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nonscannable resume This application is a continuation-in-part of the scholarships students 2013 essay earlier filed U.S. Holywell. Pat. App. Ser. No. 09/468,759, filed Dec. 21, 1999 now U.S. Pat. No. 6,415,405, which was a continuation-in-part of the earlier filed U.S.
Ser. No. 09/179,330, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,118,304, filed Oct. 27, 1998, both of which are incorporated by reference for essay all purposes into this specification. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION. 1. Statement Thesis. Field of the Invention. The present invention relates to the field of testing dynamic logic and related logic families such as N-NARY logic.
More specifically, the present invention relates to scan testing of dynamic logic and N-NARY logic using on-chip circuitry. 2. Description of the Related Art. The increasing complexity of integrated circuits, often containing millions of transistors, has created a need for sophisticated test methodologies to insure functionality at multiple levels. Semiconductors must undergo some degree of functional testing before they are shipped to computer and for college students, other device manufacturers, and they must be periodically tested during further manufacturing and during their operating life to heart statement tale tell, verify continuing operability. For College Essay. One of the problems encountered in testing is the difficulty in accessing and isolating circuits that are deeply embedded in online creative, the chip. The industry has addressed this problem to some extent by implementing scan access testing techniques. Scan access refers broadly to the use of specialized serial shift registers (“scan registers”) to deliver stimulus vectors from a stimulus pattern generator to circuit nodes of interest, and to scholarships for college students 2013 essay, retrieve response data from circuit nodes of interest for 2nd ed analysis. Scan registers function as normal synchronous registers and scholarships students essay, latch data propagating through the heart tale tell thesis computational logic. However, scan registers can also be interconnected in such a way as to allow propagation of data directly from register to register upon assertion of control signals or clocks, thereby bypassing any computation logic between the registers. This provides a means whereby stimulus data may be transported directly to internal circuit nodes without propagating through computational logic, and whereby response data may be retrieved directly from internal circuit nodes without propagating through computational logic, thus allowing designers to isolate sections of logic for testing.
The benefit of students essay, scan access increases as the proportion of circuit nodes otherwise inaccessible from primary inputs and outputs increases. “Full scan” refers to an implementation of scan access wherein every register on a chip is accessible through scan. “Partial scan” refers to an implementation of scan access wherein some subset of the registers on best essay a chip is accessible through scan. Conventional scan access, i.e., propagating data through a long chain of interconnected scan registers, is inherently serial in nature. The number of clock cycles needed to essay, load or unload the dissertation headings scan chain is equal to the number of scholarships essay, registers in the chain. Gaining access to binding, internal nodes is therefore accomplished only at the cost of very long test times. Alternate scan architectures such as random access scan have been used to remedy the test time problem caused by the serial nature of scholarships for college students, scan access. Random access scan employs individually addressable registers rather than registers connected in a fixed order. This adds greater flexibility to the canadian writer, the order in which registers may be accessed, but reduces overall test time only when writing or reading some subset of the registers. Random access scan does not decrease the for college students 2013 essay total number of clock cycles needed to write or read all registers. From a test perspective, the most efficient method to implement full random access scan is to incorporate test circuitry (in addition to that needed to interconnect the scan registers) on-chip.
Placing circuitry on chip eliminates the need to develop specialized test hardware, and potentially enables desirable test options such as testing of the chip under special clock conditions, or in situ following the integration into a system-level product. However, adding test circuitry increases the area, and hence the best essay service uk review cost of the semiconductor die. When test circuitry is 2013 essay incorporated into a semiconductor, the 2009 benefit gained by increased test coverage must be traded off against the increased die area and associated cost. Scholarships 2013 Essay. Moreover, the test circuitry must not interfere with the normal operation of the chip. Because of these constraints, the ratio of 2nd ed, circuitry under test to test circuitry in current semiconductors is relatively high. Consequently, typical on-chip random access scan implementations control and students 2013, observe only the primary inputs and outputs of relatively large blocks of logic. Other desirable circuit attributes, such as internal data bus values, are not generally accessible. Moreover, while random-access scan using on-chip circuitry does significantly improve manufacturing testability, designers have been thus far unable to thesis binding holywell, capitalize on students its potential to facilitate chip debug during the design process.
In general, most test points on heart tale tell thesis a chip can only be scanned when the chip is in scholarships students 2013 essay, a “scan mode,” meaning that the clocks are stopped or slowed significantly, the statement tale thesis machine is scholarships for college essay given a set of input test vectors which propagate through the logic, and outputs are then scanned and thesis holywell, analyzed to determine whether the logic is operating properly. Thus, when a chip is in scan mode the information in a scan register is somewhat artificial, in for college students essay, that it did not arrive under normal operating conditions, and heart tell, it is the result of a test vector rather than a real application running on 2013 essay the processor. Using current techniques, processors cannot be scanned satisfactorily while running at operating speeds. A processor's clocks cannot be stopped abruptly to read a test point without causing a voltage overload in the supply network due to the very high di/dt. This limitation means that designers generally have no visibility into s world essays, what is happening internally in real time, which significantly hampers troubleshooting and for college students, debugging performance-related problems. To address this issue, designers may incorporate shadow registers at key points, which can be read in real time to provide a window into pre-identified areas. However, this solution is best essay writing less than ideal, particularly for highly complex designs, in that it requires up-front identification of points of interest. Moreover, designers must be highly selective when including shadow registers, due to chip real estate and I/O limitations.
The present invention is an improved scan approach that utilizes a RAM-like scan bus architecture to provide visibility into even deeply embedded logic within a chip. While the students essay present invention can be applied to thesis holywell, implement scan in for college students, any dynamic logic design, the advantages of the present invention are best realized in a design wherein the logic is synchronized using multiple clock domains with overlapping phases, as described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,118,304, entitled “Method and Apparatus for Logic Synchronization” (hereinafter, “the Logic Synchronization Patent”). In designs that employ this logic synchronization method, the present invention allows the processor to be stopped, information to be accessed or provided, processor state to thesis binding, be modified, and operation to be resumed, all without corrupting the machine's architectural state.
In addition, the present invention is capable of “freezing” certain gates for scanning when the processor is running at operating or near-operating speed, without the use of shadow registers. This disclosure describes the present invention in the context of a new dynamic logic family called N-NARY logic, which itself is more fully described in a U.S. Pat. No. 6,066,965, titled “Method and Apparatus for a N-NARY logic Circuit Using 1-of-4 Signals” (hereinafter, “the N-NARY Patent”). The N-NARY patent is incorporated by reference for all purposes. Those skilled in the art will understand, after reading this specification or practicing the present invention, that the present invention can be implemented in other applications that employ other logic design methodologies. Finally, this application is also related to for college essay, the following copending U.S. Patent Applications and U.S. Patents: U.S. Pat.
No. 6,118,716, filed Sep. 9, 1998; U.S. Pat. App. Ser. No. 09/206,900, filed Dec. 7, 1998; U.S. Pat. App. Ser. No.09/206,905, filed Dec. 7, 1998; U.S. Pat. App. Ser. No. 09/191,813, filed Nov. 13, 1998; U.S. Pat. App. Ser. Best Service. No. Scholarships Students 2013. 09/468,760, filed Dec. Essays. 21, 1999; and U.S. Pat. App. Scholarships For College Students. Ser. No. 09/468,972, filed Dec. 21, 1999.
These six documents are hereby incorporated by writing reference for all purposes into this specification. The present invention comprises a method and apparatus for random-access scan of a network of dynamic logic or N-NARY logic, wherein the network includes sequentially clocked precharge logic gates and one or more scan gates. Each clocked precharge logic gate and each scan gate further comprise a logic tree having one or more evaluate nodes, a precharge circuit, an evaluate circuit, and scholarships for college 2013 essay, one or more output buffers. Each scan gate further comprises a scan circuit that accepts scan control signals and couples to tale, one or more scan registers. A scan control circuit generates scan control signals which operate to capture the state of the scholarships essay output buffers of the scan gate and provide that state to one or more scan registers. Scan control signals also operate to force the output buffers of the scan gate to a preselected level, which then propagates through the network to create an essays 2009 output state on scholarships for college essay the next scan gate in statement tale tell, the network, which can then be read and compared to students, an expected output state given the output state of the chapter headings previous scan gate. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. To further aid in understanding the invention, the attached drawings help illustrate specific features of the invention and the following is for college students 2013 essay a brief description of the attached drawings: FIG. 1 is a block diagram of an N-NARY logic circuit.
FIGS. 2A, 2 B, 2 C, and 2 D illustrate buffer devices used in N-NARY logic. FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of an N-NARY logic circuit. FIG. 4 illustrates a series of tale tell thesis, logic circuits with a multiple phase logic synchronization system. FIG. 5 illustrates the multiple overlapping clock phases used in the present invention. FIG.
6 is an scholarships for college students 2013 embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 7 illustrates a scan circuit used in the present invention. FIG. 8 illustrates an the canadian writer 2nd ed embodiment of the scan architecture used in the present invention. FIG.
9 shows a network of gates using a multiple phase logic synchronization system wherein all phase 0 gates are scan gates. FIG. 10 shows the relationship between the scholarships for college logic synchronization clock control signals and the scan control signals for at-speed state capture, according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 11 shows the relationship between the logic synchronization clock control signals and the scan control signals for single-stepped or slow-clock scan mode, according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 12 shows another embodiment of the scan architecture used in the present invention.
FIG. 13 shows a network of tale thesis, gates using a multiple phase logic synchronization system wherein all phase 0 gates are scan gates, according to the second embodiment of the for college essay present invention. FIG. 14 shows the relationship between the master clock, the logic synchronization clock signals, and the scan control signals for scan according to tale tell, the second embodiment of the present invention. FIG. Scholarships For College Students 2013. 15 shows another embodiment of the scan architecture used in heart tale, the present invention. FIG. 16 shows the relationship between the master clock, the sequentially generated logic clock signals, and the scan control signals during the scan write process, according to the third embodiment of the present invention. FIG.
17 shows the relationship between the master clock, the scholarships 2013 essay sequentially generated logic clock signals, and the scan control signals during the scan read process, according to the third embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 18 shows a network of best essay writing service uk review, gates using a multiple phase logic synchronization system wherein all phase 0 gates are scan gates, according to the third embodiment of the present invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION. The present invention comprises a method and apparatus to scan N-NARY or other dynamic logic circuits using a RAM-like bus architecture and careful control of the clock input to selected scan gates. 2013 Essay. This disclosure describes numerous specific details that include specific structures, circuits, and logic functions in order to provide a thorough understanding of the the canadian writer s world present invention. For College Students. One skilled in the art will appreciate that one may practice the present invention without these specific details.
N-NARY logic is a novel logic family that uses a novel signal, a 1 of N signal, to convey information. An N-NARY logic circuit comprises a logic tree circuit that evaluates one or more input signals and produces an output signal. A single 1 of oxford binding holywell, N signal comprises a bundle of N wires routed together between different cells (or different logic circuits). A 1 of N signal uses a 1 of scholarships for college 2013 essay, N encoding to indicate multiple values of information conveyed by writer essays the bundle of scholarships for college essay, wires of the 1 of N signal where at thesis binding holywell most one and scholarships for college students 2013, only one wire of the bundle of wires of the 1 of N signal is true during an evaluation cycle. Chapter. Additionally, the 1 of N encoding provides a not valid value (a null value) where zero wires of the bundle of wires of the 1 of N signal is true during an evaluation cycle. FIG.
1 is a block diagram of an N-NARY logic circuit that illustrates a circuit of scholarships students 2013, N-NARY logic using two sets of 1 of best essay writing, 4 signals for the input signals and a 1 of 4 signal for scholarships for college 2013 essay the output signal. This circuit describes a 2 bit logic gate (a dit) where A is a 2 bit input, B is heart a 2 bit input, and O is a 2 bit output. In other words, a dit device produces 2 output bits. Students Essay. A device 60 comprises a logic tree circuit 61 , a precharge circuit 31 , and an evaluate circuit 36 . Coupled to the logic tree circuit is the 2 bit input signal A, which is a 1 of 4 signal that comprises a plurality of thesis binding, input values A 0 , A 1 , A 2 , and A 3 and their associated wires or logic paths using a 1 of 4 encoding. For College. Additionally coupled to the logic tree circuit is the 2 bit input B, which is another 1 of 4 signal that comprises a plurality of oxford binding, input values B 0 , B 1 , B 2 , and B 3 and their associated wires or logic paths using a 1 of 4 encoding. Scholarships For College Students 2013 Essay. Coupled to the logic tree circuit is the 2 bit output O, which is a 1 of 4 signal that comprises a plurality of output values O 0 , O 1 , O 2 , and O 3 and tell thesis, their associated wires or logic paths using a 1 of 4 encoding. The logic tree circuit 61 performs a logic function on a plurality of scholarships 2013, input signals that could comprise a variety of functions, for example, the Boolean logic functions AND/NAND, OR/NOR, or XOR/Equivalence. A precharge circuit 31 couples to the logic tree circuit 61 and precharges the creative dynamic logic of the scholarships for college students 2013 essay logic tree circuit.
Each evaluation path of the logic tree circuit has its own precharge P-FET. And, coupled to the precharge circuit 31 is the clock signal CK where a low clock signal on CK will cause the statement P-FETs to charge. An evaluate circuit 36 couples to the logic tree circuit and scholarships essay, controls the evaluation of the logic tree circuit. And, coupled to the evaluate circuit 36 is the clock signal CK where a high clock signal on CK will cause the N-FET in the evaluate circuit to evaluate. As shown in FIG.
1, output buffers 34 couple to online submissions, the wires of the plurality of output signals. FIGS. Scholarships Students. 2A, 2 B, 2 C, and 2 D provide four embodiments of buffer device 34 used in N-NARY logic. FIG. 2A shows a CMOS inverter that inverts the signal on an output logic path. FIG. 2B shows an embodiment of output buffer 34 that is preferred for most N-NARY gates that includes the CMOS inverter that inverts the signal and a feed back keeper transistor that maintains the level of the dynamic node before the signal evaluates.
The PFET keeper transistor gives the logic gate a static capability. Additionally, this type of output buffer compensates for essay parasitic leakages and allows for low speed functionality. The FIG. 2B output buffer 34 is called a half-keeper output buffer. FIG. 2C shows another embodiment of scholarships for college, output buffer 34 that is known as a “full keeper buffer.” As shown in chapter, FIG.
2C, a full keeper buffer includes the inverter, the PFET keeper feedback transistor, and scholarships for college students, an additional NFET feedback transistor tied to statement tale tell, ground. Those skilled in the art will recognize that FIG. For College Students 2013 Essay. 2D is submissions creative writing simply another schematic representation of the FIG. 2C full keeper buffer, where the scholarships two transistors have been replaced with a CMOS inverter. FIG. 3 is the canadian essays 2nd ed a schematic diagram of an scholarships students essay N-NARY logic circuit using a 1 of 4 encoding, where the logic tree 61 comprises the OR/NOR function. One skilled in the art will appreciate that one function is the inverse of the other function. To reduce adding additional capacitance to the device, N-NARY logic uses a single, shared logic tree with multiple evaluation paths for evaluating the dissertation headings function of the logic circuit and for scholarships students generating the plurality output signals coupled to the logic circuit. Scholarship Essays 2009. The multiple evaluation paths further comprise the internal evaluate nodes E 0 , E 1 , E 2 , and E 3 . In this circuit, precharge circuit 31 comprises four P-FETs that quickly and fully precharge all of the dynamic logic in the logic tree circuit during the precharge phase of the clock cycle. As shown in FIG. 3, each evaluation path of the logic tree circuit has its own precharge P-FET.
Clock signal CK is for college 2013 coupled to the precharge circuit 31 . When the clock signal is low, circuit 31 precharges the N-FETs in the logic tree circuit 61 . The evaluate circuit 36 comprises a single evaluation transistor, which aids in the speed of the oxford thesis holywell clocking of the device and helps avoid races between other devices. Other circuits may use multiple evaluation devices. As shown in FIG. 3, clock signal CK couples to evaluate circuit 36 . When the clock signal is high, the evaluate circuit 36 evaluates the scholarships for college students 2013 essay logic tree circuit 61 . FIG. 4 illustrates a network of logic circuits or gates with a multiple phase logic synchronization scheme that uses a six phase clocking system with the clocks CK 0 , CK 1 , CK 2 , CK 3 , CK 4 , and CK 5 . Best Service Uk Review. The network 160 comprises a datapath 166 , an input signal 162 , and an output signal 164 . The datapath 166 comprises one or more wires that propagate the signals through the network. For example, the datapath 166 may comprise one or more N-NARY signals. Additionally, the input signal 162 and the output signal 164 may comprise signals that use N-NARY encoding.
The series of logic circuits 160 comprises the logic circuits 168 , 170 , 172 , 174 , 176 , 178 , 180 , 182 , 184 , 186 , 188 , and 190 coupled in series to the datapath 166 . In FIG. Scholarships Essay. 4, the logic circuits 168 , 170 , 172 , 174 , 176 , 178 , 180 , 182 , 184 , 186 , 188 , and 190 may comprise N-NARY logic circuits. Additionally, each logic circuit may further comprise one or more additional logic circuits. FIG. 5 illustrates the multiple overlapping clock phase scheme that is the online creative writing preferred timing and for college students essay, logic synchronization methodology for the present invention.
In FIG. 5, te is the evaluate phase of the clock cycle, and oxford thesis holywell, tp is the students 2013 precharge phase of the clock cycle. Heart Statement Tale. Additionally, each individual clock has a 50% duty cycle. The phases of the different clocks are such that the phase of an individual clock signal overlaps the phase of an earlier clock signal by an amount approximately equal to the amount it overlaps of the phase of the next clock signal. FIG. 5 illustrates an M-phase clocking system, where M=6, with clocks CK 0 , CK 1 , CK 2 , CK 3 , CK 4 , and CK 5 . Reference 256 illustrates the 2013 essay propagation of the “wave” of the evaluate cycles of the different clocks. Binding. For further background and detail on this logic synchronization methodology, the reader is referred to the Logic Synchronization Patent. As shown in FIG.
4, the scholarships for college students 2013 logic circuits are coupled together such that, in general, the input of a logic circuit that receives a particular phase logic clock signal (e.g., a phase 3 logic clock signal) comprises the output of the previous logic circuit, which receives the immediately preceding logic clock signal (e.g., a phase 2 logic clock signal), and the output of the writing logic circuit that receives the particular clock signal comprises an input to the next logic circuit that receives the immediately following logic clock signal (in this example, a phase 4 logic clock signal). In a preferred embodiment, the master or global clock signal is supplied to the network from 2013, a central bus structure referred to in this specification as the “clock spine.” The M logic clock signals are generated at one or more clock generation sites coupled to oxford thesis binding, the clock spine. In other embodiments, the clock spine may include other useful clock-related signals (such as, for example, the inverse of the global clock signal), or even one or more of the 2013 essay individual logic clock signals. In this specification, a network of logic gates such as that depicted in chapter, FIG. 4 wherein the logic propagation is synchronized using an evaluate “wave” produced by multiple overlapping clock signals, such as that shown in for college students essay, FIG. 5, is referred to as a “sequentially clocked precharge logic network,” the gates therein are referred to as “sequentially clocked precharge logic gates,” and the clock signals are “sequentially generated” with a “sequential delay” between the oxford thesis holywell individual clock signals. Similarly, when referring to individual sequentially generated logic clock signals, the first clock signal that rises and falls after a specific logic clock signal is said to “immediately follow” that specific clock signal; the signal that rises and falls just before a specific logic clock signal rises and falls is said to “immediately precede” the specific logic clock signal. For College 2013 Essay. In other words, in FIG.
5, CK 0 immediately precedes CK 1 because CK 0 is the apa 6 dissertation headings signal that rises before CK 1 rises and for college, falls before CK 1 falls. Likewise, CK 1 immediately follows CK 0 because CK 1 is the first clock signal that rises after CK 0 rises and falls after CK 1 falls. Finally, as explained in more detail in holywell, the Logic Synchronization Patent, some of the individual logic clock signals are triggered from the scholarships for college students 2013 rising edge of a master clock signal (not shown in FIG. 5) and some of the chapter headings individual clock signals are triggered from the falling edge of the scholarships 2013 essay master clock signal. Those skilled in the art will recognize that it is the designer's choice of which clock signals trigger from the master clock's rising and/or falling edge; it is the arrangement of multiple overlapping clock signals that provides a “wave” of evaluate cycles that provides the novel logic synchronization and timing methodology shown and writer s world, described in for college students, the Logic Synchronization Patent.
FIG. 5 also illustrates two additional clock signals, CK(E) and CK(P). The preferred embodiment of the present invention requires the precharge clock CK(P) to be controlled separately from the evaluate clock CK(E). By convention, the phase 0 clock, CK 0 , is the reference clock for the two separate clocks CK(E) and submissions creative, CK(P). One skilled in the art will appreciate that it is possible to use other conventions for logic synchronization, for example, an M-phase clocking system where M=4, which would use clock signals CK 0 , CK 1 , CK 2 , and CK 3 . Similarly, it is possible to use other phase clock signals (e.g., CK 1 or CK 4 ) for the CK(P) and CK(E) references. FIG. 6 is one embodiment of the present invention that comprises an N-NARY logic circuit 300 . N-NARY logic circuit 300 comprises a logic tree 302 that performs a logic function on the two N-NARY input signals A and B to generate an output N-NARY signal Z. The N-NARY input signal A comprises the input values A 0 , A 1 , A 2 , and A 3 and their associated wires; the N-NARY input signal B comprises the input values B 0 , B 1 , B 2 , and B 3 and their associated wires; and the N-NARY output signal Z comprises the output values Z 0 , Z 1 , Z 2 , and Z 3 and their associated wires. The logic circuit 300 additionally comprises the scholarships 2013 essay precharge circuit 31 that receives the essays 2009 precharge clock CK(P) (one component of the phase 0 clock, as described above). And, the logic circuit 300 comprises the evaluate device 36 that receives the evaluate clock CK(E) (another component of the phase 0 clock) Output buffers 34 couple to the wires of the output signal Z. As shown in FIG. Scholarships. 6, N-NARY circuit 300 also includes scan circuits 306 coupled to each wire of output signal Z around the oxford holywell output buffers 34 . Each scan circuit 306 comprises a scan write component 306 a and a scan read component 306 b . For College Students. Each scan circuit 306 couples via scan control lines to a scan control circuit (not shown in FIG.
6 ), and also to one or more scan registers via scan data lines (not shown in heart tell, FIG. Scholarships For College 2013. 6 ). As described more fully in the Stress Mode patent referenced above, N-NARY circuit 300 may also include stress state generation circuits that couple to state generation control circuits that provide the ability to dissertation, stress test the N-NARY circuits. Those skilled in the art will recognize that stress testing is students 2013 essay generally unrelated to scan. However, the stress state generation circuits may be conveniently combined with the scan circuits 306 to produce a dual-function test circuit coupled to each output line that performs both scan and stress mode testing, as described more completely in the Stress Mode patent. FIG. Heart Statement Tale Thesis. 7 shows one embodiment of a scan circuit 306 . Essay. The scan write component 306 a comprises write N-FET transistor 400 and inverter 404 . The scan read component 306 b comprises read N-FET transistor 402 . Scan circuit 306 couples to output line Z n around full keeper output buffer 34 as shown.
Write transistor 400 is statement tale tell thesis controlled by scan control signals 406 and 408 . Read transistor 402 is scholarships for college 2013 essay controlled by scan control signal 410 . Information is transported into oxford, and out of the scan circuit 306 over scan data lines 412 . FIG. 2013 Essay. 8 shows one embodiment of the s world essays complete architecture of the present invention, in scholarships for college 2013 essay, the context of a 1-of-3 N-NARY circuit. In this specification, an N-NARY circuit that includes the essay service necessary components for scan is scholarships referred to apa 6 dissertation chapter headings, as a “scan gate.” In normal operation, all scan gates function as normal N-NARY gates, receiving input signals, performing their logic function, and scholarships essay, providing output signals that become inputs for the next gate. By convention, all Phase 0 gates are selected to be scan gates, however, those skilled in heart tell, the art will appreciate that the scan architecture and techniques disclosed herein could be practiced using other phase gates as scan gates without departing from the present invention. As shown in FIG. 8, scan gate 500 includes logic tree 502 that performs a logic function on for college 2013 essay its two 1-of-3 input signals, A and B, to scholarship essays 2009, produce a 1-of-3 N-NARY output signal, Z. Precharge circuit 32 and for college 2013 essay, evaluate circuit 36 couple to N-NARY logic tree 502 . A full keeper output buffer 34 and essays, a scan circuit 306 couple to each output wire. Each scan circuit 306 includes write transistor 400 , read transistor 402 , and inverter 404 . Each scan circuit 306 connects to scholarships students, a separate scan data line 412 a , 412 b , and 412 c , each of which connects through a read/write driver 414 to the scan register 416 in an arrangement similar to commonly-known RAM architecture. As shown in FIG. Apa 6 Dissertation Chapter. 8, scan data lines 412 a , 412 b , and 412 c also connect to the output wires of other scan gates in other rows on a device that employs the present invention scan architecture and methodology.
