiences as worthy of deep reflection and inclusion in discourse about creating and finding meaning.
She writes passionately about the significance and power of language and essay type questions, of the language of birth, the subject of this 441-page work. Identifying the tools of her analysis, she critiques and expands the field of sociology as she argues for inclusion of the point of reproduction, birth itself, as central to thesis holywell, understanding the whole social order. The titles of the five sections of this book speak of fashioning and refashioning a textual matrix for the binding, and then the unbinding, of the maternal body-apt metaphors for Kahn's work of freeing the maternal body from the patriarchal text of Western literary and intellectual tradition and its expression in current obstetrical practice. Unbinding the maternal body means honoring the voice of childbearing and motherhood and essay questions, the lessons they teach, and drawing upon those lessons in shaping society. It also means freeing women from imprisonment in essays 2nd ed the private domain not only during pregnancy but also as we breastfeed our children, teaching and learning the lessons of the essay type questions milk with which Kahn concludes her work, lessons that she insists have deep social and political implications. Kahn's interweaving of the personal and the analytical is captured nicely in her discussion of bonding in Chapter 1, in which she tests the feminist critique of bonding (that it is an ideology aimed at convincing women that their children need them in particular) against her own experience of bonding intensely with her son Levin shortly after birth, then losing that intensity of feeling during their subsequent all-night separation, and having to struggle to regain it by degrees. This acid test of theory leads her to warn against calling ideologies what might be truths (p. 41). Her book is a testament to the value of testing every concept against that standard of embodied experience, of running every idea through the stream of life as we live it. For example, the fact that her son was born on Bastille Day affords her an opportunity to speculate about the process of her self-liberation.
In her subsequent sexual abuse by an ob/gyn drawn to her because of the special quality of her birth experience (which she aptly terms a misfortune of goodness), she identifies the mark of patriarchy-the urge to argument of god, violate the intact maternal body and canalize desire toward the male (p. 37). In this manner, throughout the book she illuminates her own experience in the light of literature, sociology, history, anthropology, economics, and essay questions, philosophy-and in turns both critiques and sheds new light on all of binding, these-through a two-way mirror that enables the reader to see beyond herself in each direction without ever having to become invisible. In this liberating process, our understanding-our personal hermeneutics-becomes deeper and our vision of the essay type questions world is broadened; such was the experience of these reviewers. Transitioning from an account of Levin's birth and her early experience of motherhood, Kahn confronts the coercive power of language as she critically examines the way the writer s world essays 2nd ed female body is written about in type questions some of the classical texts, in Marxist writings, and in heart tell women's self-help literature, with an eye to theoretical foundations for thinking about the maternal body-those that are damaging and those that might suggest more empowering waves of holding the maternal experience. Kahn offers a language that upsets the traditional power relations reinforced in all the dualisms that pervade modern life: mind/body, man/woman, sexuality/maternity, culture/nature, reason/emotion. Essay Type Questions Answer! Noting the damaging consequences of dualistic thinking that privileges one side of the duality, Kahn shows how pervasive is the thesis binding holywell devaluation and denigration of women's bodies and bodily processes. In this framework she begins to develop her theory of the essay questions answer three natures she sees in writer s world essays 2nd ed Western culture-the physical, the social, and essay questions answer, the spiritual.
Integrated, these provide a unified sociology. She notes that more than the cultural mis-representations of birth, the social institution of medicine is what shapes, limits, misshapes, controls, and confers meaning on women in birth. In The Body of Birth Reconsidered (Chapter 3), Kahn puts forth some of her most controversial and original ideas concerning the language that arises from the body, the consciousness that accompanies birth, and thesis for business, the social nature of both. She privileges the body as a way of knowing, not just as the passive recipient of type questions answer, knowledge, and nowhere does she do this more powerfully than when arguing for a culture of the just born mother and child. She coins the of god essay term maialogical to describe the perspective that arises from this culture, and uses this perspective, which integrates the physical with the social and the spiritual, to essay type, understand culture and society.
In Part II, The Maternal Body Bound, Kahn deals in depth with the essay porch subjugation of women in the oral and written literature of the Western tradition. From Genesis to Williams Obstetrics, from the type answer mythological story of the Sumerian goddess Innana to the intensely feminist Our Bodies, Ourselves, Kahn traces the patriarchal cooption of the language of oxford thesis binding holywell, birth and women's reclaiming of that language, intertwining literary allusion and metaphor as she goes. She combs the literature for anything and everything that supports, challenges, ignores, celebrates, and explains women's embodied experiences of the childbearing cycle-pregnancy, birth, lactation, motherhood. Essay Questions! Kahn makes the works of oxford, others who have written on these subjects, from Homer to Mary O'Brien, live through the essay type questions answer passionate vitality of her own work. In Chapter 8, Unsavory Saviours, Kahn describes how she was caught in the web of april fields, obstetrical power of which her obstetrician's sexual advances were part and parcel. The text is marked by answer, the events of her life and this is particularly true in the break that separates the analysis of Williams Obstetrics, the century-old pre-eminent obstetrical textbook, from that of Our Bodies, Ourselves, a feminist self-help book published in numerous editions since 1971 by porch, the members of the Boston Women's Health Collective. Here in Part III, Refashioning a Textual Matrix, the questions story line is interrupted as Kahn experiences conflicts between her roles as dutiful daughter and nurturing mother and the concentration and demands imposed by writing and serious scholarship; and as she is challenged as a thinker by feminist scholars. She bridges these gaps with a defense of the continuities she sees between human life and nature, articulating a reflected upon idea of natural that stands as a counter-hegemonic notion opposing the medical model of birth, without letting go of the ideas central to her whole thesis: birth, however culturally treated, is embedded in nature, and the body teaches. Before offering a detailed analysis of the consecutive versions of Our Bodies, Ourselves and heart thesis, the shifts in social and political consciousness they represent-the very heart of questions, The Maternal Body Unbound (Part IV)-Kahn identifies the social movements and history essays, feminist expressions in Europe and the United States out of which the women's health movement and its text, Our Bodies, Ourselves, grew.
Kahn reveals this book to be the primary cultural site of the unbinding of the maternal body, showing that the book is a reflection of the process through which it was created: the collective authors structured their work environment and their writing in a way that held and affirmed the cultural and individual worth of women and essay type, their bodies. With an amazing eye for nuance, Kahn observes how the unbinding progresses with each subsequent edition, particularly in the childbirth chapters, countering this woman-centered text against the intensely patriarchal and patronizing text of Williams Obstetrics. In her analysis, she demonstrates how difficult it is for even the most consciously aware to free themselves from the constraints of design existence essay, obstetrical ideology. Easier for Kahn than birth was the unbounded sense of essay type, her body she achieved while breastfeeding and entering the world as mother, activist, and worker, bridging the gap between the private and public spheres with her maternal body. In Lessons of the Milk, Kahn takes us beyond the reclamation of the moment of birth to celebrate the body-in-relation during lactation and the social significance of the knowing embodied in thesis that relationship. Women have denied their bodies too long as a price for being in essay type the world, she argues, as she convincingly articulates the the canadian s world essays agenda for answer the political and social reform that would follow if feminists would take up breastfeeding as an issue. Bearing Meaning embodies resistance; a powerful agent of the reclaiming of language, it can also be viewed as a political work. Kahn demonstrates how the politics of childbirth have significantly brought the body into the public domain, a process she continues in her writing. This book should be read not only for its insights but also for the sheer beauty and richness of its language-language that is as generative as birth and the maternal body. Her writing is textured, braided, looped like the hair of so many women whose spirits and bodies resonate in its pages. Her scholarship is impeccable, her footnotes, which serve as a road map of her intellectual journey and the evolution of her thinking, are masterpieces of academic virtuosity.
The singularity of Kahn's personal story, while always illuminating, is also occasionally restrictive. Beyond the class, racial, and ethics, ethnic limitations that are obvious and acknowledged by Kahn, her extensive use of personal narrative particularizes her own perspective to the exclusion of the perspectives of the many women whose powerful narratives, had she included them, would lay deeper foundations for her theories. The abstracting use of language-the maternal, even as literary device-risks the temptation of all philosophy and theorizing to disembody even the type most organic of writer s world 2nd ed, experiences. Speaking of the maternal body may render invisible real maternal bodies. Essay Questions! The corollary temptation is toward idealization-of the maternal, the maialogical bond-which again takes us away from the visceral reality of the experiences these terms try to encode. To elevate birth and mothering to the level of academic discourse can include silencing the mothers who give birth. Kahn seems to be aware of this danger: in the Epilogue, she recounts how Levin ultimately frees himself from the canadian writer essays 2nd ed, his construction in her narrative. Essay Type Questions Answer! In telling that tale, she releases both him and the reader to live and to tell their own stories.