The present invention also includes scan control circuit 304 , which has output signals 406 , 407 , 410 , 418 , and 420 . Scan Enable (SEN) signal 420 is asserted when the system is in for college students essay, scan mode to control the timing of the scan gates, as explained in more detail below. Write signal 406 is asserted when the system is in scan mode and the wires of the output signal Z are to be forced to the value in the scan register 416 . Read signal 410 is asserted when the system is in essays, scan mode and for college students 2013, the value on service each wire of the output signal Z is to be loaded into the scan register 416 , which can then be scanned out in serial fashion. Reset signal 407 is asserted during the reset sequence to reset the circuit for normal operation, as described in further detail below. Scan Precharge signal 418 is asserted to precharge the scan gates for writing during scan. In scan mode, when the Read signal 410 is high and Write signal 408 and Reset signal 407 are low, read transistors 402 conduct, write transistors 400 are open, and the current state of the output lines Z 0 , Z 1 , and Z 2 is for college students 2013 scanned and loaded into the scan register 416 via scan data lines 412 and read/write drivers 414 . To write to a scan gate, Scan Precharge 418 is asserted to drive the evaluate nodes high.
When the Read signal 410 is low, Reset 407 is low, and Write 408 is high, read/write drivers 414 pull scan data lines 412 high or low, depending upon the bit value in scholarship essays 2009, the scan register 416 . Within each scan circuit 306 write transistors 400 conduct, and read transistors 410 are open. The voltage on the scan data lines 412 is inverted by inverters 404 , and the value of the evaluate node E 0 is forced to the inverted value on for college 2013 essay the scan data line 412 a , the value of E 1 is forced to the inverted value on apa 6 headings 412 b , and the value of E 2 is scholarships for college essay forced to the inverted value on 412 c . These inverted values are then inverted once again in output buffers 34 , and the values of Z 0 , Z 1 , and oxford thesis, Z 2 are forced to the values in scholarships for college students 2013, the scan register. Writing to a scan gate will occasionally require forcing an evaluate node that is high to the low state. This is online creative one reason why a full keeper output buffer, with its extra NFET feedback transistor, is scholarships 2013 essay used on all scan gates. Also, since both the precharge and evaluate clocks are turned off just before a scan read (the status and relationship between the various clock signals during scan is discussed in detail below), a full keeper holds the evaluate nodes at the state they were in thesis binding, when the clocks were turned off so that they can be read. Note that the write transistor 400 in the scan circuit 306 coupled to output wire Z 2 is scholarships for college students driven by scholarship essays 2009 the Write-or-Reset (WOR) signal 408 , while all other write transistors 400 in the other scan circuits 306 are driven by the Write signal 406 . As shown in FIG. Scholarships Students. 8, the WOR signal 408 is generated by OR'ing the Write signal 406 with the Reset signal 407 . In scan mode, when the write signal 406 is best essay writing service uk review asserted and the reset signal 407 is scholarships for college essay not asserted, the scan circuit 306 that accepts the WOR signal 408 behaves like the other scan circuits 306 , as described above. Binding. However, in reset mode, when the reset signal 407 is asserted and neither the write signal 406 nor the read signal 410 is for college asserted, only the write transistor 400 in the scan circuit 306 that accepts the WOR signal 408 will conduct. The resulting output condition is defined by convention to chapter headings, be a reset condition, as described in further detail below. The present invention requires that one and only one output wire of the N-NARY output signal of a scan gate must couple to a scan circuit 306 that includes a write transistor 400 that is driven by the WOR signal 408 rather than the students essay Write signal 406 . To reset the system and resume normal operation after exiting scan, the output lines of each scan gate are forced to a predetermined reset condition.
For example, in the embodiment shown in apa 6 dissertation chapter, FIG. 8, the system is reset by forcing Z 0 and Z 1 , low and Z 2 high. This is accomplished by first precharging the evaluate nodes E 0 , E 1 , and E 2 , and students essay, then asserting the WOR signal 408 , which pulls E 2 low. The output buffers 34 then invert the heart tale state of the evaluate nodes, and the resulting condition is Z 0 and Z 1 low and Z 2 high. Scholarships For College Students 2013. When every scan gate is in this output state, the system is reset. FIG. 9 shows a network 560 of N-NARY gates, much like FIG.
4, except that in FIG. 9, the Phase 0 gates (those whose precharge and evaluate circuits were driven by CK 0 , designated 168 and 180 in FIG. 4) are now designated as scan gates 568 and 580 . In other words, gates 568 and 580 are scan gates in network 560 and thus include the extra scan-related components and circuitry on their output lines as shown in FIG. Oxford Thesis. 8 . Furthermore, as discussed above, in scan gates the precharge and evaluate clocks must be separately controlled. Therefore, the clock signal CK 0 to gates 168 and scholarships for college students 2013 essay, 180 in FIG. 2009. 4 has been replaced with two signals, CK(P) and CK(E) in scholarships students 2013, FIG. 9 . In normal operation, CK(P) and CK(E) are identical to CK 0 , the scan related circuitry is quiescent, and essay, the network 560 behaves the same as network 160 in FIG.
4 . FIG. 10 illustrates the relationships between the various clock signals when a network of logic that is clocked using a six-phase logic synchronization methodology is placed into scan mode to scan the output state of the scan gates. FIG. 10 and the following text demonstrate how the output state of each scan gate can be captured when the scholarships students network is running at operating speed. As noted above, the ability to capture the output state of gates that are running at s world essays operating speed is an important performance improvement over for college students, existing scan methods and architectures. FIG. 10 shows the global clock signal, CLK, at the top, followed by the six sequentially generated overlapping clock signals CK 0 through CK 5 that synchronize the creative propagation of signals through the networked logic gates. In this embodiment, CK 4 , CK 5 , and scholarships students 2013, CK 0 are triggered from the falling edge of CLK, and CK 1 , CK 2 , and CK 3 are triggered from the rising edge of writing, CLK. As discussed above, CK(P) and CK(E), the two signals at the bottom of FIG.
10, start out identical to CK 0 . FIG. 10 shows four full Phase 0 clock cycles, designated as 602 , 604 , 606 , and 608 . As explained in further detail below, the “capture” cycle in the sequence depicted in FIG. 10 is cycle 606 . SEN is a global Scan Enable signal that is distributed through a series of latches or static registers that fan out over the design. For College Students 2013 Essay. The final level of scholarship 2009, SEN arrives at for college students the input to the clock generation logic of all the scan gates in the design. SEN is asserted 610 at this input when the Phase 1 clock goes low 609 , shortly after the master clock CLK falls 612 but before CK 0 goes high at 614 . The next Phase 0 high time, ( 616 in FIG. 10) starts the phase whose state will be captured in the scan gates ( 606 in FIG. 10 ). At each local Phase 0 clock generation site on the clock spine, SEN is further latched to best writing, produce SENP and SENE. SENP is latched from SEN by CK 1 going high at 618 . This causes SENP to go high shortly after CLK goes high and before CK 0 can fall. SENP is scholarships 2013 essay OR'ed with CK 0 to creative writing, produce CK(P). Therefore, when SENP goes high, CK(P) is already high because CK 0 is high.
However, when CK 0 falls at scholarships 620 , CK(P) remains high, because SENP is high. SENE is latched from SENP by CK 1 going low at 622 . This causes SENE to go high shortly after CLK falls but before the next CK 0 rising edge can occur. The inverse of SENE is ANDed with CK 0 to produce CK(E). Thus, CK(E) is high when CK 0 is high and SENE is low. When SENE is latched high at creative writing 624 , CK(E) is prevented from rising again by the inverse of SENE. Therefore, at the beginning of the for college students 2013 essay capture phase 606 , each Phase 0 scan gate is “frozen.” SEN, SENE, and SENP are all asserted. The scan gates precharged and evaluated in apa 6 chapter headings, the prior phase, but are prevented from scholarships students, precharging and evaluating again because CK(P) is latched high and CK(E) is latched low. The value on each output line of each scan gate is thus available for best essay writing service scan. As long as global SEN remains asserted, CLK can continue to toggle (producing phases 1 - 5 as usual) but all phase 0 scan gates will continue to hold the state that they were in at the end of phase 604 . To scan the scan gates, CLK must be stopped when it is students 2013 essay low. Stopping CLK at submissions creative writing 626 , shortly before it rises, puts the Phase 1 , 2 , and 3 gates in precharge and provides a quiet electrical environment for scan reading and writing. Although not shown in 2013, FIG.
10, if the network is running at speed, those skilled in the art will recognize that the oxford holywell clock should ordinarily not be stopped abruptly, but rather, the clock rate should be ramped down over a number of phases to avoid overload problems caused by a large negative di/dt. Reference 626 in FIG. 10 is intended to illustrate a point when CLK, CK 1 , CK 2 , and CK 3 are all low, corresponding to for college students essay, the precharge state for Phase 1 , 2 , and 3 gates. Those skilled in the art will recognize that stopping the clock abruptly at 626 , one clock cycle after freezing the output state of the the canadian s world 2nd ed scan gates, would likely cause di/dt problems. When CLK is stopped, the scholarships for college 2013 scan registers can be read and the state of the scan gate outputs can be determined. Additionally, if desired, the apa 6 state of the scan gate outputs can be modified by scholarships for college essay writing to the scan gates from the scan registers. The present invention provides the ability to write to the scan gates during the scan period without incorporating additional transistors (beyond the additional scan circuitry shown in FIG.
8) into the scan gates' structure. To write to a selected row of scan gates, the scan gates are first precharged and then conditionally discharged via the scan write transistors 400 . This is accomplished by providing a scan precharge signal SPRE ( 418 in FIG. 8) that overrides SENP, and provides a low-going pulse on CK(P) for the row of scan gates to be written to. (Recall that SENP is creative ordinarily high during scan periods, keeping CK(P) high and for college students, preventing the heart statement tale tell thesis scan gates from precharging normally.) If continued operation is desirable, the CLK can be restarted. Scholarships Students 2013. To continue at statement tale thesis operating speeds, CLK must be ramped up over scholarships students 2013 essay, a number of dissertation, cycles, this time to scholarships for college students 2013, avoid source the creation of undesired speed paths due to large di/dt. When CLK is started again, the Phase 1 - 5 clocks will resume toggling, and the state of the Phase 0 scan gates (whether they have been modified by writing to them during scan or not) will propagate through the Phase 1 - 5 gates. The Phase 0 gates will remain frozen (in their modified state, if they were modified during scan or in their original state, if they were not) as long as SEN is asserted, because CK(P) will be held high and CK(E) will be held low, preventing the scan gates from precharging or evaluating. To exit scan mode, SEN is deasserted. Online Submissions Creative. This causes SENP to fall when CK 1 rises due to the rise of CLK. 2013 Essay. Because CK(P) is created by OR'ing CK 0 and SENP, when SENP falls, CK(P) will fall, causing the online submissions creative writing scan gates to precharge.
Similarly, after SEN is deasserted, SENE will fall after the next CK 1 falling edge, shortly after the master clock CLK falls. Students. When SENE falls, its inverse rises, and essays 2009, the AND gate that produces CK(E) will allow CK(E) to for college 2013 essay, rise when CK 0 next rises. At this point, CK(P) and CK(E) are re-synchronized with CK 0 , and the Phase 0 scan gates return to normal operation, precharging and evaluating every clock cycle. FIG. 11 illustrates the relationships between the various clock signals when “stepping through” operations, as might occur when the scan gates are read or written to at each step. This single-step mode of apa 6 dissertation chapter, operation is most useful for examining or troubleshooting specific areas in the logic, and for loading and executing test vectors. In this mode, the master clock CLK toggles very slowly and irregularly. For convenience only, FIG. 11 shows CLK and its various derivative clocks as symmetrical, but in 2013 essay, reality, the shaded region (where CLK is low during scan) will be a much longer period of time than other parts of the s world waveform. In addition, since CLK in scholarships for college students, this mode is very slow compared to heart tale thesis, normal operation, the delay between CLK's rising edge and the rising edges of CK 1 -CK 3 and scholarships for college students essay, failing edges of CK 4 -CK 0 (all generated from CLK's rising edge) is not as pronounced in apa 6 chapter, FIG.
11 as in FIG. 10, where the for college clock signals are intended to represent full speed operation. The same is true regarding the derivative clocks CK(P) and CK(E) and the other CLK-related signals SENE and SENP. In single step operation, SEN is toggled every clock cycle. SEN goes high at writing uk review the input to the scan gates' clock generation logic when the Phase 1 clock goes low at scholarships for college 2013 709 , shortly after the master clock CLK falls 712 but before CK 0 goes high at 714 . As in full speed operation, SENP is latched from statement, SEN by CK 1 going high at 718 . For College. This causes SENP to go high shortly after CLK goes high and before CK 0 can fall. Again as in full speed operation, when SENP goes high, CK(P) is already high because CK 0 is high.
However, when CK 0 falls at 720 , CK(P) remains high, because SENP (which, as the reader will recall from the previous discussion, is OR'ed with CK 0 to produce CK(P)) is high. SENE is latched from SENP by scholarship essays CK 1 going low at 722 . This causes SENE to go high shortly after CLK falls but before the for college 2013 essay next CK 0 rising edge can occur. Because the inverse of SENE is ANDed with CK 0 to produce CK(E), CK(E) is high when CK 0 is high and SENE is apa 6 dissertation headings low. When SENE is latched high at 724 , CK(E) is essay prevented from rising again by the inverse of heart statement tell, SENE. Reading and optional writing of the scholarships 2013 state of the scan gates can now occur (the shaded regions 730 on apa 6 chapter headings FIG. 11 ). As discussed above, the duration of the scan periods 730 will be much longer than implied by the clock signals depicted in FIG. 11 . In single step operation, during the scan periods 730 , the clock is either stopped completely or is running very slowly to provide sufficient time to scholarships for college 2013, read the scan registers or load test vectors. As shown in FIG. Dissertation. 11, SEN is for college students essay deasserted at 732 , just after the Phase 1 clock goes low at 722 , but prior to the first shaded scan period 730 . Writer. SENE and SENP stay high during the scan period (recall that SENP is latched by a Phase 1 high clock, and SENE is latched from scholarships for college 2013, SENP. S World Essays. When CLK is stopped during the scan period 730 , CK 1 stays low.
Therefore, during each scan period 730 , SEN has been deasserted, but has not yet toggled SENE, SENP, CK(P) or CK(E). After reading (or writing) during the scholarships for college students 2013 essay scan period 730 , CLK can be restarted or stepped to the next cycle. At this point, CLK goes high, causing CK 0 , CK 1 , and SENP SENE, CK(P) and CK(E) to toggle as shown in FIG. 11 and as described above in connection with full-speed operation. After the next falling CLK and online submissions creative, CK 1 , SEN is again asserted, and the process repeats again as shown in FIG. 11 . Scholarships Students Essay. Therefore, in single step or slow clock operation, scan gates can be read or written to every second clock cycle. This allows logic to propagate from a Phase 0 gate through the rest of the gates before the next scan cycle. This scan timing arrangement is ideal for executing test vectors and then recording results. This is accomplished by reading a scan gate's output state during a scan period 730 and then writing an input vector to the gate. The clock is oxford binding then restarted, and the vector propagates state through the Phase 1 - 5 gates to the next Phase 0 scan gate. The clock is then stopped for the next scan period, and the output state of that gate read and compared to the expected result.
FIG. 12 shows an scholarships for college students essay alternative embodiment of writer essays, scan gate 500 , designated 800 . FIG. 12 is similar to FIG. For College 2013. 8, except that scan circuit 306 has been replaced by an alternative scan circuit 806 , and scan control signals ZWOR 824 and ZWRITE 826 have been added while the scan precharge signal SPRE 418 has been eliminated. CK(P) and CK(E) are now generated inside the scan gate 800 , and WRITE 406 and WOR 408 are now buffered. As shown in 2009, FIG. 12, scan circuit 806 includes three NFET transistors 810 , 816 , and 818 , and two PFET transistors 812 and 814 . When the scholarships for college students read signal 410 is high, read transistor 810 conducts and the state of the s world essays 2nd ed output signals Z 0 , Z 1 , and scholarships for college students, Z 2 is provided to the scan register 416 through scan data lines 412 a , 412 b , and 412 c. When WRITE 406 is statement high, ZWRITE 826 is low, and both write transistors 814 and 816 conduct.
If any of the output wires Z 0 , Z 1 , or Z 2 is to be forced low, then the value on the corresponding scan data line 412 a , 412 b , or 412 c will be low, transistor 812 will be turned on, and transistor 818 will be off. Transistor 812 will discharge through transistor 814 to the evaluate node and the output buffer 34 will invert the high value such that the value on the output line is low. Conversely, if the output wire is to be forced high, then the value on the corresponding scan data line will be high and for college students 2013 essay, transistor 818 will conduct while transistor 812 will be open. The evaluate node will be connected to ground through transistors 816 and 818 , and the output buffer 34 will invert the low to a high outgoing signal on the output wire. Those skilled in the art will recognize that the scan write architecture shown in scholarship, FIG. 12, in for college students essay, particular the tri-state inverter, eliminates the need to precharge the gate to drive high evaluate nodes to a low state. Consequently, SPRE 418 is no longer needed. As was the case previously in scan gate 500 , one and only one output line of an N-NARY scan gate 800 is thesis connected to a scan circuit 806 wherein the gate of the write transistors couples to the write-or-reset signal WOR 408 . For College Students Essay. In the embodiment shown in FIG.
12, WOR 408 has an inverse, ZWOR 824 . These signals operate with the write transistors 814 and 818 to best writing, write to the gate, and to reset the system, as described previously. While FIG. 12 shows clock signals CK(P) as an input to the precharge circuit 32 , and CK(E) as an input to the evaluate circuit 36 , just as those inputs were shown in FIG. 8, these clock signals to the precharge circuit 32 and evaluate circuit 36 are now generated inside of scan gate 800 , rather than at scholarships for college essay the gate's clock generation site on the clock spine. Therefore, scan gate 800 has only a single clock input, CKS, that is the same as CK 3 , which is basically an inverted version of apa 6 headings, CK 0 , as shown in FIGS.
10 and 11. CKS enters scan gate 800 and scholarships 2013 essay, is inverted to apa 6 chapter headings, precharge the logic tree 502 . CKS is also NOR'ed together with SEN 420 to produce CK(E). For College. Therefore, when CKS is statement tell thesis high, (corresponding to the same time that CK 0 is low) CK(P) is low and the logic tree 502 precharges. CK(E) is also low. When CKS goes low, both CK(P) and CK(E) are high, and the logic tree 502 evaluates. In scan mode, when SEN 420 is enabled or high, CKS and CK(P) will continue to for college students essay, cycle between high and low, but CK(E) will always stay low, and the logic tree 502 will never evaluate. When SEN 420 is deasserted, CK(E) will resume cycling according to apa 6 dissertation chapter, CKS. Therefore, this clock scheme functions just like the clocking arrangement described in conjunction with the scan architecture shown in FIG. Scholarships For College 2013. 8 and the clock signals shown in online submissions writing, FIGS. 10 and students 2013, 11, except that in apa 6 headings, this clocking arrangement, neither SENE nor SENP are needed or generated. FIG.
13 shows two scan gates embedded in a network of for college essay, dynamic logic. FIG. Heart Tale Tell Thesis. 13 is similar to FIG. 9, except that in FIG. 13, network 860 includes scan gates 868 and 880 , which are implemented in the alternative embodiment 800 shown in FIG. 12 . Accordingly, the clock inputs to the scan gates (CK(P) and CK(E) in scholarships for college students 2013, FIG. 9) have been replaced by CKS. Those skilled in the art will recognize that the architecture and clocking arrangement shown in oxford holywell, FIG. 12 has some advantages over scholarships students 2013 essay, that shown in FIG.
8 . First, the scan gate clock generation is simpler. This provides layout and floorplanning advantages. Moreover, decoupling the scan logic from the online creative Phase 0 clock generation sites facilitates the use of 64-bit virtual scan rows, which may comprise less than one or more than several physical rows, depending upon the scannable bit population of each physical row. Also, the distribution of SEN over students, the design no longer needs to be synchronous and high-speed. However, the architecture and clocking arrangement shown in FIG. 12 only allows for the at-speed capture of the state of the scan gates if the design can tolerate the power supply overshoot caused by submissions creative writing a high negative di/dt.
In this embodiment, CK(P) will continue to toggle as long as CKS toggles. Therefore, to capture a certain output state, CKS must be stopped abruptly to scholarships students essay, prevent CK(P) from precharging the writing logic tree and for college 2013 essay, destroying the output state of the scan gate. The FIG. 12 architecture and clocking arrangement does support slow clock or stepped operation, as described in conjunction with FIG. The Canadian. 11, although the behavior of CK(E) is slightly different, as shown in FIG. 14 . FIG. 14 depicts the operation of the clocks relative to each other during stepped operation scan using the scan architecture shown in FIG. For College Essay. 12 . Dissertation Headings. Like the scholarships essay prior description of stepped operation provided in heart statement tell, conjunction with FIG.
11, the scholarships for college students essay duration of the scan periods 730 will be much longer than implied by the clock signals depicted in FIG. 14 . Statement Tale. In single step operation, during the scan periods 730 , the clock is either stopped completely or is running very slowly to provide sufficient time to read the scan registers or load test vectors. Likewise, as described previously, the scan periods 730 occur every second clock cycle, when the master clock and the Phase 1 , 2 , and 3 are low, thus providing a quiet electrical environment for reading and writing to scholarships for college students essay, the scan gates. CLK and the Phase 1 - 5 clocks are identical to the CLK and Phase 1 - 5 clocks shown and described in FIG. 11 . However, the “Phase 0 ” reference clock shown in essays 2009, FIG. 11 has been replaced, in FIG. 13, with the CKS signal that is the clock signal input to the scan gate 800 . FIG.
14 shows the behavior of CK(P) and CK(E) when SEN is asserted and deasserted for scan. As shown in 2013, FIG. Binding. 14, CK(P) is an inverted version of CKS, and continues to toggle as CKS toggles. CK(E) toggles every other clock phase between scan periods after SEN is deasserted and CKS falls. FIG. 15 shows another embodiment of scan gate, designated 900 , along with the same scan control circuit 304 , scan register 416 , and read/write drivers 414 shown and scholarships students essay, described previously. FIG. 15 also shows the statement tell thesis master clock generation circuit 906 that generates the master clock signal, CLK, which is provided to the clock spine 902 . Scholarships For College. As shown in submissions creative, FIG.
15, scan control circuit 304 provides SEN 420 to the master clock generation circuit 906 and WOR 408 to the clock spine 902 . Local clock generation circuit 904 receives CLK from the clock spine 902 and generates the sequentially generated logic clock signals CK 0 through CK 5 . Scholarships Students 2013 Essay. In this embodiment, the local clock generation circuit 904 also receives WOR 408 from the submissions creative writing clock spine, which controls the operation of some of the sequentially generated logic clock signals during the write process, as explained in further detail below. The scan gate 900 shown in for college students essay, FIG. 15 is identical to scan gate 800 shown in writing, FIG. Scholarships Students 2013 Essay. 12, except that in scholarship, this embodiment, the clock input to scan gate 900 is one of the sequentially generated logic clock signals generated by the clock generation circuit 904 that is used to time and synchronize all the logic circuitry in the design, rather than a special clock signal generated solely for scan. Scholarships For College 2013 Essay. In the example scan gate 900 , the logic clock signal input is CK 0 . However, those skilled in writer 2nd ed, the art will recognize that designers could designate gates other than phase 0 gates as scan gates without departing from the scholarships for college students 2013 present invention. For example, a designer could designate some or all of the holywell phase 3 gates—gates that receive the for college students CK 3 logic clock signal—as scan gates, rather than the phase 0 gates as described herein. A primary difference between scan gate 900 and the previously-described embodiments is that scan gate 900 precharges and evaluates using a standard logic clock signal, thus eliminating the need to generate a clock signal uniquely for scan. Scan gate 900 includes the same scan circuits 806 as described in the previous embodiment, and therefore, like scan gate 800 , scan gate 900 does not need to be precharged before writing to it in scan mode. In addition, as described in more detail below, the logic synchronization clock scheme can be implemented so as to the canadian s world essays, further eliminate any need to precharge scan gate 900 for scan writing. As shown in for college students essay, FIG.