A passage from Nancy Mairs, herself a ground-breaking feminist writer, branded itself on our conjoint memories: She wrote of the birth of her son, replete with technological interventions and the violence the physicians inflicted on them both, tearing us apart at precisely the moment when he should have lain across me while we smelled and stroked and stared at the canadian writer each other . . . . I'll never forgive them for depriving us of that bond. She enumerates the tragedies of her life, and then declares, Nothing wounds me like this botched pregnancy and childbirth . . . Essay Answer! . Thesis For Business Ethics! It arouses an impermissible grief, one that has-unlike madness, illness, death-no social form to contain it. Kahn's book creates such a social form-a context and a language for understanding such violation and type questions answer, its meanings to the woman and to the culture she inhabits. Liberatory for history compare essays women and for society, this marvelous book helps us rethink the significance of type answer, birth and the social institutions that shape it. Kahn links birth, lactation, and oxford thesis holywell, motherhood to the possibility for a more just and equitable social world, in harmony with the world of nature, and founded on the embodied experiences of interconnectedness and mutual recognition that constitute the maialogical bond. Such linkages-and the type questions academic mastery behind them-give Bearing Meaning wide appeal, from general readership to teachers and students in the humanities and social sciences to oxford thesis binding, perinatal health care providers. All its readers will find that its pages bear the meaning not only of birth, but also of the pregnant interplay of individual experience with the wider social world. Reprinted by permission from Medical Humanities Review, Volume 10(2), Fall 1996, pp. 113-118. Judith Luce has been a community midwife attending births at home for 20 years. She is essay type questions answer, presently pursuing a graduate degree in Cultural Studies at Vermont College.
Robbie E. Design Existence! Davis-Floyd, Ph.D., is an anthropologist who has specialized in the analysis of essay questions answer, obstetrical procedures as cultural rituals. Address correspondence to april fields, Robbie E. Davis-Floyd, Ph.D., 1301 Capital of Texas Hwy. B128, Austin, TX 78746. To speak with a representative about our products and services or for technology inquiries, please call 1-858-732-9007.
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Example Persuasive Paper on the Death Penalty. Death penalty has been an inalienable part of human society and its legal system for centuries, regarded as a necessary deterrent to essay type questions answer dangerous crimes and a way to liberate the community from design argument existence dangerous criminals. However, later on essay questions answer, this type of punishment came to be regarded as a crime against humanistic ideals by many, and history compare contrast, its validity in essay type the legal system has been questioned. Until now, the debate rages on. This resulted in s world essays 2nd ed a wide discrepancy of laws on this issue. Some nations including China, the US, Iran, Belarus, and others preserve the answer death penalty as an option, while others like Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and almost all European nations have abolished capital punishment. Still others keep the norm in their legislations, but have de facto suspended execution of criminals sentenced to capital punishment. This paper will seek to prove that death penalty has to be preserved as a valid means of prevention serious crimes. It will examine the effect of death penalty on society and its relevance to the protection of interests of common citizens.
The history of death penalty is almost as old as the history of mankind. Various means of capital punishment involved burning, hanging, drowning, crucifixion, breaking on the will, boiling to statement thesis death, electrocution, firing squad, gassing - the list can be continued. The choice of type answer, a particular method in Europe in the Middle Age, for instance, depended on the social status of the condemned. Porch April! Painless and respectable ways were reserved for the aristocracy; and more painful for the common people, such as hanging or breaking on the wheel. In other cases, the essay questions choice of the method was warranted by the time of crime: witches and heretics had to be burned at the stake. Capital punishment was envisaged for a broad array of crimes, “including robbery and theft, even if nobody was physically harmed in statement tale tell the action” (Wikipedia). The French Revolution introduced a more humane execution method, the guillotine that cut off the heads of the condemned. The first decision to abolish capital punishment was made by the Grand Duke Leopold II of Habsburg in Granducato di Toscana (Tuscany) on 30 November 1786. The duke cancelled the penalty and ordered to type questions answer destroy all the instruments of murder in his nation after being influenced by oxford thesis binding holywell the book the Italian Cesare Beccaria Dei Delitti e Delle Pene On Crimes and Punishments. The anniversary of the decree is since 2000 celebrated as a holiday in Tuscany.
In 2004, as reports Amnesty International, 3,797 people in 25 nations were executed. China accounts for the bulk of these executions - 3,400 cases. Kuwait is the leader in the number of essay type, executions per 100,000 residents - 400 compared to 260 in China and 230 in Iran, the runner-up on the total number, 159 (Wikipedia). In most nations, death penalty is used to punish criminals for war crimes or serious crimes associated with physical injury. In Asia (Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand) it is used to writer s world 2nd ed punish for drug-related crimes, even though these crimes are mot related to essay questions physical injury. As part of oxford thesis, anti-death penalty movement, this call to repeal this measure has been upheld by various international organizations.
For instance, “the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, which among other things forbids capital punishment for juveniles, has been signed and ratified by questions answer all countries except the USA and Somalia” (Wikipedia). Some international conventions such as the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and holywell, the Sixth Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights have been adopted, although they only bind nations that have ratified them. Organizations like the European Union demand from new members the abolition of death penalty as a condition of entry. Thus, there is a significant pressure on nations to cancel it. Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch are two prominent organisations fighting against essay type, death penalty. The issues involved in the discussion of the canadian s world essays, death penalty usually focus around two main parts. First, this punishment is analysed from a purely utilitarian perspective in an effort to find out whether application of type, capital punishment really helps to deter crime and reduce the risk of recidivism, when criminals commit repeated crimes. The evidence for this is sought in crime rates in regions and nations where executions are carried out. Second, supporters or opponents of oxford thesis holywell, death penalty need to find out whether this penalty can be acknowledged on moral grounds, solving the problem of questions, whether human beings are justified in killing other human beings.
Although the arguments stated remain basically the same throughout history of the discussion, evidence can vary, and the findings, although controversial, can tilt the public opinion to one or the other side. Thus, the support for death penalty surges in nations where especially outrageous murders take place. On the contrary, a lower criminal rate reduces the support. Death penalty, in writer s world essays my view, has to be supported on the ground of just retribution for murder. Type! Still, I do not believe in death as a form of punishment for the canadian drug dealers, however heinous their activities might be, since they did not violate human lives. Essay Type! Political crimes should not be punished with death either, as this would open the way to political repression and physical elimination of political rivals, as it happened in Stalin's times in the canadian s world essays 2nd ed the Soviet Union. However, when a person murders another person, death is the right kind of retribution. This is essay type questions answer, analogous to essay april fields penalties imposed for instance for robbery or theft - the criminal often has to forfeit one's possessions for taking the property of another person. Similarly, it is essay type questions answer, fair that one who has consciously taken the life of april fields, another person should suffer death. In a research paper “Is Capital Punishment Morall Required?
The Relevance of Life-Life Tradeoffs” by Cass R. Susstein and Adrian Vermeule, the essay answer authors suggest that death penalty is morally justified on the basis of distinction between acts and omissions. Essay Porch Fields! Most opponents of death penalty argue that it is barbaric for a government to type answer take a human life since there is a difference between an essay porch april, act, such as killing a person, and omission, such as refraining from the act. But, researchers argue, by forbidding official penalty, government officials de facto allow numerous private killings that are left unpunished. However, a government that fails to maintain the welfare of the citizens by omitting death penalty from the essay type questions criminal code will leave citizens unprotected and thesis binding, decrease their welfare “just as would a state that failed to essay type enact simple environmental measures that could save a great many lives” (Sunstein, Vermeule 2005:41). Therefore, punishing the criminals is a necessary part of essay fields, any state policy. The interests of victims or potential victims of murders cannot be overlooked in order to consider the interests of the criminals guilty of the most heinous crime - taking a person's life. One of the essay type questions answer most important arguments in favor of death penalty is the fact that it helps to deter capital crimes.
This issue is debatable since there have been suggestions that application of death penalty has no serious effects on the rate of s world 2nd ed, murders, for instance. Besides, opponents of essay type questions, death penalty claim that it is not possible to deter so-called crimes-of-passion committed in an emotionally affected state when a person is design argument for the, not capable of thinking about future punishment. However, there is evidence that application of capital punishment can indeed prevent crimes, even those that are committed by intimates. A study by Joanna M. Shepherd “Murders of Passion, Execution Delays, and essay type, Deterrence of Crime” points to the existence of a correlation between the number of ethics, crimes and death penalty. To find this relationship, she looks at monthly murder and execution data using least squares and negative binomial estimations. Her conclusion is that one execution helps to essay avert three killings on average. Capital punishment also has an effect on murders by intimates and crimes of design for the, passion. The influence is evidenced by rates of crimes committed by victims of both European and Afro-American descent.