15, scan gate 900 has only a standard single clock input, CK 0 , which is scholarship 2009 generated by the local clock generation circuit 904 . Local clock generation circuit 904 receives the master clock signal, CLK, from the clock spine 902 and students 2013 essay, sequentially generates all the logic clock signals CK 0 -CK 5 having sequentially delayed evaluate and s world 2nd ed, precharge phases. In a standard operating mode, CK 0 enters the scan gate 900 from the students 2013 clock generation circuit 904 and precharges the logic tree 502 when it is low and the canadian writer s world 2nd ed, evaluates the logic tree 502 when it toggles high. The local clock generation circuit 904 generates the sequentially generated logic clock signals by buffering and delaying CLK. Scholarships For College Essay. CK 0 , CK 1 , and CK 2 transition with CLK's edge, sequentially delayed in the order listed. CK 3 , CK 4 , and CK 5 transition opposite CLK's edges, again sequentially delayed in the order listed. The arrangement and behavior of the sequentially generated logic clock signals during regular operation and during scan modes is shown and described below, in connection with FIGS. 16 and 17.
To enter scan mode, SEN 420 is asserted and stops CLK high. After sequential delays, CK 0 , CK 1 , and CK 2 will be stopped high, while CK 3 , CK 4 , and CK 5 will be stopped low. To write to statement thesis, the scan gates, all logic clock signal inputs to gates “downstream” of the scan gates that are high when CLK is stopped must be forced low, to force these downstream gates into scholarships students 2013, a precharge mode. In a sequentially clocked precharge logic network that uses a multiple overlapping clock phase scheme such as that described herein and in the Logic Synchronization patent, forcing the downstream gates into precharge effectively clears preexisting state information from the submissions writing input lines of scholarships students 2013, these gates, thus ensuring that the downstream gates are ready to receive, as inputs, the writer s world 2nd ed test vector being written to the output lines of the phase 0 scan gates and the results of that test vector as it propagates through the gates along the datapath. Students Essay. Failing to clear out state information on the inputs to downstream gates could result in thesis, errors or invalid inputs to the downstream gates. Since CK 5 will be low when the clocks are stopped, the gates immediately upstream of the scan gates are in scholarships, precharge, causing the essays input lines to the scan gates to for college 2013 essay, be clear even though the scan gates are in the evaluate state. As described above, a common approach to circuit testing using scan is to stop the clock, write a test vector to scholarship 2009, one or more scan gates, start the clock and let the test vector propagate through the logic to the next downstream scan gate, stop the clock again, read the students 2013 output state of the downstream scan gate, and compare it with the expected output state, given the scholarship essays value of the input test vector and students 2013, the functionality of the tell thesis gates between the two scan gates. Scholarships For College. However, if the inputs to any of the dissertation gates between the two scan gates are not cleared properly and scholarships for college, contain stale state information, the output at the downstream scan gate on the next read may not conform to s world essays, expected results, implying a circuit error where none may exist.
To write to the scan gates, WRITE 406 is asserted, causing WOR 408 to go high, and ZWRITE 826 and ZWOR 824 to for college students essay, go low. Inside the local clock generation circuit 904 , WOR 408 forces CK 1 and CK 2 low to clear out online creative writing stale information in downstream gates along the datapath. While CLK is stopped, CK 1 and scholarships 2013, CK 2 need not be controlled with standard clock signal precision; all that is best essay writing service required is that they be low during the write process and then returned to high after the write, to correctly pass data after CLK is restarted. Write transistors 812 , 814 , 816 and 818 then function as described above, in connection with scan gate 800 and FIG. 12, and scholarships, the write proceeds. If any of the output wires Z 0 , Z 1 , or Z 2 is to be forced low, then the value on the corresponding scan data line 412 a , 412 b , or 412 c will be low, transistor 812 will be turned on, and transistor 818 will be off. The Canadian S World Essays. Transistor 812 will discharge through transistor 814 to the evaluate node and the output buffer 34 will invert the high value such that the value on the output line is low. Conversely, if the output wire is to be forced high, then the value on the corresponding scan data line will be high and transistor 818 will conduct while transistor 812 will be open. The evaluate node will be connected to ground through transistors 816 and 818 , and the output buffer 34 will invert the scholarships students 2013 low to a high outgoing signal on the output wire.
If the phase 0 scan gate is to be read instead of written to, there is no need to force CK 1 and CK 2 low. If CK 1 and scholarship, CK 2 are toggled from WOR 408 as described above, then they will stay high after CLK stops high, because WOR 408 is never asserted during a scan read. To perform a read, SEN 420 is asserted and stops CLK high, which stops CK 0 high. READ 410 is asserted, read transistor 810 conducts and the state of the output signals Z 0 , Z 1 , and Z 2 is provided to the scan register 416 through scan data lines 412 a , 412 b , and 412 c. FIG.
16 illustrates the relationships between the sequentially generated logic clock signals during a scan write using this embodiment of scan gate 900 and a six-phase logic synchronization methodology where the phase 0 gates are the scan gates. FIG. 16 shows the global clock signal, CLK, followed by the six sequentially generated overlapping clock signals CK 0 through CK 5 that synchronize the propagation of signals through the for college networked logic gates via the clock spine. Oxford Thesis Holywell. In this embodiment, CK 0 , CK 1 , and scholarships students, CK 2 fall after CLK falls, and CK 3 , CK 4 , and oxford thesis binding holywell, CK 5 rise after CLK falls. Also, in FIG. 16, the network of synchronously clocked precharge logic gates is assumed to be originally in scholarships for college essay, normal, at speed operation. As previously described, SEN is the best essay service global Scan Enable signal that is distributed through a series of latches or static registers that fan out over the design. To write to the scan gates, SEN is asserted 958 . This causes CLK to stop after its next rising edge, shown on scholarships 2013 essay FIG. 16 at 959 , which also stops all the sequentially generated logic clocks. The WRITE signal is then asserted at 962 , which asserts the WOR signal at 964 , which in turn forces CK 1 and heart statement tale thesis, CK 2 low at 966 and 968 , respectively. At this point, the scholarships for college students 2013 write proceeds as described above, after which WRITE is deasserted at 970 , deasserting WOR at 972 and toggling CK 1 and essay service uk review, CK 2 high at 974 and 976 , respectively.
SEN is deasserted at 980 to restart CLK. Scholarships For College Students Essay. When CLK falls at 982 , the sequentially generated local clocks then resume toggling in accordance with the failing edge of CLK, and normal operation ensues. The relationship of the clock signals during the read process is shown in 2009, FIG. 17 . The system is originally in normal operation, and then SEN is asserted at scholarships for college 961 . Thereafter, CLK stops after its next rising edge, shown on FIG. 17 at 963 . As described above, stopping CLK stops all the sequentially generated clocks. READ is asserted at 965 , the essay service uk review read proceeds as described above, and READ is for college 2013 essay then deasserted at 967 . SEN is deasserted at 971 to restart CLK, and again, the sequentially generated logic clock signals resume toggling in scholarship, normal operation upon for college the falling edge of submissions writing, CLK at 2013 973 . FIG. 18 shows two scan gates embedded in a network of dynamic logic. FIG.
18 is similar to FIGS. 9 and 13, except that in FIG. 18, network 990 includes two scan gates 992 and 994 , which are implemented in the alternative embodiment 900 shown in FIG. Oxford Thesis Binding. 15 . Accordingly, the clock inputs to the scan gates (CK(P) and CK(E) in FIG. 9, and for college students 2013 essay, CKs in online submissions creative, FIG. 13) have been replaced by CK 0 . Those skilled in the art will recognize that, as with the for college 2013 essay alternative embodiments described above, stopping the clocks abruptly can cause di/dt problems if the design is running at speed. The architecture and clocking arrangement shown in FIGS.
15 and oxford thesis holywell, 16 - 17 therefore only allows for the at-speed capture of the state of the scan gates if the design can tolerate the power supply overshoot caused by a high negative di/dt. In this embodiment, CK 0 will continue to toggle as long as CLK toggles. Therefore, to scholarships for college students, capture a certain output state, CLK must be stopped abruptly when CK 0 is high to prevent the scan gate's logic tree from precharging, which destroys the oxford thesis holywell output state of the scan gate. If this embodiment is 2013 essay used in a sequentially clocked precharge logic network that cannot tolerate abruptly stopping the best essay uk review clocks when the logic is running at speed, the clocks can be slowed or stepped, and then stopped as described above when the user is ready to capture the output state of the scan gates or write to the scan gates, without creating a problem. To summarize, the present invention comprises a method and apparatus for scan of dynamic or N-NARY clocked precharge logic circuits that include a logic tree with one or more evaluate nodes, a precharge circuit, an evaluate circuit, one or more output buffers, and one or more scan circuits, where the scholarships students essay logic circuit receives one or more input signals and a clock signal having an evaluate phase and a precharge phase, and the canadian writer essays 2nd ed, produces one or more output signals. The present invention includes a scan control circuit that generates scan control signals including a scan enable signal, one or more scan registers, and one or more read/write drivers coupled to the scan control circuit, the scholarships 2013 scan register, and the output buffers such that when the scan circuit receives scan control signals, the state of the output signal is best essay service provided to the scan register, or alternatively, the state of the output signal can be forced to a state specified by information in the scan register. The present invention further comprises a network of multiple sequentially clocked precharge logic gates, wherein the input signals of scholarships for college students 2013 essay, a gate that receives a particular sequentially generated logic clock signal couple to a first sequentially clocked precharge logic gate that receives the immediately preceding sequentially generated logic clock signal, and the output signals of the gate that receives the particular sequentially generated logic clock signal couple to a second sequentially clocked precharge logic gate that receives the immediately following sequentially generated logic clock signal.
In this case, the sequentially generated logic clock signals are each one of at least 3 logic clock signals sequentially generated by a clock generation circuit coupled to a clock spine. Writer S World Essays. The sequentially generated logic clock signals are generated with a sequential delay, such that the for college 2013 essay evaluate phase of chapter, a particular logic clock signal overlaps the evaluate phase of the for college immediately preceding logic clock signal by approximately the same amount of time that the evaluate phase of the essay writing service particular logic clock signal phase overlaps the evaluate phase of the immediately following logic clock signal. The present invention further comprises reading the for college 2013 output state generated by the logic circuit by generating a scan enable signal and a read signal, stopping the logic circuit's clock signal during the evaluate phase, providing the read signal to the scan circuits and the read/write drivers coupled to tell, the scan circuits and to a scan register. Finally, the present invention includes forcing the output state of for college students, a scannable logic circuit that receives a first sequentially generated logic clock signal to a user-selected state, by loading the scan register with the user-selected output state, generating a scan enable signal and s world, one or more write signals, stopping the sequentially generated logic clock signals when the first sequentially generated logic clock signal is in the evaluate phase, forcing all sequentially generated logic clock signals received by gates downstream of the scannable logic circuit to essay, the precharge phase if they were in the evaluate phase when the clocks were stopped, providing the the canadian writer 2nd ed write signals to the scan circuits and to one or more of the read/write drivers, returning the sequentially generated logic clock signals to the evaluate phase if they were forced to students 2013, the precharge phase, and restarting all clocks. Other embodiments of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art after considering this specification or practicing the scholarship essays disclosed invention.
The specification and examples above are exemplary only, with the true scope of the invention being indicated by the following claims.
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Dans le second elle est suggeree par le « fermoir » que constitue la reprise de la meme expression en chaque extremite de la piece. Oxford Binding Holywell! Mais, la encore, circularite et linearite se combinent puisque, precisement, les mots sont les memes et qu’ils apparaissent dans le meme ordre, et non en ordre inverse comme dans un chiasme pris au sens strict. For College 2013! Ainsi, le matinage de la linearite et de la circularite d’une part, et la surenchere des procedes de transposition d’autre part introduisent le desequilibre et font de l’imperfection le corollaire necessaire, et meme une qualite intrinseque de la perfection. Scholarship Essays 2009! Cette tension entre perfection et imperfection de la circularite dans le rondeau ne joue pas seulement au niveau de la structure mais aussi au niveau du sens. Scholarships! En effet, comme l’indique Sebillet dans le chapitre III du second livre de son Art poetique francois de 1548, essentiellement fonde sur la description du rondeau marotique, la « vertu premiere [du genre] est de faire rentrer ou le vers ou l’hemistiche tant proprement et tant a propos, qu’il ne semble pas repete du commencement : mais tant coherent a la fin de son couplet en suite de propos et sentence comme si la fut son siege propre et particulier »   Deuxieme livre, Chapitre III, in binding holywell Francis Goyet, Traites. Scholarships For College 2013 Essay! . The Canadian S World Essays 2nd Ed! Le rentrement, qui est l’element cle de la circularite du rondeau, est aussi ce qui, d’une part, fait miroiter au lecteur la polyphonie et la richesse de la langue, puisqu’il change de sens en contexte, donc n’est jamais, malgre les apparences, exactement le meme   Ainsi, dans le rondeau LVII (p. For College Students! 170, ed. Writer S World! citee), le. Scholarships! et ce qui, d’autre part, fait la joyeuse demonstration qu’un segment apparemment superflu – la strophe pouvant toujours avoir un sens complet sans le recours au rentrement – est propre a transformer le premier sens que l’on donnait a l’enonce   On peut par exemple le montrer en se fondant sur le. The Canadian S World Essays! . For College 2013 Essay! La encore, s’opere, derriere l’apparente volonte d’instaurer un equilibre, la mise en place d’un systematique desequilibre. Scholarship Essays 2009! C’est pourquoi l’image de la danse nous parait operante pour aborder le genre – mais aussi l’organisation des rondeaux dans L’Adolescence clementine . For College 2013! Il semble en effet que cette derniere soit, dans une large mesure, concue comme une extrapolation macrostructurale de ce qui se joue au sein de chaque piece prise isolement.
On peut ainsi signaler que le rondeau XXXVIII, « D’Alliance de pensee » nous donne a voir un Marot dansant et place cet art au c?ur de la section. Significativement, le moment de danse apparait au centre du rondeau (deuxieme strophe) : tandis que le poeme lui-meme est legerement decentre dans la section (trente-huitieme piece sur soixante-sept), exactement a la maniere (et dans les proportions) d’un rentrement. Writer! Structurellement, on scholarships essay peut egalement souligner le role que joue cette piece en tant que contrepoint a l’episode du Lard qui trouve, depuis l’edition de 1538, sa place dans L’Adolescence clementine et dans la section   Il faut ici preciser que le role joue par le rondeau. Writing! : c’est d’abord le rentrement qui joue ce role, « Ung Mardy Gras ». 2013 Essay! Mais c’est aussi la valeur du personnage feminin qui permet d’opposer les vertus de l’amie nouvelle – en qui les critiques reconnaissent Anne d’Alencon, niece de Marguerite – au vice de « celle qui fut s’amye »   Ballade XIV. Essays! , cette Isabeau-Luna qui semble beaucoup devoir au modele de Villon et qui sait se servir de l’orthodoxie romaine aux fins de sa vengeance d’amante blessee. Scholarships Students 2013 Essay! Ce rondeau de la danse, dans un mouvement que l’on peut qualifier de centripete, peut se lire non seulement comme une forme ayant son unite – et sa circularite – propres, mais aussi comme l’un des rouages de l’unite superieure, celle de la section. Tale! On l’a vu, a partir de 1538 les echos entre le reseau structurant de l’affaire du Lard et cette piece permettent a cette derniere, par contrecoup, de prendre une coloration et une signification nouvelles. Scholarships Students 2013 Essay! Mais on scholarship peut egalement mettre en evidence qu’« Alliance de pensee » se rattache a de nombreux autres rondeaux en abordant le theme recurrent des rapports entre hommes et femmes, et, plus explicitement encore, celui de l’alliance, qui figure – et meme trone – dans son titre. Or, qu’elle soit amoureuse, amicale, religieuse, poetique ou politique, qu’elle soit respectee ou trahie, cette notion d’alliance en tant qu’engagement mutuel (et circulaire) entre les hommes unifie toute la section, a la maniere d’un fil rouge. Scholarships For College Students Essay! Le maitre et le disciple, le roi et son valet, l’amant et son amie, l’epouse et son mari, le debiteur et son creancier et meme la medisante et sa victime, toutes ces figures variees sont liees. Writing! Mais elles ne le sont jamais exclusivement deux a deux. Scholarships 2013 Essay! Le maitre de poesie peut lui-meme se faire disciple, il est aussi lie au roi, a une amie, a des amis.
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Tout se passe comme si Marot, velleitaire editeur de son ?uvre, avait ponctuellement opere des rapprochements, regroupant par exemple les rondeaux du cycle d’Anne   Rondeaux XXXVIII a XL. Writer! , que nous prefererions nommer cycle d’alliance, rapprochant des pieces d’hommage   Rondeaux XIII a XXII. Scholarships! , ou encore proposant a la suite l’un de l’autre un rondeau adresse et le rondeau responsif correspondant   Significativement, cette unite est incluse dans la. Writing! mais laissant dans le desordre de son portefeuille la majeure partie des pieces, alors meme qu’elles pouvaient se placer lineairement aupres d’autres. Scholarships For College 2013! Mais, de meme que la danse peut varier ses pas, ses rythmes, passer de la plus grande fluidite a l’apparence du saccade voire aller « comme l’ecrevisse, / tout au rebours »   Rondeau X, « De l’absent de s’amie ». Online Submissions Writing! sans pour autant perdre de son unite, de meme la section des rondeaux s’organise en sous-main tout en travaillant a donner un sentiment d’absence d’ordre dans le detail des pieces, de neglige charmant, ou pour mieux dire de naturel et de vie foisonnante. Students Essay! De fait, les themes ne concourent pas seuls a l’ordre recherche. Heart Statement Tell Thesis! D’autres choix poetiques veritablement structurants se tressent pour l’elaborer. 2013! L’un d’entre eux est par exemple la prise en compte de l’ ethos de l’enonciateur : ce procede est riche de possibilites car il peut aussi bien etre un element de variation dans des series coherentes   C’est par exemple le cas dans les rondeaux VII a XI. Dissertation Chapter! qu’un element d’unification de pieces apparemment disparates sur le plan thematique   On peut voir ce procede a l’?uvre dans les rondeaux. Scholarships For College Students 2013! . Essays! Par ailleurs, l’enchainement d’une piece a une autre, proche ou lointaine, peut s’operer par le biais de reprises lexicales. For College 2013! Le rondeau VII, par exemple, « A un poete ignorant », est lie a celui qui le precede, « A une medisante », par le terme de « cervelle »   Rondeau VI, p. Tale Thesis! 133 : . Scholarships Essay! Ce lien lexical est renforce par la reprise d’une structure grammaticale restrictive, placee dans les deux rondeaux au meme vers, le onzieme : « Vous n’estes qu’une Maquerelle » (Rondeau VI), « Car en Rime ce n’est qu’ung veau » (Rondeau VII). Thesis! Mais « A un poete ignorant » trouve aussi un echo, sur le plan lexical, dans des pieces plus lointaines par l’intermediaire du mot « rondeau » – les rondeaux, dans L’Adolescence clementine , parlant frequemment de rondeaux en une joyeuse mise en abyme, et ce tout au long de la section   Rondeaux I, III, VII, X, XXXV, XL, LX. On notera cependant. Scholarships For College! . Online Writing! On remarque par ailleurs que les reprises lexicales permettent non seulement d’associer entre elles des pieces, mais aussi de conduire le lecteur a une eventuelle prise de distance a l’egard de ce qui est dit dans chaque rondeau considere isolement. For College 2013! Ainsi, la lecture des poemes d’eloge, notamment les rondeaux XVI et XXI, met en question la valeur de la louange, des lors qu’Estienne du Temple (XVI) et Victor Brodeau (XXI) sont tous deux loues pour l’inegalable superiorite de leur esprit   Rondeau XVI, p. Heart Statement Tale Tell! 140 : . 2013 Essay! La repetition de l’eloge tue l’eloge.
Mais c’est aussi un jeu de reprise de rimes   Notons que les jeux d’echos sur les rimes, dont nous. Best Essay Writing Service! qui participe de cet effet, puisque le rondeau XVI est bati sur le couple de rimes –ace / –erve, tandis que le XXI l’est sur le couple –ace / –oir : la meme rime initiale souligne le lien tres fort entre les deux pieces tandis que la variation sur la rime feminine du rondeau XVI et la rime masculine du rondeau XXI introduit un element de divergence. Scholarships Essay! Malicieusement, dans une ronde endiablee, l’eloge qu’Etienne Clavier fait de la capacite qu’a Marot de louer (XVII) et la reponse petillante de celui-ci (XVIII), sont places juste apres la piece XVI (d’un Etienne a l’autre) et incitent le lecteur a ne pas prendre trop au serieux ce jeu de l’alliance epidictique. Best Essay Service! L’ordre choisi par le poete fonctionne ici a la maniere d’un rentrement puisqu’il pousse a reevaluer la signification premiere donnee a une piece precedemment lue et qui constituait pourtant apparemment une unite complete. Si l’on s’attache encore un instant a l’examen des enchainements dans cette courte serie des rondeaux XVI a XXI, on scholarships for college students 2013 essay constate que le jeu de l’echange epistolaire des pieces XVII et XVIII, qui trouve sa justification dans l’elaboration d’une strategie taquine de relativisation des eloges, entraine l’insertion d’un autre echange, entre Marot et Jehanne Gaillarde, mais sur un mode chiasmique puisque l’ordre de l’echange est inverse   Dans le rondeau XVI, Estienne Clavier s’adresse a Marot. The Canadian S World Essays 2nd Ed! . Scholarships Students 2013! Deux ordres, deux logiques et pour tout dire deux transpositions de la circularite entrent alors en concurrence. Writing Service! On le voit donc, au niveau macrostructural de la section comme au niveau microstructural de chaque rondeau, c’est de la correlation de procedes multiples qui parfois alternent, parfois se superposent voire se contredisent que nait l’ordre qui a « tant couste a Marot ». Scholarships Students! Ainsi concu, il n’est pas univoque et parfait mais polyphonique, complexe, tourbillonnant et neanmoins perceptible et efficace.
Viennent alors, en guise de fermoir parachevant l’?uvre, se placer les pieces I et LXVII, seuils de la section   Une fois de plus l’ajout du dernier rondeau en 1538. Scholarship Essays 2009! . 2013 Essay! Elles conferent a l’ensemble fremissant de vie et de mouvement la perfection symbolique de l’unite circulaire sans pour autant detruire le principe constant de l’imperfection. Best Writing Service! En effet, on for college 2013 essay peut bel et bien considerer que le rondeau I fait figure d’ouverture en ce qu’il delivre un art poetique, une lecon pour bien ecrire des rondeaux. Essays! De meme, le dernier clot la section en apotheose, puisqu’il s’agit d’un rondeau parfait, abordant l’affaire du Lard qui, on scholarships essay l’a vu, marque symboliquement la fin de l’adolescence et sert de point final a d’autres sections du recueil. Online Submissions Creative Writing! En outre, un echo important lie les deux pieces et semble ainsi les reunir : en effet, le terme « clouer » et son derive « enclouer » apparaissent dans ces deux seuils. Scholarships For College Essay! Mais, comme dans un bon rentrement, le sens change. Submissions Creative! Dans sa premiere occurrence, le verbe participe du metalangage poetique : clouer , en un rondeau, c’est fermer le cercle du poeme. Scholarships For College Students 2013! L’emploi absolu, « Clouez tout court » renforce, chez le lecteur et disciple, l’idee d’un art–artisanat que « Maistre Clement » est en mesure d’enseigner. Chapter Headings! Mais, dans la piece de cloture, ce n’est plus Marot qui cloue, c’est Marot qui dit avoir ete (en)cloue. Scholarships For College 2013 Essay! Ici, metaphoriquement, le terme et son derive renvoient tout a la fois a l’experience de la prison – « Mais en prison pour tant je fuz cloue »   Rondeau LXVII, v.2 12, p. The Canadian Writer S World Essays 2nd Ed! 177 , « J’eus a Paris prison fort inhumaine : / A Chartes fuz doulcement encloue »   Ibidem, v. For College Students 2013! 17-18, p. Best Writing! 178. Scholarships Students! – et a la crucifixion, puisque Marot emploie ce dernier verbe dans « Les tristes vers de Philippe Beroalde » publies dans le meme recueil, pour peindre la passion du Christ : « le Redempteur […] / Pendit en croix, encloue piedz et mains »   « Les tristes vers de Philippe Beroalde », v. The Canadian S World Essays 2nd Ed! 66, p. Scholarships For College! 57. Oxford Thesis! . Scholarships Students Essay! L’echo est renforce par la place de chacune de ces pieces dans l’economie d’ensemble : c’est la quatrieme section generique qui entre en resonance avec le quatrieme opuscule.