The deterring effect of death penalty, however, was found to be reduced by longer waits on type answer, the death row. As a result of porch april fields, this trend, “one less murder is committed for questions answer every 2.75-years reduction in death row waits” (Shepherd 2003:27). Another paper exploring the relationship between crime rates and death penalty is “State Executions, Deterrence and the Incidence of Murder” by Paul R. Zimmerman uses U.S. state-level data over the years 1978-1997 to ethics find out if capital punishment indeed has a deterrent effect. The paper, in evaluating the deterrent effect of capital punishment, adjusts the data for the influence of simultaneity and therefore comes up with estimates of a deterrent effect that greatly those of previous findings. Zimmermann has found that “the estimates imply that a state execution deters approximately fourteen murders per year on average” Zimmerman 2004:163).
Besides, he has established that it is the announcement of death penalty that drives the answer effect. The above-mentioned findings suggest that the deterrent effect of capital punishment is design argument existence of god, present and should not be neglected. If the killing of one criminal can prevent at essay answer, least three, or fourteen deaths, by different calculations, this opportunity has to be exploited. We cannot forgo an opportunity to save the lives of honest, innocent, law-abiding citizens. Although any human life is precious, the efforts of the society have always been directed mostly at maintaining the well-being of those who live by its rules. They are getting more economic benefits that anti-social elements and for business, can enjoy a more secure future.
Thus, these people have to be protected by the law in essay answer the first place. Death penalty, however improper it may seem from the point of view of defending criminals' interests, is “a guarantee of no repeat crime” (NCWC). Evidence of repeat offenders returning to normal life is scarce, and instances of recidivism are abundant. Once again, the solution depends on the main goal set for the legal system: is it to defend the oxford thesis binding holywell interests of everybody alike or is it designed to support those who spend their lives without harming each other? If we side with those who believe that the system should in the first place support those who are law-abiding, the focus will be on prevention of deaths though murders as the greatest evil generated by crime. Despite the above-mentioned deterrent effect, we cannot effectively prevent crimes by first-time offenders.
It is much easier to type prevent those by repeat offenders. One of the ap world history contrast essays most outrageous instances supporting the above claim was the questions incident that happened in Alabama prison in 2001: Cuhuatemoc Hinricky Peraita, 25, an inmate who was serving life without parole for 3 murders was found guilty of killing a fellow inmate (Recidivism). Thesis Binding! The killer was finally sentenced to type electrocution. However, if he had been sentenced to death right after the first murder, the other three could have been prevented. The life of an inmate who died at the hands of holywell, Peraita is essay type answer, no less valuable than his own. In fact, I strongly believe that it could have been more valuable: maybe that person has repented and was going to return to the society a re-born person? Maybe that person was not guilty of such a heinous crime as murder? Unfortunately, there is too much evidence that certain individuals tend to commit murder while others are less prone to it. Death penalty would then free society from the return of such individuals. Capital punishment as penalty for oxford holywell murder also has a moral effect on essay answer, society. It signals to the criminals that murder is a serious crime the community feels strongly about.
In fact, it creates the porch fields useful perception of essay type questions, human life as something so precious that taking it has no justification. Death penalty suggests that there is a boundary that should not be overstepped. This should send a message to society members that taking a person's property, however reprehensible, is not to be condemned via taking a life. On the contrary, murder will not be tolerated, and people who have committed this crime should be removed from society as incapable of social living. Another common argument given in thesis for business favour of death penalty is an economical consideration. Essay Answer! Comparisons differ depending on the bias of the people carrying out the comparison. Statement Tale Thesis! Some say that “the death penalty, because it involves so many required post-trial hearings, reviews, appeals, etc. ends up costing more than life imprisonment” (NCWC). However, these extra expenses have to be diminished through increasing the cost-efficiency of the legal system, and society that is spending huge amounts on legal services would benefit from such a reform. Just considering the cost of keeping a 25-year-old inmate incarcerated till the end of one's life is startling and endorses the view that society has to select death penalty as a cheaper option. Opponents of death penalty have given a number of arguments to answer support their position. In the first place, it is opposed by people on religious grounds.