Meme si le poete n’a subi qu’une Passion attenuee par l’oxymore – « doulcement encloue » – Passion il y a eu. Scholarship Essays 2009! Et s’opere, une fois encore, un retournement malicieux dans la mesure ou c’est celui que l’on a puni pour son heresie qui peut s’identifier au Christ : les vrais chretiens, ce sont les evangeliques, l’Eglise romaine, en l’occurrence plus romaine que chretienne, semble reproduire, sur le mode mineur, le crime de l’Empire. 2013 Essay! Mais cette « cloture » appartient au passe – le passe simple passif du rondeau LXVII s’oppose a l’imperatif present du premier – et cette derniere piece de la section savoure la « liberte » : Marot, aussi bien que son livre, « cour[t] legier, et delivre ». The Canadian Writer S World 2nd Ed! Il pourrait paraitre paradoxal que le debut de la section incite a la fermeture tandis que la fin s’exhibe comme espace d’ouverture et, meme, de delivrance. For College 2013 Essay! Ce jeu d’inversion de l’horizon d’attente du lecteur, qui associe plus volontiers ouverture et debut, fin et fermeture, participe de l’elaboration d’une circularite entre les deux pieces. Heart Statement! Plus fondamentalement, on for college essay peut aussi considerer que ces deux etapes sont l’ alpha et l’ omega d’un trajet tout a la fois humain et poetique qui a trouve a s’actualiser dans l’ordre des rondeaux. Oxford Holywell! Une progression coherente s’installe d’un bout a l’autre de la section : de prime abord l’immobilite fermee – et ferme – symbolisee par la perfection circulaire peut paraitre souhaitable, notamment dans l’ordre de l’ecriture (Rondeau I). Students Essay! Mais, tres vite, cette affirmation ideale se trouve contredite : la forme du rondeau, on online submissions writing l’a vu, n’est pas absolument circulaire. Plus que dans la fermeture, la perfection se trouve dans l’ouverture, et c’est ce que va celebrer le « Rondeau parfaict », qui est peut-etre, justement, parfait d’avoir su s’ouvrir et non se clore, d’avoir su renvoyer le verbe « clouer » dans le passe, et accueillir « la liberte ». Scholarships For College 2013 Essay! L’immobilite est vaincue : l’ordre meme de la section en a donne la preuve par sa sautillante et complexe mouvance. Best Writing! La piece finale le confirme en faisant miroiter au lecteur un avenir, celui de la « Verte sepmaine » en son « premier jour », temps d’une nouvelle vie, de nouvelles amours.
Alors meme que le poete associait son prenom dans les rimes senees du rondeau XVIII a l’unique autre occurrence de clouer dans la section, « C, c’est Clement contre chagrin cloue »   v. Students Essay! 10, p.142. Tale! , libere dans le Rondeau parfait, il echange cette sombre fixite contre plus de legerete, son « cueur [est] bien enjoue »   v. Scholarships Essay! 23, p.178. Binding! , c’est-a-dire qu’il s’est approprie la qualite pour laquelle Estienne Clavier se trouvait loue : « E, est Estienne, esveille, enjoue »   Rondeau XVIII, v.11, p. 2013! 142. Online Creative Writing! On remarquera que ces. Scholarships Essay! . Writer Essays! C’est donc la gaiete qui a ici le dernier mot, mais aussi le jeu : or les jeux d’echos, les jeux sur la circularite et la linearite, la perfection et l’imperfection, sur l’echange de mots, de sons, de roles ont domine toute la section. Students! Peut-etre faut-il voir alors dans cette danse joyeuse des rondeaux la transposition poetique d’une lecon de vie : dans un cas comme dans l’autre un tourbillon d’alliances se noue, mais il faut se garder de renoncer a ce qui permet a la liesse et au mouvement de petiller, ce leger voilage de la perfection qui lui donne tout son prix, la « liberte ». Apa 6 Chapter! Le Roman de la Rose , Guillaume de Lorris et Jean de Meun, Le Livre de Poche, Lettres Gothiques, 1992, p. Scholarships 2013! 78-79, edition et traduction d’Armand Strubel. Apa 6 Chapter! « Espitre a Dolet », edition de G. Students Essay! Defaux, ?uvres poetiques , Clement Marot, Tome I, Paris, Classiques Garnier, 1990, p. Essay! 10. Scholarships Students 2013 Essay! Toutes les citations ulterieures de L’Adolescence clementine seront tirees de cette edition. Tale Tell Thesis! « Ce livre-cy souvent avoit este / Jusqu’a present (telle en est la coustume) / Part meschantz gens corrompu gaste : / Dont l’a fallu rapporter sur l’enclume. Scholarships Students! / Or maintenant est-il (amy lecteur) / Si bien remys en ordre, et tellement / Renouvelle, mesmes par son autheur, / Que de Momus ne crainct le jugement. Submissions! » Traduction en vers, attribuee a « la belle Rubella », d’un poeme liminaire neo-latin de Nicolas Bourbon. L’Adolescence clementine , ed. Students 2013! V.-L. Statement Tale Tell Thesis! Saulnier, Paris, A. Essay! Colin, 1958, p. Writer S World 2nd Ed! 8, cite par G. Scholarships For College 2013! Defaux, ?uvres poetiques , Clement Marot, Tome I, Paris, Classiques Garnier, 1990, p. Heart Tale! 408. Scholarships For College! « par telles leurs additions se rompt tout l’ordre de mes Livres », « Espitre a Dolet » p. Oxford Thesis Binding Holywell! 10. Essay! « […] cours legier, et delivre : / Descharge t’ay d’ung lourd et pesant faiz. Best Essay! », « Marot a son Livre », p.15, v. For College Students! 2-3. Heart Tale Tell Thesis! « Espitre a Dolet », p.15. Rappelons que L’Adolescence clementine s’ouvre sur cinq pieces longues, suivies de cinq sections organisees selon un principe generique : les Epistres, les Complainctes, Epistaphes, les Ballades, les Rondeaux et les Chansons. Scholarships 2013! Un des signes de cette volonte de proposer un possible trajet chronologique dans chaque section tient a l’usage fait de l’episode dit du Lard integre au recueil dans l’edition de 1538.
Tout en manifestant la plus grande prudence quant a la realite de cet evenement, tout au moins sous la forme que nous presente Marot, puisqu’un seul document historique corrobore, tres partiellement, l’idee d’une authenticite de l’aventure, on binding holywell peut constater que la derniere epitre (XI : « Epistre a son amy Lyon »), la derniere ballade avant le Chant Royal de la conception Nostre Dame (XIV : « Contre celle qui fut s’amye »), le dernier rondeau (LXVII : Rondeau parfaict. Scholarships For College Essay! A ses Amis apres sa delivrance) et la derniere chanson (XLII), qui est aussi la derniere piece du recueil, traitent de cette « affaire ». Oxford Thesis Binding Holywell! Elle semble marquer de maniere symbolique la fin de l’adolescence. Scholarships Students 2013! Cf. Best Writing Service Uk Review! sur ce point l’article de Mireille Huchon, « Rhetorique et poetique des genres : L’Adolescence clementine et les metamorphoses des ?uvres de prison », in students Le genie de la langue francaise : autour de Marot et La Fontaine , textes reunis par Jean-Charles Monferran, Fontenay-aux-Roses, ENS editions, 1997, p. Best Writing! 53-71. Comme nous le montrerons infra en confrontant le premier et le dernier rondeau. Scholarships For College Students 2013 Essay! Ainsi en va-t-il de l’enchainement entre la derniere epitaphe « De Jehan Serre, excellent joueur de Farces » et la premiere ballade « Des enfans sans soucy ». Thesis! Deuxieme livre, Chapitre III, in for college 2013 essay Francis Goyet, Traites de poetique et de rhetorique de la Renaissance , Livre de poche, 1990, p. Dissertation! 114-115.
Ainsi, dans le rondeau LVII (p. For College 2013! 170, ed. Online Creative Writing! citee), le rentrement « en la baisant » signifie successivement « tandis que j’embrassais mon amie » dans ses deux premieres occurrences et « tandis qu’elle embrassait ma levre » dans la derniere. Scholarships For College Students 2013 Essay! C’est ici l’ambiguite referentielle du pronom qui favorise ce petillant echange des sens, des sujets … et des basia . Essays 2009! On peut par exemple le montrer en se fondant sur le rondeau IX (p.135-136, ed. Students 2013 Essay! citee) dans lequel le « malcontent d’amours » prend la resolution de ne plus « etre amoureux » apres la trahison de sa belle. The Canadian Essays! Si l’on lit la deuxieme strophe sans le rentrement, « Je la pensoys sans imperfection, / Mais d’aultre Amy a prins possession : / Et pource plus ne me veulx entremettre », on students 2013 peut considerer que le « je » se refuse desormais a servir d’intermediaire entre cette femme (ou une autre) et un ou d’autres homme(s), ce qui laisse un instant planer sur ce rondeau la possibilite d’une lecture grivoise. Apa 6 Dissertation Chapter Headings! Mais l’ajout du rentrement « D’estre amoureux » oblige le lecteur a reevaluer le sens du verbe « entremettre » : il ne peut s’agir ici que de l’expression du renoncement a s’occuper d’etre amoureux. Scholarships 2013 Essay! Il faut ici preciser que le role joue par le rondeau XXXVIII n’etait pas initialement prevu par Marot puisque ce n’est que l’integration tardive des pieces de l’affaire du lard qui le lui confere.
Neanmoins les jeux d’oppositions et de contrastes soulignes ci-apres nous paraissent suffisamment nets pour que l’on puisse entendre entre ces differentes pieces de veritables echos, sur les plans structurel, thematique et chronologique. Online! Si on essay limite l’examen des pieces ajoutees en 1538 au dernier rondeau, le seul de la section a se rattacher explicitement a l’affaire du lard, on writer s world 2nd ed peut considerer que son ajout dans L’Adolescence clementine trouve une triple justification : non seulement il permet d’etablir un lien entre les fins de section, d’inscrire dans le texte un marqueur chronologique symbolique, mais il confere aussi une coherence interne supplementaire a la section. Dans cette perspective, le rondeau LXVII peut legitimement etre considere comme parfait puisque, a la maniere de la piece manquante d’un puzzle, il s’emboite parfaitement dans l’economie d’une section qui trouve dans cet apport un achevement au double sens du terme. 2013! Rondeau IV, « De celuy qui incite une jeune Dame a faire amy ». The Canadian S World Essays 2nd Ed! Rondeau VIII, « De la jeune Dame qui a vieil mari ». Students 2013! Rondeau XI, « De l’amant douloureux ». Statement! Rondeau XXXIII, « A ses amis, auxquels on scholarships 2013 essay rapporta qu’il etait prisonnier ». Oxford! Cycle de Fortune, rondeaux XXVI a XXVIII. Students 2013 Essay! Rondeaux XXXVIII a XL. Scholarship 2009! Rondeaux XIII a XXII.
Significativement, cette unite est incluse dans la precedente : cf. 2013! les rondeaux XVII a XX. Writer S World! Nous y reviendrons. For College! Rondeau X, « De l’absent de s’amie ». C’est par exemple le cas dans les rondeaux VII a XI qui traitent tous de l’insatisfaction amoureuse mais qui nous montrent tour a tour une femme delaissee se plaignant avec une certaine energie de l’impuissance de son epoux, un amant trompe resolu a ne plus se laisser prendre aux pieges de l’amour, un homme se languissant de l’absence de sa vertueuse dame, un malheureux, enfin, se mourant d’amour pour une intransigeante amie. Scholarship 2009! On peut voir ce procede a l’?uvre dans les rondeaux VI et VII precedemment cites : le « je » se montre moqueur et violemment critique aussi bien a l’egard d’une medisante que d’un poete ignorant. 2013! Tous deux ont pourtant pour seul point commun le mauvais usage qu’ils font de la langue puisque l’une « dit du mal » tandis que l’autre « dit mal ». Scholarship 2009! Rondeau VI, p. For College Students! 133 : Rondeau VII, p. Scholarship! 134 : Rondeaux I, III, VII, X, XXXV, XL, LX. Scholarships Students 2013 Essay! On notera cependant qui si le procede a une valeur toute particuliere dans cette section des Rondeaux, il n’est pas limite a celle-ci : le mot apparait aussi ailleurs dans L’Adolescence clementine , par exemple dans l’Epitre VII. Statement! Rondeau XVI, p. For College! 140 : Rondeau XXI, p. Submissions Writing! 144 : Notons que les jeux d’echos sur les rimes, dont nous ne donnons ici qu’un exemple precis, constituent aussi un fort element d’unification de la section.
Dans le rondeau XVI, Estienne Clavier s’adresse a Marot, qui repond dans le XVII. Dans le XVIII, c’est Marot qui initie l’echange epidictique auquel Jehanne Gaillarde repond dans le rondeau XIX. Scholarships Students 2013! Une fois de plus l’ajout du dernier rondeau en 1538 permet d’actualiser et de renforcer des elements deja presents dans la premiere edition, et contribue fortement a l’elaboration d’un ordre dans la section. Heart Thesis! Rondeau LXVII, v.2 12, p. Scholarships Students! 177. Submissions Creative! « Les tristes vers de Philippe Beroalde », v. 2013! 66, p. Apa 6 Dissertation Chapter Headings! 57. For College! Voir par ailleurs sur « l’obsedante identification christique » perceptible dans l’emploi que Marot fait du terme « enclouer », l’article de Thierry Mantovani, « Sur le Rondeau dit « parfaict » de Clement Marot », in statement tell thesis Clement Marot et l’Adolescence clementine , textes reunis par Christine Martineau-Genieys, Centre d’Etudes Medievales, Association des Publications de la Faculte des Lettres de Nice, CID diffusion, Paris, 1997, pp. 59-77. For College Essay! Rondeau XVIII, v.11, p. Best Essay! 142.
On remarquera que ces deux rondeaux, XVIII et LXVII, entretiennent un etroit rapport sur le plan lexical : outre les termes « cloue » et « enjoue », leur sont aussi communs « loue », « alloue », « Noue » et « sainct ». Scholarships For College 2013 Essay! Ainsi le rondeau parfait semble veritablement ecrit pour faire echo de maniere tres precise a d’autres pieces de la section – tout au moins, on oxford binding l’a vu, les rondeaux I, XVIII et XXXVIII. For College Students 2013 Essay! On concoit bien, dans cette perspective, combien l’elaboration de ce « fermoir » porteur d’ordre a coute a Marot. Statement Tell! Cairn.info utilise des cookies a des fins de statistiques. Scholarships For College 2013 Essay! Ces donnees anonymes nous permettent ainsi de vous offrir une experience de navigation optimale. Service Uk Review! En continuant votre visite vous acceptez de recevoir ces cookies. Scholarships For College! Vous pouvez toutefois les desactiver dans les parametres de votre navigateur web.
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Human names, company names, colleges, software product names are intentionally made up. Strategic Air Co., Swampscott, South Carolina. SAP Basis Administrator. Hardware: OS390-RS6000SP Database: DB2 Contract Worldwide rollout and support of submissions writing, SAP 4.0b. Knowledge Warehouse, BW Support. Install languages. Maintain internal company training system. Troubleshoot Basis problems, apply OSS notes, review hot packages.
Daily systems checks. SAP North America, Miller, Illinois. SAP Basis Instructor. 100 Travel to Boston, Philadelphia, Chicago, Atlanta, and San Francisco to instruct and co-teach SAP BASIS. Scholarships For College Students 2013 Essay? Certified in the following SAP courses: BC325 Software Logistics Release 4.6 Competence-UNIX/ORACLE Release 4.6 SAP50 R/3 Basis Technology Release 4.6 BC305 Advanced R/3 System Administration Release 4.6 BC090 R/3 Under Unix Release 3.1H BC120 BC Computer Center Management Release 3.1H JSB10 System Administration I Release 3.1H. Advanced Technologis, St. Louis, Missouri. SAP BASIS Administrator. Hardware: CompaQ DEC-OSF Database: ORACLE SAP Version 4.5B and 3.OE Customers: Ford Motors Company and General Motors. Support for heart statement tale two production rollouts, and an upgrade. Assisted senior Basis lead with SAP Security and CTS using the scholarships 2013 essay, TMS system.
Recruited to statement tale tell thesis, relocate to Advanced Technologis; 4-months after joining the company, it downsized during bankruptcy and scholarships students 2013 essay, moved the data center from online creative writing, St. For College 2013 Essay? Louis to Detroit. I elected not to writing service uk review, transfer to Detroit. Carter Networks, Santa Clara, California. SAP Basis Administrator. Hardware: SUN Solaris Database: ORACLE SAP Version 4.5 Customers: All of Northern Telecom FOCUS project team - worked with Andersen Consulting and Carter project managers to for college students 2013 essay, meet critical deadlines for SAP production rollout. Responsible for heart tale tell thesis interfacing legacy systems, which include NT, HP, and SUN. Worked with the UNIX team to install MQSeries and Tivoli Maestro to scholarships for college 2013 essay, interface with R/3 Version 4.5. Online Creative? Project was cancelled by Carter and outsourced to scholarships for college students essay, CSC in August, just 3-months after I was recruited to Carter. IBM Corp, Rochester, New York/Santa Clara, California.
SAP Basis Administrator. Category/Subcategory: Software/Applications Consulting Location: NY Division: Global Services Hardware: RS6000 - OS 390 SAP Version: 3.1.H Customers: Lotus Corporation, Worldwide Fulfillment, Printing Systems, And Fixed Assets. SAP Basis Administrator performing numerous duties including; installation, maintenance, and tell thesis, upgrade of SAP application code, otherwise known as the role of a SAP Consultant. This role carries primary responsibility for problem determination and resolution for each SAP application system database server and application server. Responsibilities also include monitoring the SAP system, perform adjustments, tune and improve performance for the SAP, Database and AIX disciplines. Sebeco Chemical Co., St. Louis, Missouri. SAP System Manager. This position was outsourced to scholarships students, IBM Global Services in 1997, and I became a member of IBM. The Chemical division was spun off to be a new company named Sherman.
Sent to 13 SAP classes around the United States to best essay uk review, be cross-trained into UNIX Systems Administration, Windows95 Support, and scholarships students essay, SAP-BASIS in three months. Certifications from SAP, Digital, Consulting Companies, and local University Configuration/Authorizations and apa 6 dissertation headings, Profile moves within SAP - Corrections and essay, Transports SAP R/3 - 3.O.C. Installation and Setup of HP Jetdirect printers worldwide in UNIX and SAP SAP Job Scheduling - maintain, cancel, and monitor SAP jobs that are triggered from service uk review, IBM/MVS Mainframe to SAP R/3 3.O.C. Second shift lead - created daily task list. Trained new hires, assisted users at the Chemical plant level with various SAP modules via telephone for the Worldwide Operations and Financials project for Sebeco. 2013 Essay? Setup SAP Support Center - phone lines, 4 IBM Pentium workstations, install software, write procedures within Lotus Notes, hardware inventory, install US Robotics modems, setup paging software to Notify team members via Alpha Numeric pages. Use of the Internet for contacts; Lotus Notes, CCMail and Databases Provided on-site support for first SAP R/3 rollout in oxford, Pensacola, Florida - worked directly with internal SAP consultants provided by Deloitte and Touche on a 24 x 7-12 hour shift rotation.
Assisted in the overall set-up of DEC Alpha - 2100, 4100, 8400, DEC Storage Works - 4 gig disk arrays/Nikke Disk Arrays - removal of system fail over. Provide management support on students 2013 essay UNIX filesystems/diskspace. Across 60 plus nodes - 70 additional new nodes are being installed and configured. Experienced with HP Operations Center, Omniback, dat drives, CD-ROM drives, and DEC TL822/TL812 Robotic Silo s each containing 300 DLT tapes - running Oracle and scholarship 2009, Axxion Netbackup for Hot and Cold Backups. Provide support for the UNIX Infrastructure and SAP BASIS Teams 24 X 7. Act as a liaison to hardware vendors such as DEC and HP - minimize systems downtime. Maintain Nutrasweet SAP System to include backups and scholarships for college students 2013 essay, user support within SAP 2.0. SAP, Oracle 7, UNIX system shutdowns on various hardware in the data center Solution Provider for SAP R/3 -3.OC production problems. Mastercard International, Alberville, Missouri. Programmer 3-Mo.
Contract. Contracted to work various shifts to upgrade and support end users during the upgrade process for credit card systems. Upgraded Asia and European Mastercom Point of sale credit card systems. Heavy data encryption. Parametric Scripts, Silver Lake City, Missouri. Performed Backups for Stratus, AS400, HPUX, and essay, DEC VAX systems - ran jobs - provided support for for college mail order express pharmacy. Troubleshooter barcode system for heart tale thesis United Parcel to VAX system. Transferred files using FTP functions between platforms. Minimized systems downtimes. Utilized Xerox printers.
Automated VAX/VMS job Schedule. Working two jobs at scholarships students the same time - rolled off Mastercard project and oxford thesis, took this one after contract completed. ABC Energy, St. Louis, Missouri. System Manager 3-Mo.
Contract. Contracted to provide support on third shift to Eveready Battery Company s VAX/VMS and standalone VAX/VMS systems. Students 2013? Responsibilities include backup, error resolution, and utilization of DCL and other software to provide for automation of operator functions. Software includes VMS, DCL VAX Cluster Console, Polycenter Watchdog, DEC Scheduler, and the Storage Library System. TDD Temps and Consulting, San Francisco, California. System Administrator/Programmer Contractor. Assigned to Cellular One, Sprint, Wells Fargo - Nikko, and Electronic Arts providing VAX/VMS support to include backups; job scheduling within DCL, installed windows 3.1; troubleshot various client server problems online; transferred files across nodes - worked with Prime computer systems. Safe Medical Systems, Cupertino, California. Set-up after hours support center for statement tale tell thesis hospital Software Company. Provided 24 x 7 after hours support to 65 hospitals during software rollout.
Restarted the daily batch processing, cleaned diskspace, and minimized systems downtime. Coordinated events between hospital MIS departments and on call programmers - experienced with VAX BASIC. St.Anna Medical Center, Concord, New Mexico. Part-time/Student. Scholarships? Inventory Control. Generated State HMO Claims, Operated VAX Cluster MUMPS Respond and assist Business Office Inquires.
Installed hardware to include terminals, multiplexors, and ran telecom wiring. Performed daily backups of the VAX Cluster and the canadian s world, PDP systems. Trained additional new hires. Programmed 386 PC and performed backups on the Novell Network. Patient Billing. United States Air Force, Corpus Christi, Texas/Germany/New Mexico/Korea/California. Aircraft Security Specialist/ Transportation Specialist-Logistics. Provided Air Base Security in Germany for Air Shows and Flightline for McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantoms. Trained in scholarships, Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical weapons and thesis binding holywell, terrorism. Maintained a secret security clearance.
Honorably Discharged. Community College of the Air Force Various Military Bases 1984. Muir Technical College Albuquerque, New Mexico 1990. Samples represent that of an actual working technical professional found on the WEB and modified to protect the privacy of these professionals. Human names, company names, colleges, software product names are intentionally made up. 2301 Wesley Street. Milwaukee, WI 53227. 5 year consultant and project lead with MBA, and 4.6b experience FI/CO, SD, TR consultant to 6 SAP R/3 implementations AP/AR/TR/CM/CR/GL/CCA/PCA/PA Accounts Receivable FI-AR Credit Management TR-CM Project manager on 2013 essay 4 implementations Lockbox TR-CM Configuration on online submissions 3 implementation Vertex Sales Use Tax manager to 2 SAP R/3 implementations DART Data Retrieval Tool and scholarships, Archive Project Manager Profitability Analysis consultant to 3 SAP R/3 implementations Project Manager on 5 SAP R/3 implementations Integration specialist with configuration experience in FI/CO TR SD Report Specification experience 6 implementations. AC010 - Financial /Management Accounting Reporting AC040 - Cost Management and best writing service, Controlling AC225 - Accounts Receivable and scholarships students 2013 essay, Configuration BC660 - Data Archiving AC250 - Configuration Organization in Financial Accounting CA705 - Basics of the Report Painter and Report Writer CA710 - Advanced Functions of Report Writer CA950 - Configuration of 2009, Taxes and Purchases WC620 - Vertex / SAP Sales Use Tax Training L0930 - LIS - Logistics Information Systems. Sr.
SAP Applications Consultant. Crystal Modules, Ellisburg, PA. Project Consultant - Commonwealth of scholarships 2013 essay, Pennsylvania. End user testing and training Write Business Process Procedures Develop Interfaces and Conversions Lockbox testing. Andrews Paper, Great Falls, NY. Project Lead Consultant - All Modules. Manufacturer of Paper and Packaging Products with 10 Plants nationally, with all modules except HR implemented on writing service 4.6B version of SAP. Help completion of Sales Orders through Invoicing Modification of Purchase Order entry to facilitate Accounts Payable Cycle Count of scholarships for college students, Inventory Procedures Profitability Analysis Reports changed depending on requirements Reconciliation of writer s world essays, Accounts and addressing errors Provide support to Auditors with necessary downloads of information Aid in scholarships, the standard use of SAP eliminate the need of chapter, Consultants Corrections to Profitability and Financial Reports - Form and selection criteria Create line layouts and display variants. Customization of SAP. Change Configuration for executing a Cycle count and frequency Modify Release strategy for Purchase Order Requests Revise and delete Terms of payment Risk Categories and Credit Rep. Scholarships Students 2013? Groups Credit Limit Check on Sales Document Types Account Assignment Group and Define and Assign Account Keys Create Condition Type Tolerance Groups for GR/IR clearing ABC Inventory indicators changed to aid Cycle Counts Creation of dissertation, new Work Centers.
Training and Development of for college, Training Materials. Sample Documents Recurring Documents Account Assignment Models Reversing of heart statement, FI Documents Customer and Vendor Master Record Entry Year end Closing Procedures G/L Account and Cost Element Entry Input of for college 2013, Annual budget by Cost Center and Profit Center Maintenance to best essay writing, Credit Master Release of Orders from for college, Credit Hold Teach how to set Machine Hours Rate and Mass Roll-Up Developed a procedure to enter a Request for Credit. Credit Management utilization of oxford thesis binding holywell, risk Categories Develop ABAP Query and Report Writer Reports. Baron Services, Springfield, VA. Project Lead Consultant - FI/CO/TR/SD/ASAP. Major distributor of scholarships for college students 2013 essay, laundered uniforms nationally with 96 locations. 4.6B version of SAP with FI, MM and AP fully implemented. Responsibilities and project scope include the conversation of Customer and Accounts Receivable Master Data and develop daily interfaces from Legacy system to SAP to implement FI-AR. Statement? Order processing and Billing will remain in Legacy environment on separate Databases. Cleaned legacy customer master data. Students 2013 Essay? Reviewed customer address data, credit limits, dunning, line item displays, and carry forward balances.
Trained and advised team members on SAP functionality. Mapped and specified with programmers all conversions and interfaces from Legacy system to SAP. Completed Hardware sizing requirements for the project. Followed ASAP Implementation methodology and designed the oxford thesis holywell, business processes, wrote blueprint phase documentation and completed configuration during realization phase. Full configuration of the students, project covering the following modules: FI-AR, CO-CCA, CO-PCA, FI-GL, TR-CM, SD-MD and SD-CR. Configuration includes: GL accounts, Account determination, Field Status Groups, Enterprise Structure - Credit Control Area and Business Areas , Account Groups, Document types, Customer and Document number ranges, Terms of payment, Clearing functions - Posting Keys, Reason Codes, Automatic clearing, Account assignment, and Tolerance groups , Bank master data, Closing reporting, Interest calculation, Statements, Dunning, Credit Management functionality and Lockbox processing. Tested Sales/Use tax functionality using Vertex. Created methodology to accept Credit Card Payments and heart tell, post Automatically. Design and scholarships, develop Line layouts, Variants, Account assignment Models and Work Lists. Laid out creative writing integration and scenario testing. Specified 17 Reports required due to Business requirements.
Worked with ABAP programmers and completed testing. Bolton Companies, Milwaukee, WI. Project Lead Consultant - FI/CO/SD/ABAPQuery/Vertex. Major distributor of restaurant supplies and scholarships essay, equipment. Online Submissions Creative? 4.0B multi-company sales oriented environment with FI, CO, SD, MM, and WM.
Managed Project for Credit and Accounts Receivable implementation addressing needs for Training, Configuration testing of essay, core FI-AR, Customer and oxford thesis binding, Credit Master Data conversion, defined and practiced steps needed for the integration process, and scholarships students 2013, Report development. Configuration includes: Account Groups, Document types, Customer and apa 6 chapter headings, Document number ranges, Terms of payment, Clearing functions - Posting Keys, Reason Codes, Automatic clearing, Account assignment, and Tolerance groups , Bank master data, Interest calculation, Statements, and Credit Management functionality. Cleaned legacy customer master data. Reviewed customer address data, credit limits, dunning, line item displays, and carry forward balances. CO-PA configuration included building the operating concern, developing value fields characteristics, configuring summarization levels for reporting and students 2013, assessments, cost center assessments to segments, CO-PA reporting, forms, planning, derivation rules and structures, product and dissertation headings, customer hierarchy, PA settlement, realignments, and integration issues with Sales Distribution.
Project Manager of scholarships students 2013, Vertex configuration in essays, both SAP, Master Data cleanup and scholarships students, Quantum Tax Decision-Maker. Addressed Reporting Issues by thesis holywell developing ABAP Query and ABAP specified Reports. Kruger Power Systems, Denton, WI. SAP Project Member - FI/CO/SD/DART/Archive. Manufacturer of Electrical Transformers and scholarships for college 2013, supplies for the Utility industry. Member of FI/CO Team to improve SAP performance through implementation of ERP principles. Responsible for the canadian s world essays 2nd ed researching OSS Notes and transporting to Production Client. Trained Credit Department to scholarships for college students, utilize SAP functionality correctly. Specified programs and reports to be completed by ABAP programmers to aid Customer Service and online submissions writing, the Credit Personnel to for college 2013, service customers.
Sales/Distribution SD Tested pricing procedures, availability checking, credit management, sales quotes, printed sales orders. Essays 2nd Ed? SAP Project Team trainer in Report Painter and Report Writer. Project Manager for scholarships for college essay the implementation of DART, Data Retrieval Tool - Data extract required for Federal, State and Municipal Tax Audit purposes. Writing? Project Manager for scholarships FI/CO and SD Archiving Project - This entailed the selection of a team of users who would support decisions made for Archive Objects. Instrumental in CO-PA configuration, which included building, the operating concern, developing value fields characteristics, configuring summarization levels for reporting and oxford thesis binding, assessments, cost center assessments to segments, CO-PA reporting, PA settlement, and integration issues with Sales Distribution. Started fact-finding Project as to the feasibility of for college 2013, Activity Based Cost Accounting for product cost development. Trained in writing service uk review, CO-ABC Activity Based Cost Accounting. Marvin Chemical Manufacturing, Euless, IL. SAP Consultant - MM. Chemical Manufacturer of Water Treatment products.
Develop Report Writer Programs specific to analyze Order-related Product Costing requirements. Design LIS Information Structures to analyze Material and scholarships students essay, Order Costs. Create Transparent Tables to address specific reporting needs to be use in Report Writer. Thesis? Train Client Personnel to use Reports and create them in the future. TDS Industries, Redwood City, IA. SAP Lead Functional Consultant - FI/CO/SD/MM/Vertex. Chemical Manufacturer of Fertilizer and Distribution of supplies for the Agriculture Industry. Responsibilities as a Project Consultant are to scholarships for college, define Feasibility, address Customizing needs for Terra Industries, Configuring with the tale tell, IMG and Prototyping Accounts Receivable, Sales Use Taxation and Credit. Presented Re-engineering developments by scholarships students 2013 essay means of As-Is and To-Be Modeling to identify gaps, to Project Management to scholarship essays 2009, update the scholarships students 2013 essay, Business Plan.
Defined and practiced steps needed for the integration process. Involved with the Project Planning on a weekly basis as well as delivering status to Steering Committee. Full configuration of the project covering the following modules: FI-AR, FI-AP, FI-GL, and SD-CR. Configuration includes: GL accounts, Account determination, Field Status Groups, Account Groups, Document types, Customer and Document number ranges, Terms of essays 2nd ed, payment, Clearing functions - Posting Keys, Reason Codes, Automatic clearing, Account assignment, and Tolerance groups , Bank, Interest calculation, Statements, Dunning, and Credit Management functionality. Accounts Receivable FI-AR Cleaned legacy customer master data Reviewed customer address data, credit limits, dunning, line item displays, and carry forward balances. Teamed with Treasury Department to Configure TR-CM Cash Management. Cash Management configuration included account management, electronic bank statement, account groupings, Lockbox processing, liquidity forecast, cash management position, manual check deposit, cash concentration, and the payment program. Scholarships For College? Developer of SAP Modifications which involves Interfacing Open Invoices between Legacy System and SAP, ABAP Program for Credit Reporting, and Treasury ABAP Modification to track financing arrangements. High level of experience with SD-CR Credit and SD-MD Master Data developed on this project. Submissions Creative Writing? Contributed and scholarships students 2013 essay, exposed to SD-BF Basic Functions, SD-BIL Billing, SD-CAS Sales Support and SD-SLS Sales. Accounts Payable FI-AP Cleaned legacy vendor master data Reviewed vendor address data, purchasing limits, line item displays, and carry forward balances.
Instrumental in CO-PA Profitability Analysis configuration, which included building, the oxford thesis, operating concern, developing value fields characteristics, configuring summarization levels for reporting and assessments, cost center assessments to segments, CO-PA reporting, PA settlement, and scholarships essay, integration issues with Sales Distribution. Familiar with CO-PC Product Cost Controlling and CO-PCA Profit Center Accounting used in scholarship 2009, the Configuration of scholarships students, this project. Member for Reporting Team utilizing CO-PA Profitability Analysis, LIS - Logistics Information Systems and best essay writing service, SIS - Sales Information Systems. Special Ledger FI-SL Tested FI-SL configuration to scholarships for college 2013 essay, other SAP applications, General Ledger Accounting FI-GL , Profit Center Accounting EC-PCA , and Cost Center Accounting CO-CCA . Functional Trainer for the SAP Implementation team in Report Painter and Report Writer. User Trainer and Developer of training documentation for Taxes, Accounts Receivable and statement tale thesis, Cash Management.
Project Manager of Vertex configuration in both SAP and 2013, Quantum Tax Decision-Maker. Ashland Corp., Fort James, WI. SAP Team Lead - FI/CO/MM. Paper Manufacturer and Napkin Converter Distributor. Responsible for Configuration and Implementation changes of SAP Controlling CO , Financial Account FI and Procurement MM Modules. Utilized Re-engineering techniques to enact improvements in financial systems, procedures, processes and practices. Fixed assets FI-AA required configuration of asset classes, account determination, screen layout, asset under construction, capitalization, acquisition, depreciation, disposition, and reporting. Oxford Binding? Managed and reviewed Projects and scholarships 2013, Internal Orders by use of dissertation chapter, CO-OPA Order Project Accounting. Prepared annual Forecast and Budget by use of scholarships essay, CO-PA Profitability Analysis.
Material Master MM - Reviewed and binding holywell, tested purchasing groups, purchase requisition, purchase orders, contracts, price determination process, material types, and valuation classes. Reconciled goods movement processing, goods issues, and goods receipts. Used Modules CO-CCA Cost Center Accounting and CO-OM Overhead Cost Control daily in scholarships for college 2013, analytical responsibilities. Responsible for scholarship essays interfacing data between Legacy System and SAP. Manager of team to provide both Functional Training to students 2013, company employees. Member of ABAP Report development committee involved with Analyzing, Tuning and SAP Modification. Developed Report Painter and Report Writer programs to meet needs of management. Project Manager for conversion of essay writing service, payroll time keeping system to scholarships 2013 essay, KRONOS and integration with LAWSON payroll program. Developed Activity Based Cost Accounting System using OROS software and interfaced with SAP.
Beta Laval - Westford, WI. Manufacturing of best writing, Dairy Industry pipes, values and fittings. Stevenson Paper, Inc. For College 2013? - Westford, WI. Wholesale Paper and Industrial Products distributor. Branch Manager - Green Bay. Operations Manager - Milwaukee. Master of apa 6 chapter headings, Business Administration, University of Wisconsin. Bachelor of Business Administration, University of Wisconsin Major: Accounting. Samples represent that of an actual working technical professional found on the WEB and modified to for college students 2013, protect the privacy of holywell, these professionals. Human names, company names, colleges, software product names are intentionally made up. Simon has 17 years experience at the implementation and scholarships for college essay, operation of ERP systems.
Simon worked in s world essays 2nd ed, many implementations projects in scholarships for college essay, different roles from system analyst to project manager and was involved in all aspects of implementation. Apart from that Simon has operational experience in Production Planning and Material Management. At early 1997 Simon started working at dissertation headings IBM IGS Israel as an SAP PP consultant. Since early 1999 Simon has been working in the USA where he completed by now three SAP Projects. Currently employed by DigitalWare Corporation.
Certified APO Consultant: Two weeks full-time SAP APO Advanced Supply Chain Planning Optimization Training at the SAP Training Center at scholarships Chicago, IL. Certified PP Consultant: Five weeks full-time SAP PP track at the SAP Training Center at UK. B.Sc. Degree in Industrial Engineering 4 years, full time , Tel-Aviv University 1984 . Certified System Analyst 1990 . TOC Theory of Constrains, Constrained based Planning Seminar. 1994.
Full life cycle Implementation Projects 4 : Primary Module: PP - Production Planning / SCM. Secondary Module: MM - Material management LIS Logistic Information System / Flexible Planning Other modules exposure, integration and s world essays, detail knowledge: SD Sale and Distribution / Supply-Chain PS Project System Upgrade Projects 2 Accelerated SAP ASAP Project one of the above 4 . Team Leader on scholarships 2013 essay SAP development project Technical skills: ABAP, CATT, ABAP Query. Industry exposure: Food, Metal, High-Tech. Training: Class Instructor on PP LIS Modules, Preparation of training scenario/documentation. PP Production Planning / Supply Chain.
Implementation of the standard functionality of the PP module. Make-to-Stock and the canadian writer essays 2nd ed, Make-to-Order environment. Work experience includes the for college 2013, following PP sub-modules: Sales Operation Planning, Demand Management, Long Term Planning, MPS, MRP, Production Orders, Capacity Planning, Product Costing. Analysis and configuration of PP Master Data including Material Master, Work Centers, BOM, Routing and CAPP. Scholarship Essays 2009? Other areas: Inter-Plant Planning, Sub-Contracting.
Duties performed included analyzing business requirements, carrying out fit-gap analysis, process design, customization, and resolution of bugs with OSS and ABAP programmers. 2013 Essay? ATP configuration for PP, MM SD modules. Preparation and presentation of tale tell, new concepts and scholarships students essay, solutions to senior management. Special emphasizes on the ability to implement overall Supply Chain/ logistic planning cycle and deliver business results: improved customer service and reduced inventory levels. Preparation and execution of key users training classes.
Team Leader on SAP development project to enhance Make-to-Order/ Project System functionality. MM Material management. Detailed knowledge of purchasing, material files, and stock handling processes. Work experience includes the following MM sub-modules: Inventory Management, Forecast Based Planning, Purchasing, Vendor Evaluation and Physical Inventory. SD Sale and dissertation, Distribution. Detailed knowledge of sales processes from supply chain perspective. Work experience includes distribution functions, cross-plant distribution, ATP across plants and delivery procedures. PS Project System. Detailed knowledge of integration points between PP/MM and PS. Experience with operation of Project System processes.
LIS Logistic Information System. Detailed knowledge of LIS, implementation of LIS including both Standard Flexible Analysis. Conceptualization, design and management of development project. ABAP: Report design and programming. ABAP Query reporting. CATT Data upload.
Preparation of scholarships for college, training scenarios on the system, training documentation. Class Instructor on apa 6 dissertation headings PP LIS Modules. Application software skills MS Office : presentation, spreadsheet, word processing applications and scholarships for college students, Access Database. Morgan Korea - The Korean subsidiary of Morgan. Project: Managed by SAP America. Overall implementation covering modules FI/CO, PP, MM SD. This is an Accelerated SAP project that focus on implementing R/3 version 4.6C quickly with a small team in order to submissions creative, meet budget constrains SME market . The project is for college 2013 essay based on the PCC Pre-Configured Client for consumer industries a component of ASAP methodology and tools. Role: Sr.
SAP PP and MM Consultant. Implementation of standard functionality of the PP and MM module of version 4.6C of R/3 in a discrete manufacturing Make-to-Stock environment. Duties includes analyzing business requirements, carrying out fit-gap analysis, process design, customization, master data upload, integration testing, key users training and resolution of bugs with OSS. PP sub-modules implemented: Sales Operation Planning, Demand Management, Long Term Planning, MRP, Production Orders, Capacity Planning, Product Costing. Writing? Analysis and configuration of PP Master Data including Material Master, Work Centers, BOM and Routing.
PP Master Data upload via CATT s including Material Master, Work Centers and for college essay, BOM. Significant involvement in the MM module implementation, business process design and fit-gap analysis. Dassin Industries - The world leader Engineer-to-Order Production Lines Machines cooperation. This project was part of a worldwide SAP implementation and apa 6 dissertation, is responsible for USA, Canada and scholarships for college students, UK sites. The project offices are located in Wisconsin, USA. Project: Overall implementation covering modules FI/CO, PS, PP, MM, WM, SD. The project included: Implementing R/3 version 4.6C for the canadian essays 2nd ed a large new site. Upgrade project from 4.0B to 4.6C. Support for other 4.0B sites.
Role: Sr. SAP PP Consultant. This project was highly integrated in nature and requires knowledge of several modules and for college students 2013 essay, integration understanding in order to make a contribution. Planning issues includes both Make-to-Order and tale, Make-to-Stock strategies. PP sub-modules implemented: Sales Operation Planning, Demand Management, MRP, Production Orders, Capacity Planning, Product Costing and Sub-Contracting. For College Students 2013? Analysis and configuration of PP Master Data including Material Master, Work Centers, BOM, Routing and CAPP due to the engineering nature of the organization the project had strong emphasis on PP Master Data creation procedures and interface with a PDM product . Integration points included strong emphasis on integration with the PS module as well as MM, WM, SD and CO. CAPP Master Data upload via CATT s. ATP configuration for SD, MM missing parts and PP. SAP development project: Conceptualization, design and management. Submissions Creative Writing? This project provides enhancements to standard SAP for Make-to-Order environment.
The unique aspect about this project was that it provided new functionality without ANY modification to standard SAP code. TDR Steel - One of the largest steel companies in the USA. The main facility is located near Chicago and other three production plants and distribution centers are spread across the scholarships for college 2013, nation. Project: Overall implementation and project covering modules FI, CO, MM, PP, SD of R/3 version 3.0F. The project took place in a multi-company/ multi-plant environment and included upgrade project from 3.0F to 4.5B. Role: SAP PP and MM Sr.
Consultant. Implementation of standard functionality of the PP module of version 3.0F of R/3 in a discrete manufacturing environment. Duties include analyzing business requirements, carrying out fit-gap analysis, process design, heavy customization, training key users, and essays, resolution of bugs with OSS and ABAP programmers. The client recognizes that my work led to significant improvements in business results in the Supply-Chain area including substantial reduction in stock levels and improved customer service. PP sub-modules implemented: Sales Operation Planning, Demand Management, MRP, Production Orders, Capacity Planning, Product Costing and Sub-Contracting. Analysis and configuration of PP Master Data including Material Master, Work Centers, BOM and Routing.
LIS. ATP configuration for for college 2013 essay SD and PP. The Canadian S World Essays? MM sub-modules implemented: Forecast Based Planning, Purchasing, Vendor Evaluation and Physical Inventory. ABC Japan IS unit at Tokyo, Japan. Role: Training assignment:
Preparation of 2013 essay, training scenarios on the system, training documentation. Class Instructor on PP LIS Modules. SEDECO Netherlands - Seed Business. Role: SAP PP Consultant. Improvement/ support re the standard functionality of the PP module in a discrete manufacturing environment.
Customer: Lock-Safe Ltd. - The largest security doors and locks concern in Israel with exports to the EC USA. Project: Overall implementation and roll-out project covering modules FI, CO, MM, PP, SD of R/3 version 3.0F. The project is taking place in a multi-company 5 , multi-plant environment. Role: SAP PP Consultant. Implementation of standard functionality of the PP module of version 3.0F of R/3 in discrete manufacturing environment. Duties include analyzing business requirements, carrying out fit-gap analysis, process design, customization, training key users, resolution of best writing service, bugs with OSS and ABAP programmers. For College 2013? The project is characterized by unique PP solutions per company/plant, large amount of master data and complexity of holywell, logistics processes. Role: PP track at the SAP Training Center at UK April 1997 . Further PP training.
Pre-Sale support of SAP including product presentation to potential customers and scholarships 2013, preparation of heart statement thesis, quotes for scholarships for college students essay SAP projects. Other ERP/MRP Projects/Engagements. GURON Information Systems. Role: Founder Owner Manager. Guron is the scholarship 2009, sole representative of Inmass/MRP MRP System in scholarships for college students, Israel. During 1996 Inmass/MRP has been sold and installed at scholarship essays 2009 5 High-Tech Companies, among them Metalink NASDAQ: MTLK , US Robotics Israel, Aptel Ltd. For College Students Essay? Simon has done the Product Management for all companies.
Main: Sales, Pre Post Sale Support, Product Management, implementation of submissions, Inmass/MRP. Role: Manager of Information Systems. Implementation of INMASS/MRP. Implementation of TQM projects. Scholarships? 50 reduction of Raw Material Stock and overall improvement of the company Operation Process. Development of applications in MS Access. Telecom Australia Pty Ltd. Note: From July 1990 to heart tell, April 1993 my family and I have lived in Sydney Australia. Role: MRP System Specialist. Implementation of SYMIX ERP/MRP System. Operational responsibilities to Production Planning Control, Purchasing and Stock of PABX Product Line.
Israeli Military Industries employed by a Software House named Informix. Role: Project Leader Senior Consultant. AMAPS MRP package. The current Client Server version is DB Implementation, multi-plant environment at three Divisions, mainly at the Rockets Systems Division. ARDS Food Industries - the largest food company in Israel. Role: Purchasing System Implementation Project Leader. AMAPS Purchasing module Implementation in a multi-plant environment. Participation on the overall Implementation in a multi-plant environment. J. Gladstone Assoc. 2013 Essay? - Consulting Engineers During university studies.
Role: Various projects: Optimization of Work Processes, Warehouses, Plant Layout and Time Study. MS Access for Developers - 1995 MFG/PRO ERP package course - 1993 SYMIX ERP package course - 1992 AMAPS MRP package courses - 1984-5. Samples represent that of an actual working technical professional found on the WEB and modified to protect the privacy of these professionals. Human names, company names, colleges, software product names are intentionally made up. I am providing a resume that highlights some of my skills in SAP with specific details focussed on thesis holywell my training and Project Management skills. I am an scholarships, incorporated individual who has spent the essay writing service uk review, last 7 years providing management, training and support for 8 SAP implementations. My value add is my strong grasp of business needs and broad knowledge of SAP process requirements with the view to changing business processes and scholarships for college 2013, enabling end users.
My roles during this time have included: Project manager for several midsize technical and training projects. Change Management leader for rebuilding quote to cash sales process Process Planner for SAP and Operational Support. Scholarship 2009? Team lead for operational and for college students 2013, SAP Helpdesks. Submissions? Course Creator and Editor of SAP training in PS, PM, FI/CO, MM and HR.
SAP End User Trainer for essay PS, PM, MM and HR. Service Uk Review? Career Manager, Mentor and trainer of junior staff, field trainers and scholarships for college 2013 essay, super users. Escalation and Change Control Coordinator. My exposure to business has included both domestic and international oil and gas production and distribution, electrical and telecommunications utilities, grain marketing and educational and chapter headings, government environments. I have the strong business background that enables me to map work processes to application functionality. My Master s degree in Computer Applications, computer network certification Novell CNE , and Win95 support certification provide the strong technical skills and broad knowledge base for developing efficient solutions to complex issues. I can provide you with the students 2013 essay, skills needed to sustain your clients in responding to the challenges of implementing new technology. I thank you for your attention in online creative, this matter and essay, urge you to apa 6 dissertation, call me to scholarships 2013 essay, discuss this or any questions you may have. Scholarship Essays? I look forward to that conversation. Samples represent that of an actual working technical professional found on the WEB and modified to students, protect the privacy of these professionals.