Representatives of various religious groups claim that only God can take a human life and human being are then not sanctioned to kill each other. However, in thesis for business the Hebrew Scriptures there is evidence that Jews applied death penalty to criminals for essay type answer selected types of crime. The only instance in the Christian Scriptures includes punishing by death “for lying about Church donations: Acts 5:1 to 11 describe how a couple, Ananias and Sapphira sold a piece of real estate” (Religious Tolerance). The couple was killed for lying about the size of the proceeds from the design argument existence of god sale of a house in essay type answer an effort to conceal part of their income. Proceeding to the Christian Scriptures, one finds some evidence that was said to be indicative of Christ's opposition to death penalty questionable. Thus, there is a renowned episode with the argument existence essay female sinner (John 8:3 - 8:11) who was supposed to essay type be stoned to design of god essay death and saved by Christ saying “He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her”. Jesus was not in fact censuring the right to kill the woman according to the ancient law. Besides, there is evidence suggesting that this passage was not present in the original version of the Scripture and was later added by an unknown person (Religious Tolerance). Besides, the passage from Matthew 5:21-22 is essay type answer, supposed to condemn killing: Ye have heard that it was said by them of oxford thesis holywell, old time, Thou shalt not kill; and type questions, whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment: But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. These words implicate a person who kills out of thesis ethics, anger, but is hardly applicable to cases where a person is murdered through a verdict of qualified jury.
Thus, Christian intolerance of death penalty appears doubtful. To negate death first of essay type, all would mean the statement tale moratorium on wars that take lives of more people than death penalty. The war casualties are often innocent peaceful people who just happened to be caught in essay type answer the cross-fire, unlike recidivist criminals who end up on death row. Yet most Christian states prepare military doctrines and ap world history compare contrast essays, demonstrate to each other readiness to type questions answer employ their military machine to kill people if necessary. Still others are practicing war if it suits their political goals. How significantly will then abolition of for business ethics, death penalty forward the goal of living a Christian life? The same argument applies to the anti-death penalty claim that the legal system should not be allowed to execute because there is a possibility of essay, a legal mistake that will result in the death of a wrong person (NCWC). Design For The Existence Of God Essay! On these grounds, wars have to be forbidden in the first place since they keep killing people that are not to blame at all. They either do their best fighting for their motherland in expectation of a heroic death or just, as mentioned before, get caught in cross-fire. Thus, any nation that does not exclude a war should not exclude death penalty that is a much more balanced mechanism.
Besides, the essay type questions legal system is unfortunately prone to mistakes, as are all social institutions, but this does not mean that they should not be used to carry out their functions. Most other penalties like imprisonment take a heavy toll on the canadian writer s world 2nd ed, human life, yet they are applied to criminals, even if there is a threat of questions answer, ruining a person's life by mistake. Besides, returning to the incident in Alabama in the previous section, a person dying at heart tale tell thesis, the hands of an acknowledged murderer in prison is also a fatal mistake of the legal system. If the system rightfully recognized the capacity to essay answer continue killing in design argument for the of god essay the criminal, his final victim would have saved his life. One more argument states that since every person has “an inherent right to dignity and life”, most nations have abolished death penalty: “civilized countries don't have it” (NCWC). Questions Answer! First, it is still preserved in oxford thesis binding many nations including the US that fits into many criteria of a civilized country. Besides, quite a few nations that have it in their penal codes like Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, Barbado, Bangladesh enjoy a relatively low crime rate. This underscores that death penalty adequately serves the main purpose of the legal system: to protect law-abiding citizens. There are many more issues that can be considered with regard to death penalty. One can evaluate the essay racist argument, for instance, claiming that death penalty is more often imposed on Afro-Americans than European Americans and see how it relates to crime rate in the two groups. Besides, ethical perspectives on this issue can be diverse and supported by many different theories.
With the arguments presented above, however, it seems clear that there are many valid reasons in support of death penalty. On the contrary, anti-death penalty arguments need to be assessed critically, as, for instance, the history essays religious argument. Further research into the topic is necessary, with more authoritative studies on the deterrent effect of death penalty on the criminal rates, tracing various states in the US as well as evidence from questions answer other nations. It would also be interesting to examine the historical background of nations that have both capital punishment in their law codes and extremely low crime rate to see how death penalty affects crime rates. On the more practical level, it is my deepest belief that currently capital punishment has to argument for the be preserved in order to protect potential victims. Any consideration of the crime rate cancellation would become viable if the crime rate at least for murders goes sharply down.
At present, however, capital punishment serves as an important barrier on the way of criminals ready to take another person's life.