Human names, company names, colleges, software product names are intentionally made up. 40 Green Ivy Ave. Revere, WI 54313. An outstanding technical leader in the SAP R/3 Basis and cross application environment with over 20 years of experience in information systems including 10 years supporting SAP. Has been involved in planning, implementation and writer essays, support of SAP R/3 and R/2 Basis systems. Has experience with SAP R/3 releases 2.2, 3.0, 3.1, 4.0, 4.5, 4.6 and WAS 6.10. Scholarships Students 2013 Essay? Also has experience with BW and APO.
Has been very successful in mentoring the apa 6 chapter, client staff at each of his assignments due to extensive teaching experience. Experienced in team leadership and technical project management. Team player who always gets the job done. SAP R3 Experience Highlights: 6 years of Basis planning, implementation and support. 6 years of system tuning and performance. Scholarships? 5 years corrections and transport. Scholarship Essays 2009? 5 years troubleshooting and debugging including RFC, gateway, ALE, Workflow . 4 years security with full security implementations and profile generator. Scholarships For College 2013? 4 years troubleshooting functional problems including ABAP trace. 4 years installation and scholarship 2009, upgrade. 4 years UNIX HP, DEC, AIX 4 years NT 3 years ALE 3 years backup and recovery 2 years ABAP with screen painter and menu painter 2 years Internet, ITS, IAC 1+ years APO 1+ years BW 1 year Workflow 1 year Archiving.
JSB10 - System Administration I. JSB20 - System Administration II UNIX, Oracle. JSB40 - System Administration III CTS. CA010 - SAP Authorization Concept. BC - SAP R/3 Performance. BC - SAP ABAP 4.0 Update.
BC600 - SAP Business Workflow Introduction. BC610 - Building and scholarships for college students 2013 essay, using SAP Business Workflow. BC355 - APO Administration. BC555 - Livecache Administration. March 2001 Current. Project: Internal SAP Projects - March 2002 Current. Provided Basis support for 20 systems. Provided APO support Provided BW support. Provided ITS and Workplace support. Supported MS Exchange Connector. Provided Corrections and Transport support with STMS.
Installations and essays, upgrades APO 20B,30A, BW 20B,21C,30A Provided SAP Security support. Project: Advanced Education - April 2001 March 2002. Provided Basis support for for college students 2013 essay 15 systems. Provided APO support Provided BW support. Involved in scholarship 2009, problem solving of many functional problems.
Helped manage technical aspects of ASAP. Scholarships For College 2013? Supported SAP on IBM AIX/SP UNIX and binding holywell, Red Hat Linux. Provided ITS support for Collaborative Demand Planning, BW Web Reporting and R/3 Web reporting. For College? Set up Central User Administration. Best Writing? Helped develop the time zone strategy. Helped setup MS Exchange Connector and for college essay, Fax Sr. connections. The Canadian S World 2nd Ed? Provided Corrections and Transport support with STMS.
December 1999 March 2001. Project: Fidelity Group, North America - June 2000 March 2001. Provide Basis support for 9 systems. Team Leader of scholarships for college 2013 essay, 46C upgrade. Provided Corrections and best, Transport support. Provided Performance tuning and for college 2013 essay, monitoring support.
Completed several systems copies and refreshes. Completed several Oracle restores and apa 6, recoveries using ADSM. Scholarships? Client copies of large production clients. Oxford Holywell? Helped troubleshoot application problems. Supported SAP on IBM AIX/SP UNIX with ADSM and EMC2.
HACMP testing and scholarships 2013 essay, support Archiving. Project: Sacramento/Pharmacia - December 1999 June 2000. Provided Basis Support for 23 systems 5 production with 57 servers Provided Corrections and Transport support Provided support for printers, OSS, and security. Provided Monitoring and troubleshooting of RFC and essay writing, Gateways. Provided Performance tuning and monitoring Installed Archiving Information System and Legacy System Management tools Applied SAP Notes to 23 systems. Scholarships Students? Implemented Technical Upgrade of 3.1H HP34-HP58 with retrofit of SAP Notes Used ABAP trace and other tools to solve application problems Provide monitoring and troubleshooting for ALE problems. Helped with upgrade of R3 3.1H to 46B and installed Platform-independent GUI Created Data Dictionary components in support of oxford thesis binding, ABAP development Supported SAP on for college students Compaq and HP UNIX.
December 1996 December 1999. Project: ABC - July 1999 November 1999. Provided all the Basis support for implementation of best service uk review, 45B on for college essay Windows NT Provided Corrections and Transport support with STMS Installed KPMG R2I Chemical Template and SAP Consumer Products Installed 4.5B and upgraded from heart statement tale tell, 4.0B to 4.5B. Scholarships 2013 Essay? Used Document Management System, Archiving and oxford thesis holywell, did XIOS planning. 2013? Installed ITS and used IACs to communicate between SAP and Internet.
Did Planning and Sizing for APO,B2B, and BIW. Project: Ashley Pump - June 1999. Performed a Basis audit on Windows NT and SAP 4.0B system Provide infrastructure planning Did performance and tuning on the canadian s world essays 2nd ed 4.0B development and students essay, production systems. Project: Great Builders - March 1999 April 1999. Recommended changes to Windows NT SAP system based on Audit Review Worked on Business Workflow in classification system Provided Performance and tuning recommendations Analyzed their SAP file systems and gave archiving recommendations. Online Writing? Created automated startup and shutdown scripts.
Project: Dragonfly - August 1998 February 1999. Provided all the Basis support for implementation of 4.0B on Windows NT Provided Corrections and Transport support with STMS Installed WINFAX and connected to SAP FAX interface Provided a Full Security Implementation with Profile Generator Provided all Network support and Windows NT support. Provided Functional support implementing MM, PM, HR, PP, SD, WM, QM Wrote 2 applications in ABAP including transactions with screen and 2013 essay, menu painter. Project: SAP America at Cupertino - February 1997 July 1998. Provided Basis Support for 27 systems 5 production Provided Corrections and Transport support Applied SAP Notes to 25 systems. Apa 6? Used ABAP trace and other tools to scholarships 2013 essay, solve application problems Provided Security troubleshooting and support Provide support and troubleshooting for Workflow, ALE, and ITS Installed beta SAP IAC for web requisitioning Provided Monitoring and heart tale tell, troubleshooting of scholarships 2013, RFC and binding, Gateways Provided Performance tuning and monitoring Supported SAP on Digital and HP UNIX. Project: SAP America at 2013 Groton Networking - December 1996 and scholarship 2009, March 1997. Installed 3.0E on AIX Upgraded 3.0E to 3.0F on AIX. Warren Clark Corporation. October 1990 December 1996.
SAP R/3 Technical Project Leader. Responsible for planning, implementation and for college students 2013 essay, support of the SAP R/3 Infrastructure and UNIX system management. Writing? Upgrades and scholarships for college students 2013 essay, Production responsibilities in oxford thesis binding holywell, the areas of: Capacity Planning System Tuning Back-up and Recovery System Maintenance Procedures User Security Correction and Transport Responsible for for college System Tuning, Database Administration and Operating System support for tale production site. SAP R/2 Technical Support. Responsible for scholarships for college students planning, implementation and support of R/2 Infrastructure for Europe and submissions creative, Australia R/2 systems. Upgrades and Production responsibility in the areas of: Capacity Planning System Tuning System Configuration Analyzed performance options of VSE and MVS and then assisted in moving R/2 system to MVS. Project leader for Lotus Notes Infrastructure design and implementation. Web server implementation on Sun Solaris Responsible for performance of MVS systems and scholarships for college essay, associated software. Ariadna Mutual Life Insurance Company. Capacity and Equipment Planning. Responsible for all mainframe equipment purchases.
Managed a capital equipment budget, which averaged 5 million per year, including the purchase of a 10 million Amdahl computer and essays 2009, millions of dollars in disk purchases. Responsible for managing performance of MVS systems. MVS Systems Programmer. Responsible for MVS and JES3 systems. Installations and upgrades of MVS, JES3 and other infrastructure products. Problem solving for for college essay all MVS systems. Essay Uk Review? Responsible for disaster recovery for MVS systems. Bachelor of Science, Mathematics, University of Wisconsin. Master of Science, Mathematics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Qualifying and scholarships for college students 2013, Preliminary PHD Exams, Mathematics, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Samples represent that of an actual working technical professional found on the WEB and modified to heart statement thesis, protect the privacy of these professionals. Human names, company names, colleges, software product names are intentionally made up. SAP HR, MM - ABAP Technical / Functional Consultant. SAP R/3 Team Lead Technical Consultant with 5+ years experience in students 2013 essay, HR, MM, SD, FI/CO and PM up to version 4.6 C 4 years US experience, including Public Sector, Pharmaceutical, manufacturing, transport, Process Industries and big 5. Worked in Full life cycle implementation, Upgradation Project. ABAP skills set include Data Archive Reports, BDC, Data Dictionary,Report Writer, SAP Script, Transactions, ALE, Idoc, Query,Interface programming, SAP Business Work Flow. 16 years rich functional experience in manufacturing industries Excellent communication skills and natural team player. Software: SAP R/3, Forms-4.5 and Reports 2.5/ Developer 2000 Languages: ABAP/4, C SAP Modules: HR, MM, SD, PM, FI/CO. BS Mechanical Engineering. Diploma in Management.
Post Graduate Diploma in Marketing Management. Diploma in Unix, C and Oracle. 1. Johnson Systems, Inc., Atlanta, GA. ABAP Technical Consultant - SAP HR / 4.6C CEI. Environment: IBM - Server and Windows 2000 / Windows ME - PC. Responsibilities: Worked on the out bound interface from binding, SAP to Frick Company dealing with Unemployment data . Analysis of the existing system Gathering requirements for the development of Interface Preparing User Interface design documentation. Develop the program Test the program with respect to its performance and 2013 essay, accuracy. Transport the program from Development box to Quality assurance box.
2. Durham Cement, Littleton, NH. June 01 to statement thesis, Nov 01. ABAP Technical Consultant - SAP HR / 4.6C CEI. Environment: IBM - Server and Windows 2000 / Windows ME - PC. Analysis of the existing system Gathering requirements for the development of scholarships for college 2013 essay, Interface User exits. Preparing User Interface design documentation. Develop the program Test the program with respect to its performance and accuracy.
Transport the program from tale thesis, Development box to Quality assurance and Production box. Worked on the following User Exits and Interfaces. Benefit Life / ADD Plan - To change Employee Cost and Employer Credit for each age band and salary. Benefit Retiree Plan - Using Custom Table Flex dollar amount obtain employee / employer cost. Salary and Age freeze for Life/ADD and LTD Plans. Cats User exit for single screen solution for employee Pay information for HR/Payroll and employee time for work order. Refresh Cat2 time entry screen when wrong entry made. New Hire Data Payroll data to scholarships for college 2013, Frick Company Unicare Dependent Care Spending Unicare Health care spending Unicare - Medical Dental Eligibility Credit Union Deductions Gelco-cost Center data Incentive Pay details. Also developed Custom Info type - 9000 tables. 3. The Canadian Writer Essays 2nd Ed? Mayflower Pharmaceuticals, Boston, MA.
ABAP Technical Consultant - SAP HR / 4.6C CEI. Environment: Main frame Sever - Windows 98 / 2000 - PC. Analysis of the existing Legacy Reports Gathering requirements for the development of the report program. Preparing User design documentation. Develop the program Test the program with respect to its performance and accuracy. For College 2013? Transport the program from Development box to Quality assurance and Production box. Worked on the following reports: Event management reports Employee turn over reports Compensation Report Age years of service Report Benefit Insurance plan premium report HMO Participants to vendor report Group Universal Life Payments report. 4. American Airlines, Fort Worth, TX. ABAP Technical Consultant - SAP HR / 4.6C CEI.
Environment: Main frame Sever - Windows 98 / 2000 - PC. Analyzed Payroll and Time management reports requirement and prepared High level and detailed specification and collected basic requirement for coding the Report programs. Performed Gap analysis and formatting report specification. Preparing User design documentation. Develop the program Test the program with respect to its performance and accuracy. Some of the reports are: Shift time recording report.
Wage type statement. Tax setup exemptions. Workers Compensation information report. 5. MIRAMIS Pharmaceuticals, Rochester, NY. ABAP Technical Consultant - SAP HR / 4.0b.
Environment: Windows NT Sever - Windows NT - PC. Worked as Technical Consultant in the OMNI Project - implementation of Gross to Net Payroll and writer essays 2nd ed, merging of two company data RPR HMR . Performed Gap analysis and formatting report specification. Preparing User design documentation. Scholarships Students? Develop the program Test the essay writing service uk review, program with respect to its performance and scholarships for college students 2013, accuracy. The following are some of the work done by me here: Created a Dynamic Program to update Info type 0003 whenever Info type 0014 or 0015 created for retired and terminated people. Worked on headings Schema to students 2013 essay, extract information for Insurance Benefit using UBEN features and User Exits Modified STD SAP RPLICO10 program - Flexible employee report to suit client requirement. Online Submissions? Developed a Interface program for Metlife Insurance company.
Modified STD SAP RPCLJNU0 Payroll Journal Report to suit client requirement. Modified Remuneration statement Report RPCEDTUO to suit client requirement. Labor and Liability report Deduction Wage type Summary reports. Base Payroll / Work Hours Report. 6. Advanced Technologies, Raleigh, NC. Team Lead ABAP Pricing - SAP MM / SD - 4.5b. Environment: IBM - main frame Server - IBM -PC. Worked as Team Lead in for college 2013, MMLC- Pricing Technical team consisting of six members both as support function and writing uk review, testing of Data Integrity in 4.5b version of SAP MM module and SD Module. Performed Gap analysis and formatting Program specification. Preparing User design documentation.
Develop the program Test the program with respect to scholarships students, its performance and accuracy. Worked in apa 6 dissertation headings, the following Areas: Worked on 2013 essay Parallel currency and scholarship 2009, Euro currency in the pricing table Enhance Program ZDMRFAXX - for pricing with development class ZDMM Update Pricing tables - ZPRCTAB, ZDMRFA. Changed Table Domain to accommodate increased Italian Lire currency and modified Screen using Screen painter. Modified Program ZDMLOGRP to 2013 essay, show errors in the count. 7. Amtrak, New Ark, NY. ABAP Technical Team Lead - SAP HR Payroll- 4.0b. Environment: IBM - AS400 Server With Windows 98 PC.
Led a team of four members in designing, implementing and maintaining the scholarship essays, project plan for implementing Data Migration and Interface between SAP and Legacy. Data Archived for data conversion from ASCII character to SAP system using EBCDIC Charter set Worked on SAP Business Work Flow related to Employee Hiring including employee events such as when an employee is hired, or leaves the company, or is reassigned within the company. Students 2013 Essay? Responsible for dissertation chapter the analysis Work Flow like New Hire, Leave of scholarships 2013, Absence LOA , Termination, Retirement with pay, Retirement without pay Design of the canadian 2nd ed, batch programs, documentation, testing, and Data migration of over thirty info types in scholarships students, organizational management, Payroll, Tax, benefits and Master data for over forty thousand employees. Use Interface toolbox PU12 to upload master data interface from flat file to online, SAP with a specific format using Interface Toolbox Conversion master data, payroll data, Benefit Tax data with a specific format using Interface Toolbox Responsible to create Batch data conversion program for for college students 2013 essay migration of Legacy data into SAP data in to Master data, Payroll, Benefit, and best essay uk review, tax Info types like Group1- basic Info type 0000,0001,0002. Group2-Info types 0006, 0007, 0008, Group3-Info types 0014,0015, Group4- Info types 0207,0208,0209,0210, Group5- Info types 0169, 0170 etc. For College? Responsible for scholarship the analysis, design of Interface programs, documentation, testing of out bound interface and scholarships for college, custom info types. Developed an ADP interface including code mapping to wage types using custom code in the processing time for block of ADP master data. Developed three Interface Programs for Wyatt using Idoc. Additional responsibilities - Post Implementation Support in identification of errors and eliminating them. 8. Kruger Cements, Arlington, PA.
ABAP Technical Consultant, SAP- 3.1h - PM. Environment: Unix Sever - Windows PC. Responsible for creation of the canadian essays, Batch program for for college essay data migration in Plant maintenance module, testing and documentation of data transfer. Utilize Proteus tool to create Batch data programs linking various fields with rules. 9. Parametric Decisions, Nashville, TN. Functional consultant in SAP HR 3.1h. Environment: Oracle Database NT-server - Windows PC. Responsible for the analysis of Payroll reports, Gap analysis and formatting report specification.
Some of the reports are. State / Local Tax body info report Tax body Audit trial report Payroll balancing Wage Tax information report Check / Advances in excess of 5000 10000 report. Workers Compensation report. Responsible for creation of technical coding sheet with various fields. Responsible for creating specification for testing reports and classifying them. 10. Duglas Brothers Incorporation, Chicago, IL. SAP Functional / Technical consultant MM. Environment: Unix Server - Windows PC.
Member of MM Functional team in identifying upgrade requirements. Responsible in identification of submissions, up gradation patches and applied patches. Responsible in creating program for scholarships for college 2013 essay pricing using BOM, Customer over due balance. Responsible in creating SD reports Daily Customer Unshipped orders, back order. Online Creative Writing? Enhancement of 2013, Program RFDOPR00 FI Customer evaluation over oxford thesis holywell due balance . 11. 2013 Essay? Alpha Petrochemical Company, Saudi Arabia. ABAP Technical consultant. in scholarship essays 2009, SAP HR 3.0e Payroll. Environment: Main-frame Server - Windows PC.
Responsible to Prepared detailed design documentation for Technical requirement. Scholarships For College Students 2013 Essay? Responsible to develop Report Program. Some of the SAP-reports upgraded to apa 6 dissertation chapter, suit client requirement: Wage type summary - Program name RFFOD_U Pay roll summary - Program name RPCLGAOO Payroll register - Program name RPCLSTRX Bank list for for college direct deposit - Program name RFFOD_U Gosi Report - Emp No wise - Program name RPCLSTRX Gosi Report - Gosi No wise - Program name RPCLSTRX Introduction of Cheque no in Allocation field - Program name SAPMF05L. The following are some of the reports developed. Temporary Employees list Employee wise monthly Travel and Expenses report Reservation Ticketing MM module Polyethylene movement summary FI/MM/SD - module Reservation Pick Ticketing Shop Paper - PM module Monthly work schedule for essays 2009 the employees. 12. ABC Software International Ltd., Madras, India.
Functional Consultant - SAP MM, 3.0e. Responsible for the analysis, design, configuration, documentation, testing, and final implementation of Details will be given separately Materials Management Inventory Management System Warehouse Management System. Details of Functional experience spanning sixteen years in Engineering IT Related Manufacturing Industries will be provided upon request. Materials management Module. MM005: Overview of Materials Management. MM010: Introduction to Materials Management; MM020: Purchasing Guide; BC160 : ABAP/4 for new Programmers;
BC030 : R/3 Data dictionary. BC170 : ABAP/4 Programming; BC175 : Report programming techniques. BC180 : ABAP/4 Data Interfaces; BC185 : Programming logical databases. BC200 : ABAP/4 Query; BC220 : Introduction to On-line Programming. BC230 : Advanced techniques in On-line Programming; CA110 : SAP Script Texts, styles, Layout sets.
CA120 : SAP Script Programming interface. Samples represent that of an actual working technical professional found on the WEB and modified to scholarships, protect the privacy of these professionals. Human names, company names, colleges, software product names are intentionally made up. 1204 Hillcrest Drive. Irving, TX 76207. Results oriented, team player who can significantly reduce costs improve organizational efficiency using skills in Enterprise Resource Planning ERP , Project Management, Finance Training. Business Process Improvement Customer focused.
SAP configuration Project Management MBA, financial planning Training development, delivery. Horizon, Dallas, TX. SAP SYSTEMS SPECIALIST. Saved Horizon 30 million with implementation of Warehouse Management WM process via SAP Plant Maintenance PM and Materials Management MM modules Performed requirements gathering, analysis, and mapping of business processes Configured Plant Maintenance: FLOC, equipment, orders, master data Configured Materials Management: master data, material codes, storage locations Production Planning PP module experience: MRP, BOM, work centers Also worked with the following modules: Asset Accounting AA , Project Systems PS Created ABAP and Workflow design specification documents, utilized user exits Wrote Design Interface Specifications to legacy systems, Smallword COEMOD Worked with programmers, debugging coding and interfaces Performed system testing, unit, string, integration, with negative positive scenarios Wrote test scripts, performed system validation, and online creative, production support Performed data cleansing,conversion with extracts using Access VBA SAP IBIP Created training documentation, trained all levels of scholarships students essay, users at thesis multiple locations Handled support Help Desk issues for scholarships for college students users in best writing uk review, several states Coordinated security issues and all changes to user authorization profiles Developed SQL reports on Horizon s Data Warehouse system VFrame pulling data from scholarships students 2013 essay, 90 different systems including SAP, PeopleSoft Hyperion using the Viador web portal. North America Computers, Dallas, TX. SAP SYSTEMS SPECIALIST. Saved North America Computers 10 million with implementation of SAP modules, Sales Distribution SD , Materials Management MM and best essay service uk review, HR Training Events module Promoted from National Training Contracts Project Manager Won Best Run Project award from scholarships for college students 2013, CEO of submissions writing, SAP, 1999 Configured SAP Sales Distribution, 32,000 orders at 5M per month Configured SAP Materials Management MM Utilized recursive Bill of Materials BOM Configured HR Training Events, handling 1 million customers per year Also worked with the following modules: Finance FI , Control CO Directed go-live and production support operations Supervised both configuration and ABAP customization Created training documentation, trained users at students 2013 multiple locations Handled Help Desk issues for 200 locations, 800 people. Instruments Maintenance, Amarillo, TX. ORG DEVELOPMENT SPECIALIST.
Played major role in TI s winning of the Baldrige National Quality award in 1992 Directed TQM and Teaming for Excellence project, over 2000 participants Facilitated Strategic Planning process, won UNT best paper award Managed all IT division performance measurements, reduced cost/turn-over Utilized the Oregon Productivity Matrix, improved team accountability Coordinated SEI related activities, tracked group metrics Directed all Quality Programs and related training Implemented Motorola s Six Sigma, tailored to software staff Taught Cycle Time Defect Reduction, participated on design teams Certified as DDI team trainer, delivered 100 classes. Instruments Maintenance, Amarillo, TX. IT FINANCIAL MANAGER. Promoted from online submissions, Computer Operations Manager, reduced cost 25M per scholarships for college, year Consolidated control staff, reduced from 5 sites to 1 Managed financials for essays 24 cost centers, 20 computer product lines Directed capital acquisitions, division allocations and streamlined process Negotiated maintenance contracts with Honeywell, Xerox saving 12m annually Implemented SAS interface to students essay, voucher register, improving lease accrual process. Instruments Maintenance, Amarillo, TX. Promoted to Department Planner, improved MLO forecast variances Managed manufacture of E-Beam Systems, electrical and statement tale thesis, mechanical assemblies Handled 250K in purchased components, implemented master scheduling Coordinated fabrication with machine shop, improved cycle time Monitored final system test in clean room facility, completed life cycle study. SAP Plant Maintenance L0100, PM configuration L0815, 2000. SAP Human Resources HR050, HR Training Events HR515, ASAP,1999. MBA Amberton University, Garland, TX 1993.
MS Industrial Technology UNT Denton, TX 1979. BS Industrial Technology UNT Denton, TX 1975. Windows, PC and scholarships for college students, NT * SAP Sales Distribution Module SAP Plant Maintenance Module SAP Materials Management Module SQL and Oracle DB s Excel, Word, Powerpoint Access VBA coding MS Project and Lotus Notes Map Linx and Visio. Samples represent that of an actual working technical professional found on tale the WEB and modified to scholarships for college 2013, protect the privacy of writer s world 2nd ed, these professionals. Human names, company names, colleges, software product names are intentionally made up. 154 Lakeside Drive. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 13 years of strong IT and Logistics Management experience including app. 5 years of consulting on core SAP Logistics modules SD, MM and WM - 4 Full Cycle projects . Experience of SAP CRM and for college students 2013, Siebel CRM projects. Certified SAP SD and MM consultant. PMI certified Project Manager PMP . Well versed in 2009, Project Management methodologies as in PMBOK : FAST TRACKING, CPM, PERT, EV, GANTT, WBS, and Flow Charts.
Experience of Implementing, Configuring, Customizing, Post Go Live support User training in CRM, SD, MM WM. Integration with FI/CO/PP/QM/PM. Implementation, customizing and scholarships for college, user training of Siebel 5.0. MBA Marketing and BS Mechanical Engineering degrees. Organized and statement, Result oriented. Highly developed project management, communication, presentation, negotiation, administrative, analytical and customer service skills with strong team commitment. ASAP / Value SAP Methodology SAPScript, ABAP Query, EDI/IDOC and scholarships essay, CATT. Test Scripts, Unit Integration Testing and Post implementation support. Business Process End User Procedures.
CanadaPharmex Inc., Toronto, Canada. Principal Consultant / Project Manager. CanadaPharmex is the largest Canadian Pharmaceutical company employing more than 4500 people. Being in the healthcare sector, CanadaPharmex is creative governed under cGMP and FDA regulations. As a Principal consultant I provide 3rd. level support to around 600 users in SD, MM and WM. Am responsible for writing functional specs for special enhancements/modifications and for coordinating developments with ABAPers. Scholarships Students Essay? Am responsible for smooth working of interfaces with Third Party software/equipment like FMC AGV, Nova SKU and Freight Management System in apa 6, warehouses, EDI Gentran Subsystem , ECCnet, Credit Card authorization system, Airmiles loyalty program and other Reseller related custom developments. As Project Manager am responsible for managing IS department projects relating to SAP enhancement, modification and for college students, development.
This includes writing of Project Charters, Scope planning, resource and risk planning, issue management, implementation and post golive support. Am currently managing following projects for Fiscal year 2002- 2003: SAP system landscape upgrade. SAP Support package upgrade from online, 4.6C Support Pack 14 to Support Pack 32. CanadaPharmex Warehouse Expansion. Corp Review of Upgrading from 4.5B to scholarships 2013 essay, 4.6C versus moving to CanadaPharmex Inc. s 4.6C system. Artonics Inc., Montreal, Canada.
Logistics Application Consultant. Artonics is a SAP CBS Partner for the Eastern Canadian Provinces. Was involved in following projects on oxford thesis binding holywell behalf of Artonics: Bike Motors Corporation, Montreal, Canada, Nov. 2001 Mar. 2002. Bike Motors is the largest independent distributor of Motorbike accessories in Canada. Was the Project Manager and scholarships for college students essay, also responsible for implementing SAP CRM 2.0C Internet Sales . Both B2B and B2C business processes were implemented. Best Essay Writing Uk Review? Project involved customizing of R/3 and CRM, data replication, Web Shop creation and activation, Product catalog maintenance publishing, special development for scholarships for college 2013 ATP in scholarship essays, CRM and Web interface, and user exits for customer based plant determination.
Also responsible for User training. Greenville Group Inc., Greenville, Canada, Feb. Oct. Scholarships For College 2013 Essay? 2001. Greenville Group is one of the largest manufacturers, designers and distributors of caskets and funeral products in North America. Full cycle French language project involving FI/CO, MM, SD, QM, WM and PP modules 4.6C . Was responsible for SD and WM and also acted as proxy project manager. Main areas covered were Sales commissions, Rebates, Free Goods handling/Promotions, Special Pricing, Returns Processing, Bar Code integration, Serial Nos., EDI, Taxes, Shipping functions, Invoice lists, LIS, Variant Configuration and special Quality Notifications. Complete Warehouse setup was done in Toronto and Laval. Make to Order and Make to best essay writing service, Stock strategies. Also provided Super/End user training. Telecom Networks Inc., Montreal, Canada, Jul.
2000 Feb. 2001. Was a High Tech., start-up that designs and markets specialized products for the telecommunications industry. Full cycle project involving FI/CO, MM, SD, and PP module 4.6C using Value SAP methodology. Was Team Lead for SD and MM.
Main areas covered were Variant configuration, Sales commissions, User status management, Third party operation, Consignments, Special RMA, Taxes, shipping, SIS, stock transport orders, procurement and inventory management. Special Buy to Order strategy. Conducted Super User training. Spot Consulting at Hydro Quebec, Isofab, AVW Telav, Rotalec, Buscuit Leclerc, Draxis, and Bike Motors. Training assignments at Celestica and Isofab. BioMed Optoelectronics Inc., St. Louis, MO, USA.
Feb 1999 April 2000. BioMed Optoelectronics provides Digital Imaging, Sensor, Telecommunications and Lighting technologies to Customers in students essay, Biomedical, Communications and Industrial markets. A Global roll out project involving St. Louis - USA, Vaudreuil - Canada and 2009, Manila - Philippines. Provided SD functional expertise during project implementation and customisation phases 3.1H . Consulted, configured and fine tuned the R/3 system processes, Established master data, sales, billing, pricing and scholarships for college students, credit management. Post Go-live support. Carter Oil Ltd., Pakistan. March 1994 Feb 1999. An Affiliate of Chevron - Texaco.
Team Lead Siebel Project - Nov. 1998 Feb. 1999. Mapped Business processes, performed requirements analysis and functional customization to tale tell thesis, create customer information categories, individual views, tool bars and options. Trained users in setting options and using queries.
SD Team Lead SAP Project - March 1997 Dec. 1998. A Global Template Rollout project involving India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Involved from Conceptual Design stage. Significantly contributed in scholarships for college students 2013 essay, As is To be analysis, Business Processes / Blue Print finalization, QA checks, Integration and 2009, User acceptance testing. Organized end user documentation training.
Configured: Global Settings, Organizational Structures, Free Goods using sales BOMs, complex Pricing, Rebates, Credit Management, Billing, Output determination SIS. Integration with FI/CO, PP, MM and WM. Supervised configuration of shipping function, packing, transportation and students 2013 essay, warehouse management. Area Business Manager - March 1994 March 1997. Played key role in Product availability, Packaging, Pricing and Product launch decisions.
Developed and successfully managed effective distribution network throughout the region. Achieved and exceeded sales target two years in a row. Managed sales of USD3.0M. Supervised a team of 9 Marketing Officers and reported to Distribution Manager. USF Refrigeration Industries Limited, Pakistan. Aug 1992 - March 1994. URIL is the largest manufacturer and marketer of durable goods in essays 2009, Pakistan with a staff of over 4000 and annual revenues of over USD65 million. Managed sales of Dawlance brand of consumer appliances through extensive dealer network. Managed complete logistics operation and scholarships for college students 2013 essay, sales of USD5.0M.
Managed administrative and financial working of the branch and 2 warehouses. Supervised a staff of 23 and reported directly to the Managing Director. United Pakistan Refinery Ltd. July 1989 Aug 1992. UPRL is the largest multinational oil refinery in Pakistan. Planned and dissertation, supervised the maintenance of rotary/stationary equipment and tank farm. Technical correspondence and labor management. OPERATING SYSTEMS: Window 95/98/2000 and Windows NT 4.0. MS DOS. ERP: SAP R/3.
4.6C, 4.5A, 4.0B, 3.1H 3.0F. CRM: SAP, Siebel. Others: MS Office, MS Project, Visio, Page Maker. SAP20, LO530, LO531, WNAWMI, TASD40. Masters in 2013, Business Administration MBA . Bachelor of Engineering BS in the canadian writer s world essays, Mechanical Engineer. Samples represent that of an actual working technical professional found on the WEB and modified to protect the privacy of scholarships students, these professionals. Human names, company names, colleges, software product names are intentionally made up. Michelle Flynn has over 15 years experience in Information Systems. Apa 6? She specializes in SAP R/3 Basis Administration and has strong leadership and for college 2013, technical skills.
Her hardware and operating system experience includes RS/6000, AS/400, SUN Microsystems, Compaq, and Unisys using UNIX/AIX, OS/400, Solaris, and Microsoft NT respectively. Her database experience includes Oracle, DB2, and Microsoft SQL Server 7.0. Best Essay Service Uk Review? Her storage management experience includes EMC Symmetrix Systems. 7 Years dedicated to the SAP R/3 BASIS module, Michelle has performed Basis activities on five full end-to-end implementations. Experience includes implementation project management, hardware sizing, SAP R/3 installations and upgrades, OSS configuration, change request management, client landscape design, stress test activities, mentoring new R/3 Basis teams, R/3 monitoring, performance tuning, system administration, database administration, technical problem solving, security operating system and students, SAP , cutover tasks for SAP R/3 Go-Live, production support, storage / backup management and business continuation strategies.
R/3 implementations for the following: a large computer retailer 2000 end-users , a large china / crystal retailer 200 end-users , a global fuse corporation 1000 end-users , a large furniture corporation 500 end-users , and best uk review, a global telecommunications corporation 3000 end-users. Project planning, process workflow and implementation, end-user training, intranet design, and database design. R/3 Data Center Migration Lead, R/3 Performance Lead, R/3 Basis Mentor, Lead Basis Consultant, Systems Analyst/Basis Specialist, and Systems Administrator/Configuration Control. EMC Wizards Conference 2001, SAP TechEd 2000 1999, SAP 4.x Basis Administration Training, SAP R/3 Implementation for AS/400, SAP Core Competency Courses, SAP Basis Concepts, SAP R/3 Overview, Oracle Administration, UNIX Administration and Solaris Administration, various workshops on Basis processes and procedures. SAP Basis Certification, 1999. Computer Information Systems, Devry Technical Institute. B.S. Scholarships Students? Business, Major: Marketing 1990, Utah State University. North America Computers - Dallas, TX. September 1999 June 2001.
Consultant, IBM Global Services. Industry: Retail / Computing. Hardware Platform / OS / Database: Windows NT 4.0 ? MS SQL 7. EMC Control Center, Timefinder, SRDF, PowerPath. Compaq Servers Proliant Models. Project Scope: Implementation, configuration and apa 6 dissertation chapter headings, data center migration of scholarships students 2013 essay, SAP R/3 v. 4.5B and best essay uk review, 4.6B . Performance Lead responsibilities included maintaining defined CPU, DASD, and students essay, response-time dialog and background process thresholds, installing and configuring monitoring tools for online creative EMC and SAP?s CCMS and making recommendations to improve the performance of the R/3 Systems. Basis team Lead responsibilities included all R/3 Basis implementation tasks with emphasis on students business continuation, storage management, upgrade management, and backup and recovery strategies using EMC tools Timefinder and SRDF. Components being implemented: FI, SD, TEM, BTO, BW, APO. Specific Roles: Senior SAP R/3 Basis Administrator, R/3 Data Center Migration Lead, R/3 Performance Lead, Basis Team Lead, Basis Mentor. Jane Aikens, Inc., NJ.
Consultant, IBM Global Services. Industry: Retail / China, Crystal. Hardware Platform / OS / Database: AS/400 / 0S/400 V4R4M0. Project Scope: Implementation and configuration of SAP R/3 v. 4.5B . Primary responsibility included mentoring individuals on all R/3 Basis implementation tasks ranging from installation to ?go-live? platform sizing, installation, system monitoring/tuning, system/client management, support center reorganization, pre-production analysis, etc . Modules being implemented: FI, Retail. Specific Role: Basis Consultant - SAP R/3 - IBM Global Services.
Callahan Corporation, Des Plaines, IL. October 1998 August 1999. Consultant, IBM Global Services. Industry: Fuses Automotive. Hardware Platform / OS / Database: AS/400 / 0S/400 V4R3M0 / DB2.
Project Scope: Implementation and configuration of SAP R/3 v. 4.0B . Responsibilities included all R/3 Basis implementation tasks ranging from the canadian s world 2nd ed, installation to ?go-live? platform sizing, installation, system monitoring/tuning, system/client management, pre-production analysis, etc . Modules being implemented: FI, CO, PA, PD, MM, PP, QM, SD. Specific Role: Lead Basis Consultant - SAP R/3. Modern Furniture, Malden, NC. September 1998 - October 1998. Consultant, IBM Global Services. Hardware Platform / OS / Database: AS/400 / 0S/400 V4R2M0 / DB2.
Project Scope: Performance improvement on SAP R/3 system v. Scholarships 2013? 3.1H . Responsibilities included adjusting profile parameters to essay writing service, improve system performance, monitoring the R/3 system log, which included analyzing, recommending, and implementing solutions. Monitoring hardware usage via OS/400 such as CPU levels, disk arm utilization, system messages, and job logs. Also, collected LIC and COMM traces for for college students TCP/IP analysis by IBM Rochester acting as an ?on-site? liaison between Century Furniture and IBM Rochester. Specific Role: Basis Consultant - SAP R/3 - IBM Global Services. SouthTelecom, Irving, TX. April 1994 - July 1998. SAP Basis Administrator.
Hardware Platform / OS / Database: SUN E10000 / Solaris / Oracle. Project Scope: Implementation and configuration of SAP R/3 v. 3.1H . Responsibilities included developing and implementing policies and procedures for the GTE National SAP Support Center with emphasis on the SAP Basis change control processes. The processes consisted of control of fixes OSS Notes and Hot Packages , and the corrections and transports workflow. Other Basis responsibilities included system administration and profile configuration, client copies, deployment of tale thesis, system utilities, security administration, and technical problem solving. Participated in establishing a support center for scholarships students essay 3,000 SAP R/3 end-users. Responsibilities included SAPGUI deployment to local and remote sites. Designing and online, implementing the GTE SAP communications plan to scholarships 2013 essay, notify end-users of system outages. OSS administration including functionality troubleshooting and correcting OSS connectivity outages i.e., network connections, Frame Relay connections, saprouter process and OSS user administration. Applied SAP vendor code repairs. Designed and Implemented the GTE SAP Issues Tracking System SITS which included PowerBuilder design, Oracle administration, beta testing, enterprise-wide workstation deployment, and end-user training. Populated Lotus Notes database, ?GREGG?
GTE Repository of Enterprise Graphical Groupware which included in-depth analysis of the GTE legacy systems. Prior to R/3 Basis administration at GTE Corporation, Michelle was the lead Webmaster and set up the intranet site for the upcoming SAP project team. This intranet project included obtaining hardware, software Netscape Enterprise Server , selecting a team of webmasters for each functional and technical area in the department, training the webmasters and administering the web server. Specific Roles: SAP Basis Administrator, Unix / NT Systems Administrator, Web Administrator / Web Master. Samples represent that of an essays, actual working technical professional found on the WEB and modified to protect the privacy of these professionals. Human names, company names, colleges, software product names are intentionally made up. AN INDUSTRIAL EXPERIENCE OF OVER 9 YEARS AND SAP EXPERIENCE OF OVER 6 YEARS IN HR/FI. 9 Years Total IT experience including Consulting, Implementation, development, Configuration, Production Support and Training. For College Essay? Implementation of complete life cycle of HR project from 2009, Project design phase, Mapping customer requirement in SAP, continuing with configuration, testing and scholarships for college 2013 essay, implementation of various HR modules till supporting the end users in various sub modules of HR.
Specialization in the canadian writer s world 2nd ed, Personnel Administration Master data, Benefits, Payroll functions , Personnel development Qualifications, Appraisal management, Succession planning and integration with PA , Compensation Management including integration with PA, Time management and Organizational management including integration with cost centers in CO module. Knowledge of the country specific infotypes. Worked extensively with Wage types and their valuation. Expertise in other application areas: Employee Self Service ESS , Travel and Event Management, Time management, Travel and expense management, CATS, Integration of CATS with other modules like PP, MM, SD etc., Has extensive configuration experience as a team lead in managing HR implementation experience in version 3.1h to scholarships essay, 4.6c. Implemented projects under ASAP methodology. Hands on s world essays experience in ABAP/4 Designed and conducted courses for the client implementation team. Excellent communication, configuration and scholarships students, project management skills. M/s Addison Logistics Transportation solutions Worldwide, FL. Led workshops to obtain process configuration details for scholarship 2009 blue print and project scope determination.
Setting up of Wage types in Infotype 0008. Configuration of time management data integrating with Material Management though usage of CATS Cross Application Time Sheets. Successfully configured adhoc query for scholarships for college students flexible reports. Responsible for developing work plan for gross payroll run including supervision of SAP R/3 and online, client resources through realization phase. Interfacing HR Master data with ADP.
Off cycle payroll configurations. Setting up of Benefits along with Cost implications. Integration configuration to FI/CO through wage type mapping to scholarships for college 2013, symbolic accounts and G/L accounts. Conceptulized and 2009, configured the Time Structures including infotype 0007. Prepared and configured Work schdueled rules and for college 2013 essay, Shift rules. Configured Event Management data including cost implications. Reviewed deliverable contents including Business Process Procedures BPP s and unit test and integration test scenarios. Go live support for Post Implementation issues from head office to users across geographical locations.
Imparting training classes to super users. M/s Roland Lloyd Inc., NY. Conducted brainstorming sessions with the best writing, management and scholarships for college students 2013, super users and apa 6 dissertation chapter headings, designed the scholarships students, Enterprise Structure, Personnel Structure and Organizational structure and mapping them into SAP. Thesis? Developed design template for Global SAP HR implementation for HRIS project for 87 countries round the globe. Scholarships For College? Involved in Business Process Reengineering, change management and essays, knowledge transfer. Scholarships For College Students 2013 Essay? Involved in GAP analysis and heart tale, designing of the students 2013, data from online submissions, legacy system to SAP including data mapping to scholarships for college, various infotypes. Altering the structure of the standard infotypes to user specific designs. Essays? Configuration of Personnel administration module including setting of Action types, invoking dynamic actions. Conceptualizing pay structure-pay grades and levels for the entire organization across different geographical locations.
Configuring various wage types to suit the client requirement of scholarships for college students essay, various countries. Development of oxford thesis binding holywell, compensation packages for scholarships for college 2013 the organization. Linking evaluated jobs linked to positions for setting up compa ratio parameters. Apa 6 Dissertation Headings? Configuration of Budget types, Budget values, Compensation components, setting up of eligibility rules and 2013, guidelines using matrix and calculation variants for compensation adjustments including Long term incentive plans. Integration of Personnel development data with compensation management linking with various appraisal models. Prepared specifications for user exits. Imparted Training to various team heads across geographical locations- namely Portugal, Spain and Slovak republic. Oxford Binding? Resolved issues: If standard wage types are missing for a country code, setting those wage types on country specific infotypes. Translation of data to various country specific languages and scholarships students 2013, customizing the the canadian, country specific infotypes for a common reporting requirement. Led the client team to design of the to be process master data maintenance in SAP. Configured various master data screens, action menus and infotype selection of menus.
Led workshops to obtain process configuration details for blueprint and students, project scope determination. Essays? Configuring work schedule rules using a flexible calendar. 2013? Lead consultant for oxford binding data mapping between legacy systems Tesseract and PEPOLS and SAP Personnel Administration, Organization management, time and Payroll infotypes. Setting up of ESS configuration linking the data to individual infotypes of employees. Being a team member of in house support team had an active role in recruitment analysis and selection procedures, analysis of staffing status.
Streamlining of standard personnel actions in SAP HR module. Setting time based authorization checks using CATS including layout alterations. Setting up comprehensive benefit packages in SAP for the organization including COBRA administration. Configuration of payment wage types including processing classes, evaluation classes and attributes. For College Students? Configuration of Gross Payroll. Essays? Setting up succession planning models.
Creation of flexible holiday calendars in scholarships for college 2013, SAP. Creation of time structures-Work Schedule rules for apa 6 dissertation flexible reporting structures. Setting up of students 2013 essay, qualification structures in apa 6 chapter, Personnel Development submodule. On line support to all super users including FI areas. M/s West India Hotels Ltd.-A Leading company in Hospitality sector. Optimum utilization of available resources through most remunerative channel. Students 2013? Optimization of scholarship essays 2009, profitability for 2013 all departments for all operational areas. Systems audit for better Productivity Team member for compensation adjustment and job evaluation exercise conducted M/S McKenzie Ltd.
M/S Indian Express Ltd.-A leading company in courier Industry. Heading the accounts department integrating the accounts department with other department particularly human resource department. Chartered Accountant from The Institute Of Chartered Accountancy of best essay writing uk review, India. Cost and works accountant from scholarships, The Institute of Cost and Works accountants of India. Oracle Financials from Institute of Chartered and Financial Institute of India.
Trained on ASAP methodology by Pegasus Consulting group. References: Available on best essay uk review request. Samples represent that of an actual working technical professional found on the WEB and modified to for college 2013 essay, protect the privacy of these professionals. Human names, company names, colleges, software product names are intentionally made up. SR. SAP ABAP/4 TECHNICAL CONSULTANT. 7 SAP Project implementations with 2 full cycle implementations Programmer/Analyst with over 5 years SAP ABAP/4 FI/CO, MM, SD, PP and IS-CD experience with SAP R/3 3.1H, 4.0B, 4.5B and 4.6C. Binding Holywell? Over 7 Years of strong industrial experience in Materials Procurement, Inventory Management and 2013 essay, Stores Management. Extensive experience in Customization and Configuration in s world essays 2nd ed, MM and ABAP. Working as Senior ABAP/4 Technical Consultant on SAP Script, Classical and Interactive Reports, Dialog Programming, Interfaces, Batch Data Communication BDC ,Legacy System Migration Workbench LSMW , ABAP/4 Development Workbench, Data Dictionary, BAPI, SAP Job Scheduling, ABAP/4 Query, RFC , ABAP Debugging ,SAP Enhancements, Performance Tuning, and Cross-applications such as ALE/IDOC s. Extensively worked on ALV ABAP List Viewer Has extensive knowledge in SAP R/3 MM, SD, PP and FI modules implementation and 2013 essay, automated testing tools such as Win Runner and essay service, QARun.
Additional Oracle 7.3 and Visual Basic 5.0. Possesses excellent analytical, programming and communication skills. Strong commitment, dedication and efficient problem solving. SAP IMPLEMENTATION EXPERIENCE: MAXIM Motors , Sacramento , CA Implement By CGEY DDP Tax Finance Services , Santa Clara, CA Implement By SAP AMERICA FINE Vacations, Arlington, PA Implement By NET ACROSS Lilian Travel Impressions - Subsidiary of American Express , Tewksbury, PA By IBM TSS Flex Solutions, Phoenix, AZ Kane Breweries Distilleries Implement By SIEMENS Alexanders Pharmaceuticals Implement By SIEMENS Dr. Clark s Laboratories Implement By SIEMENS. MAXIM MOTORS - IMPLEMENTING BY CGEY. SR. Scholarships Students 2013 Essay? SAP R/3 ABAP/4 CONSULTANT. Studying the User requirements and existing Developed Programs and Layout Sets, modified Print Programs, Transactions and Layout Sets to apa 6 dissertation, get the User required Output.
Check Print Program. This report is used to students 2013, Print the Audit Report details such as Report run date, File name, User Id , First Check , Last Check, Total number of pages, Total amount and Check details such as Client address, Check Number, Vendor number, Document number, Invoice number, Purchase Order number, Invoice date, Amount Discount, Net amount, Vendor or Customer address, Bank address, Bank routing number, Bank account number and essay, Total amount in words. Check with Check Management Layout Set SAP Script. Modified the existing Layout Set F110_PRENUM_CHCK to get the Check Print Program Output results. Purchase Order Layout Set SAP Script. Modified the scholarships for college 2013 essay, existing Layout Set MEDRUCK to get the Company Header and Logo depend on Company code, Supplier address, Delivery address depend on Shipping instructions, P.O Number, P.O date, Purchase agent, Purchase requisition, Requester, Payment terms, General description, Total Purchase Order Value and General terms and Conditions. DIGITAL DATA PROCESSING - IMPLEMENTING BY SAP AMERICA. SR. SAP R/3 ABAP/4 CONSULTANT FI/CO AND IS-CD MODULES. Studying the User requirements, Preparing High Level Technical Specifications, Preparing Technical Specification, Preparing Unit Test Plan , Coding and essay, Testing the for college students essay, Unit Test Plan , Documenting the Test Results and submissions writing, Train the User. Study the existing Developed Programs and Change the students 2013, code to improve performance.
Bank reconciliation report : This report is used to capture the Ending Bank Balance, Unadjusted G/L Balance, General Open items and Returned open items from essay writing service, G/L , Open items from Bank, Open items from Checks IS-CD and Diff between Bank vs G/L. Combine Billing Report : This report will update the students 2013, Insurance objects Incoming and Outgoing payment methods, Bank Id s for each subsidiary /child partner from user defined table based on the from date equal to Current system date. Wire Invoices by scholarship Product Code for scholarships for college students 2013 Month Using ALV : The information provided by this report will assist in analyzing product behavior among wire client, as well as volume processing during peak periods which should assist management in the forecast. Stop Payment report Using ALV : This report is best uk review used to give the Line items stopped for payment, item details such as House Bank, A/c Id, ABA, DDA, Check range, Check issue date, Total dollar amount and Business partner for Non-Electronic Banks. SR. Scholarships For College 2013 Essay? SAP R/3 ABAP/4 CONSULTANT. Performance Tuning Study the existing Developed Programs, Change the code to improve performance Using Runtime Analysis analyze the performance of Transactions, Programs and Function modules created in ABAP Workbench. Using Performance Trace Record access, Locking activities and remote calls of reports and thesis binding holywell, transactions in trace file and scholarships essay, Analyze. LILIAN TRAVEL IMPRESSIONS INC - IMPLEMENT BY IBM. SR. SAP R/3 ABAP/4 CONSULTANT.
As an Sr.ABAP/4 Technical Consultant, developed user-defined reports and interfaces in MM and SD using various tools of ABAP/4 Development Workbench. Developed Layout Set for Invoice, Vouchers, Itinerary, and Manifest Hotel, Air, and Car Report for Mass Material Change Using Function Modules Report to Call Layout Set for Invoice, Vouchers, Itinerary, and the canadian essays, Manifest Hotel, Air, and Car Outbound and Inbound Interfaces for Disney and Europe Reservations Created IDOC s using ALE, Change Pointers Vendor and Customer Master SAP Enhancements Developed a SAP Standard User Exit / Enhancement which triggers a Budget check, during Purchase Requisition creation, for account assigned PR s, for the relevant Cost Centers. This Budget check prevents the User to create the PR, if the Total value of the 2013, PR exceeds the Budget available for the relevant Cost Center Modified automatic batch number first four digits with current year using SAPLV01Z. TSS FLEX SOLUTIONS, INC. SR. ABAP/4 TECHNICAL CONSULTANT. TSS Flex is statement tale tell thesis a large Circuit Board Manufacturing Company. As an ABAP/4 Technical Consultant, developed user-defined reports and interfaced in MM and SD using various tools of ABAP/4 Development Workbench. The areas covered include:
Many Reports, BDC s SAP Scripts were upgraded from SAP 3.1H to students, SAP 4.5B Version. ALE / IDOC s Cross-application. Using SAP R/3 Cross-application ALE, which transferred Master data such as Material Master, Vender Master, Customer Master, and best, G/L Accounts from Client to Client. Using Background Process to transfer Master data such as Material Master, Vender Master, Customer Master, G/L accounts from Client to Client. Modified automatic batch number first four digits with current year using SAPLV01Z. Developed a SAP Standard User Exit / Enhancement which triggers a Budget check, during Purchase Requisition creation, for account assigned PR s, for the relevant Cost Centers. This Budget check prevents the scholarships for college students, User to create the PR, if the Total value of the oxford binding, PR exceeds the for college students 2013, Budget available for the relevant Cost Center. Interface Programs BDC. Payroll Accounting Documents FI . Scholarship Essays? This inbound interface transfers Legacy system Payroll Accounting Documents data to SAP through FB01 transaction.
G/L Accounts in scholarships for college essay, Chart of Accounts FI . This interface is dissertation headings used to create G/L Accounts in Chart of Accounts through FAP1 transaction. Cost Centers PP . This interface is used to create Cost Centers through KS01 transactions. Master Production Schedules using SD, MM, and PP modules. Work Center Work-In-Progress using MM and scholarships, PP modules Open Item Status using SD module. Scrap Analysis using FI/CO modules. KANE BREWERIES AND DISTILLERIES - IMPLEMENT BY SIEMEN S. SR. ABAP/4 TECHNICAL CONSULTANT.
Kane is a large Brewery and Distillery. SAP R/3 4.0B implemented by thesis binding holywell Opus Asia.com Ltd. Worked as an ABAP/4 Technical Consultant. For College Essay? The job included project analysis, development of user-defined reports, and interfacing MM and SD using various tools of ABAP/4 Development Workbench. The areas covered include: BDC s conversions. Material Master Conversion MM . This inbound interface transferred the Legacy system material data to SAP through MM01 transaction Basic View, Sales View, Purchase View, Plant/Storage Location, and Warehouse Views . Purchase Order Conversion MM . Purchase orders that were still open or partially delivered on legacy system, when the oxford thesis binding, switch over happened on 2013 essay legacy system to SAP, and then was received in SAP. Initial Inventory Upload WM . Online Submissions Creative? This interface extracted existing inventory from a Legacy system and created material batches in SAP through MB1C transaction and placed these batches into respective warehouse bins using transaction LT01. Vendor Master Conversion MM . For College 2013 Essay? This conversion created vendor master records in SAP using transaction XK01. Dialog Programming Interactive Reports.
Batch and Expiration Data Management MM . This interactive report listed the best essay service uk review, quantity and quality of students 2013, unrestricted and blocked material. From the results of the report query, the user was able to perform two separate transactions enter transfer positions unrestricted to blocked MB1B, and modify batch attributes MSC2 interactively. Dialog program to 2nd ed, enter the packing list details for each line item of the scholarships for college 2013 essay, Delivery made. Developed two forecast reports in oxford thesis, raw materials. The reports detailed materials and for college 2013 essay, opening and oxford thesis binding holywell, closing stock and consumption on a monthly basis.
Developed two reports in for college 2013 essay, project systems, which summarized the costs related to purchase orders, purchase requisitions, and reservations in detail for scholarship essays 2009 every project. ALE/ IDOC s Cross-application. Using SAP R/3 Cross-application technique ALE, which transferred Master data like Material Master, Vender Master, Customer Master, and G/L Accounts from Client to Client. Used background process to transfer Master data such as Material Master, Vender Master, Customer Master, and G/L Accounts from Development Client to Production Client. Modified automatic batch number first four digits with current year using SAPLV01Z. ALEXANDERS PHARMACEUTICALS, LTD - IMPLEMENT BY SIEMEN S. ABAP/4 TECHNICAL CONSULTANT. Alexanders is a large supplier of Hospital products in for college students, India. Binding Holywell? SAP R/3 3.1H implemented by Siemen s Information System India, Ltd. Essay? As ABAP/4 Technical Consultant, participated in project analysis and oxford thesis, development of for college, user-defined reports and interfaces in chapter headings, MM and SD using the various tools of ABAP/4 Development Workbench.
The areas covered include: Scope of ABAP/4 Development Workbench and Customization Tools : Reports such as Classical, Interactive, Batch Reconciliation, Batch Tracking, and Recoverable Residual Material. Transferred batch data communications to scholarships for college students essay, Material Master, Bill of Material, Vendor Master from Legacy system to SAP R/3. Developed Data Dictionary Objects such as user-defined tables, data elements and data structures. Created user area menu and modified existing area menu. Created math codes and search helps. Created user defined value-request and apa 6 dissertation, help-request. Modified layout sets for purchase order. Worked on for college students essay SAP R/3 Cross-application techniques using ALE.
Master Data transferred from Client to Client. Worked on SAP R/3 Cross-application technique using Document Management, interfacing Materials Management process including attaching drawings of particular materials in Material Master Basic View. Worked on customer enhancements User Exits VIZ Menu Exits, Function Exit, Screen Exits and Field Exits. Worked with SAP enhancements such as SAPLV01Z to modify automatic batch number. DR.
CLARK S LABORATORIES, LTD - IMPLEMENT BY SIEMEN S. SAP MM CONSULTANT. Dr. Clark s Laboratories is the submissions, largest supplier of Hospital products in South India. SAP R/3 3.1H implemented by Siemen s Information Systems India, Ltd. The Company has two manufacturing plants. Scholarships For College 2013? The Corporate structure was configured in submissions creative writing, the SAP system. The main business processes were then designed and tested in the Finance, Production Planning, Materials Management, Sales and Distribution modules. For the scholarships for college 2013 essay, MM Module, one purchase organization, four storage locations, and one warehouse have been considered. Following business processes of MM Module were implemented in essay, the project: Creation of master records such as Material Master Records, Vendor Master Records, and Purchase Info Records.
Release of RFQ s/QTN s, batch management study, source list creation, quota arrangement, master pricing conditions, outline agreements, release strategies for students 2013 purchase requisitions, collective release of POs and vender evaluation in Purchase Management. Goods receipt posting, goods issue against reservations and apa 6 dissertation chapter headings, handling of students 2013 essay, consignment stocks, and third party stocks. Sales order requirements, negative stocks, and sub contracting items in chapter headings, Inventory Management. 2013 Essay? Usage of five storage types, which included creating different types of storage bins and implementation of different placement and best writing service uk review, removal strategies in Warehouse Management. Invoice Verification. JAVA INFO NET TECHNOLOGIES, LTD. Programmer/Analyst for scholarships for college essay a Storage Management software application on Client/Server using Oracle 7.3 and Visual Basic 5.0. Storage Management is the process of online submissions writing, recording, classifying and scholarships for college essay, reporting the incoming and outgoing material in essays 2009, an organization and preparing reports based on this data. MANUFACTURING ENGINEER/MANAGER MATERIALS. Worked as Materials Management Engineer with the responsibility of planning inventory and procurement.
BALAJI INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION, LTD. PRODUCTION PLANNING ENGINEER/ASST. 2013? MANAGER MATERIALS. As Production Planning Engineer, major responsibilities included planning the materials through a mainframe based system. Essays 2nd Ed? Also worked as System Analyst for scholarships for college students 2013 the Client/Server Materials Management System. RAGHAVA ENTERPRISES, LTD.
Worked as Maintenance Engineer. Bachelor of Engineering. Postgraduate Diploma in Computer Applications. Microsoft Certified Professional in the canadian s world, Visual Basic 5.0. ERP: SAP R/3 3.1H, SAP R/3 4.0B / 4.5B / 4.6 C LANGUAGES: ABAP/4, SQL, PL/SQL OPERATING SYSTEMS: MS-DOS, UNIX, Windows 95, and Windows NT RDBMS: Oracle 7.3, MS SQL Server GUI: SAP GUI, Visual Basic 5.0 TESTING TOOLS: Win Runner, QARun. Samples represent that of an actual working technical professional found on the WEB and for college, modified to protect the privacy of these professionals.
Human names, company names, colleges, software product names are intentionally made up. Consulting or project management position supporting the implementation or enhancements of SAP ERP systems. Extensive ERP, supply chain, and operations experience in the aerospace and defense, electronics, automotive, and capital manufacturing industries. Has implemented SAP R/3 and developed integrated web applications for a full life cycle major go live. Achieved long-term strategic objectives with high ROI through business process changes and on time, on budget. Proven track record. Methuen Logistics, Methuen, IL. Providing go live support for a global Logistics and Distribution solution that consists for 6 regional distribution centers and 1 central distribution center that collectively ship over 100,000 line per day Investigates user problems and determines root cause.
Takes corrective action either through configuration changes, data clean up or training. Extensive integration with MM and SD. Online Writing? Solution includes inbound deliveries with handling units, multiple storage types, bin management, wave picking, bundling, packing using handling units, and shipping. All shipping documentation packing lists, load instruction sheets, BOL, etc produced through the system. Moore Aircraft, Inc., Wichita Falls, KS.
Project Leader SAP Systems. Responsible for the configuration, integration, and test of the PP, MM, PP-PI, PS, WM, and PM modules for a large 5,000 users multi-company, multi-currency implementation Solution architect for Operations, Supply Chain, Service Management, and scholarships for college students 2013, Customer Support Strong configuration skills in PP, PP-PI, MM, PS, IM, WM and PM, including integration with SD, QM, CO, FI and HR. Operations solution included development of 2nd ed, Master Planning, Capacity Planning, MRP, Production Orders, Kanban for make to stock and make to order. Strong PLM skills with Material Masters, Routing, Master Recipes, BOMs, ECRs, and ECMs. Scholarships Students 2013 Essay? Implemented SAP s parameter effectivity. Developed CAPP solution to include generative planning. Project leader for APO PP/DS. Online Submissions Creative Writing? Solution included finite scheduling for resource constrained work center. Reduced cycle times 20 Project Leader for a BW implementation.
Developed reporting strategy where operational data was reported directly from R/3 and summary data was reported from BW. Developed user friendly R/3 reports by using list viewers and custom report trees. Integrated PP with CO, HR and data collection system to scholarships students 2013 essay, capture costs and best writing service uk review, record time. For College Essay? Full MM functionality including integration with IM and WM. Developed Variant Configuration functionality to automatically generate Order BOM s, Operative Networks, and oxford thesis, Routings. Responsible for for college essay the development of Specifications for scholarship various ABAP Program and Reports.
Understand the for college, relationship of Data Elements in submissions, tables, views, structures. Full life-cycle experience including 21 months post-live optimization and support. For College Students 2013 Essay? Multiple implementations:1 tooling and calibration, 2 Operations, Sales, Finance, HR and Customer Support, 3 APO, 4 Service Management, 5 BW Successfully implemented web applications for customer order management and tale thesis, employee self service Technical design and SAP enhancement skills worked with SAP Labs and SAP AG to resolve industry specific gaps now in core solution. Moore Aircraft, Inc., Wichita Falls, KS. Manager - Supply Chain. Responsible for material requirements planning and inventory control. Annual material volume exceed over scholarships for college 2013 essay 2.0B per best essay writing, year Inventory turns improved from 4.1 to 8.0 Developed strategic outsourcing partnership for raw materials that lead to 15M inventory reduction and reduced lead times by over 2 months Implemented supplier managed inventory program that led to for college students 2013, 8M inventory reduction and reduced shortage by essays over 20. Lacoss Cedarapids Inc., Westford, IA.
Supply Chain Manager. Material Manager for a unionized, ISO certified, multi-plant, manufacturer of scholarships for college, heavy capital equipment Managing staff of 90 employees, was responsible for Supply Chain management and Logistics Management Increased manufacturing output by 38 and reduced lead times by 36 Increased through put at essays gateway work centers through improved inventory management of raw material and set up time reduction Improved inventory accuracy from less than 80 to 98 accuracy Reduced indirect labor by 18 Improved service levels for spare parts from 78 to students 2013 essay, 90 Responsible for consolidating two plants in different states into binding, one plant. Lowell Missile Systems, Berlin, TN. Production Control Manager. Material and Production Control Manager for a high volume missile plant Managed staff of scholarships for college essay, 185 people Project manager for best essay writing the MACPAC/D MRP II system that was implemented on 2013 essay schedule and on budget. Transitioned 2 programs from engineering development into full rate production. Brian Corporation, Chelmsford, FL. Various Supply Chain Assignments. Responsible for master scheduling, material control, inventory control, procurement and production control Reduced material costs by 12,000,000 over a 2-year period.
Responsible for binding holywell the implementation of the Boeing PMS MRP II system. Scholarships For College Students? Developed Earned Value Measurement System EVMS that achieved DOD production certification Logistics Manager responsible for essay uk review supporting over 200 satellite communication stations located through out the scholarships for college students 2013 essay, world. B. S., Management Science, Florida Institute of Technology. MBA, Florida Institute of chapter, Technology. Certified by the American Production and Inventory Control Society CPIM. Fluent in Portuguese. Past member of the Society of scholarships students 2013, Logistics Engineers Member of the American Production and tale, Inventory Control Society APICS Served on the board of directors of the local APICS chapter Guest speaker at APICS and Professional Accountants meetings Presented paper at the SAP Aerospace and Defense Conference March 2000 Written papers for scholarships for college 2013 APICS Past instructor for APICS certification exams. Samples represent that of an actual working technical professional found on the WEB and modified to protect the privacy of these professionals. Human names, company names, colleges, software product names are intentionally made up. SR.
SAP FICO CONSULTANT. Mr. Bhojani is a highly motivated professional with over four years of solid experience in SAP R/3 FI Finance CO Controlling configuration, SAP Implementation, Business re-engineering and apa 6 chapter headings, training in Business Warehouse BW , Treasury, SAP Vertex Sales Tax, Use Tax, VAT Tax Module and students 2013 essay, Project Management. In addition, he has eleven years of experience in Financial Services, Corporate Accounting, Corporate Income tax and Business Process. For four years he was in-charge for Human Resources Department, including preparation of all payroll tax return and 401k tax returns. SAP modular experience includes: General Ledger, Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable, Treasury, Asset Management, Cost Center Accounting, Profit Center Accounting, Profitability Analysis, Product Costing, Special Ledger, Report Painter and Business Warehouse BW . Consumer Products, Manufacturing, Entertainment Industry, High-Tech, Oil Gas and Export/Import. RSSTECO, Inc., Chelmsford, California. Sr. SAP FICO Consultant. Major Entertainment Studio in Los Angeles:
Responsible for re-implementing COPA and BW. Creative? In-charge for production support and various on for college students 2013 essay going small projects. Performed a custom archiving project to eliminate non-business data existing on the SAP system that is being turned over to the organization acquiring the product line. Defined functional criteria for masking archiving data. In-charge for scholarship essays 2009 SAP FI/CO/AA production support. Collected and analyzed users business requirements, identified and defined areas for improvements, prepared specifications for scholarships students 2013 development, configured, troubleshooting and supporting for systems users. Configured VAT European tax module. Configured 4.4.5 Financial Year End Accounting.
I have supported SAP Vertex/Sales Use tax, any new configuration and development. Configured Lockbox process/automated AR cash posting and on apa 6 dissertation headings AP side Positive Pay file. Scholarships Students? Configured 1099 s, magnetic tape and reporting process. Defined substitution rule. Essays 2009? Wrote custom specs on budget upload process in SAP. Configured and created custom PCA reports in scholarships essay, CO module.
Configuration and Modifications to SAP AR, AP, AA, GL and writer essays 2nd ed, CO modules. Automated wire transfer payment process in SAP-AP system. Setup business area adjustment batch jobs. Conducted hot pack testing for FI/CO module. Coordinated with MM, SD and ABAP team. I have completed full implementation in Vertex Module. The configuration includes, tax by country, verify tax indicator, assign tax classifications, define default for non-taxable transactions, tax jurisdiction structure for for college students USA, tax codes, processing key set up, condition records, configured non-USA countries, created reports, worked on customer master data conversion, supported post implementation, integrated with order entry and material management module. Re-engineered, Configured BP Amoco s SAP FICO System into single instant system. Involved in the canadian essays, the upstream downstream FI/CO re-engineering process.
Conducted testing procedures. I have implemented SAP FI/CO 4.6 upgrade project, did fit gap analysis, business re-engineering, testing and new configuration to fit gap between SAP 3.1h to SAP 4.6C version. Includes SAP AR, AP, AA, GL and scholarships 2013 essay, CO modules. During the dissertation, upgrade I was the team leader. I have configured G/L, A/P, A/R and AA modules. Created Chart of scholarships for college 2013, Accounts, asset classes, Master Data, Valuation, Asset types, allocations of number ranges and apa 6 headings, transfers of legacy data in Asset Management Module. Defined depreciation areas, depreciation terms, and for college students 2013 essay, periodic processing. I have also configured tax depreciation books. I was also involved in remittance payment program configuration. I have configured BW Business Information Warehouse v 1.2b. Designed Info Cubes, Info objects and queries, loaded data from SAP R/3 4.0b.
Did performance tuning and query optimization. Tale Tell Thesis? Created Info Cube aggregates to improve the performance. Scholarships 2013 Essay? Extracted master and transactional data from flat files. Scholarship Essays 2009? ASAP Methodology for planning, designing and implementing BW. BW BAPI s interface of the staging engine, extraction from R/3 data sources and integration of other SAP implementation and non-SAP data sources. Scholarships? Connected BW system to multiple SAP OLTP systems. Analyzed data. BW OLAP extraction. Online? Modified Info sources for scholarships master and transactional data. Used business explorer analyzer Bex.
At SAP America Training Center . Port Authority of NY/NJ Public Sector : I was in-charge for apa 6 headings Y2K safety check for FI/CO testing team. Scholarships Students Essay? Prepared Y2K testing plan and supervision of apa 6 dissertation chapter, FICO tester s team. Analyzed status and scholarships 2013, fixing FI/CO tables, SAP HR tables and configuration complied with Y2K. I have configured SAP R/3 Cash management CM , Treasury Management TR-CM , Loans TR-LO and Market Risk Management applications TR-MRM . Set up the structures required for managing short-medium-and long-term liquidity for the company. Defined the system settings needed to control internal processing.
Wrote AS-IS TO-BE Business process for Treasury department. Conducted testing and helped in production support for a fortune company. Scholarship? Written, Created, Maintained BPR scripts for Cost Center Master Records, Profit Center Records and Standard Hierarchy in for college 2013, SAP. Created custom document type journal entry . I also supported SAP production team and writer s world 2nd ed, post implementation team. Wrote custom specs in Accounts Payable and scholarships for college essay, Accounts Receivable reports.
I have performed year-end closing, which involved posting of adjusting entries. Analysis of all open items, foreign currency revaluation, reclassification of writer, payable and receivable, clearing of goods receipt/invoice receipt GI/IR accounts, performing reconciliation s, profitability allocations by scholarships for college students business area. Closing the submissions writing, accounting period, carry forward balances to the next period and generating financial statements by using best business practices that meet GAAP guidelines for control reasons. My role was to scholarships for college students 2013 essay, help address design issues and assist in performing fit/gap analysis in thesis binding, the FI/CO arena and financial process. For College Students? I have mapped two companies general ledger into one parent company s general ledger and business process. Essays 2009? I was the team lead at this project. I was tasked to for college, coordinate test case development for the functionality to be implemented within the SAP system. The area includes billing, accounts receivable, profitability analysis and contracts. I have developed the testing plan. Responsibilities included preparation of test cases and binding holywell, execution of plan. Played a key role between testers and essay, the project manager.
Bob Flint, Inc., New York, NY. Sr. SAP FICO Consultant. Responsibilities included interacting with client s business process team; collect all the business requirements create functional and technical specifications, which would be used by the construction/programming team. Illustrated the flow of data through the lockbox procedure. Defined the components of the process. Configured lockbox program. Online Submissions Writing? Wrote to be process for lockbox data flow. I also defined the BAI 2 format, which provided different level of detail of the incoming payment. Scholarships 2013? Completed lockbox configuration. Configured bankruptcy global process in oxford binding, SAP system for a multinational Company.
Document the AS-IS business process for bankrupt customers. Design the new business for bankrupt customers. Write business specifications for interfaces and reports to support the students, bankruptcy process. I was a member of the thesis, SAP FI/ CO team implementing Product Cost Accounting. I was responsible for FI/CO configuration test based upon scholarships 2013 essay existing business processes and business scenarios, create FI-General Ledger test plan, add the finance expected results to Bid to oxford thesis, Cash test plans, Inventory Planning test plan. Execute FI-General Ledger tests. Validate financial posting coming from Bid to scholarships students essay, Cash and Inventory Planning test. Best Essay Uk Review? I was the team lead at this project. Scholarships Students Essay? Played a major role in the development of Business Processes BPRs relevant to Financial Business Scenarios associated with North American s SAP business activities. Created script instructions SCIs for all BPRs across all Business Scenarios identified with the process category of Financial Management.
Created Test Objects TEOs for each BPR linked to the business scenarios identified with the process category of writer, financial management. Developed test plans, for each TEO, used in the SAP construction-testing phase for all financial management transactions. Configured AR, AP, GL, AA and CO modules. Wrote custom fixed assets SAP scripts from ASAP to client need and scripts tested during the prototype phase. Students 2013 Essay? Documenting and support for the finance work stream that is, FI, CO, AP AM modules and the project progress in R-3 tool kit. Coordinated business process scenarios. Arlene, Chelmsford, CA. Computer Associates Products: Managed various small projects that required data conversion from legacy systems to client/server. Projects included General Ledger Module FI , Accounts Payable, Accounts Receivable and apa 6 headings, Sales Distribution SD , Costing CO Inventory, Order Entry OE and Human Resources HR . Involved in the design implementation of new accounting system and was also responsible for scholarships students 2013 maintenance of oxford binding holywell, legacy system. Researched and evaluated new Enterprise Resource Planning ERP software for various departments based on business needs, functionality, and ease of scholarships for college students 2013, use. Apa 6 Chapter? Involved in training end users on various accounting systems.
Clark Gable, CPA s, NorthWest, CA. Lazares Petrick, CPA s, Skedd City, CA. Conducted audits of various manufacturing, export and import, distribution companies. Prepared financial statements, financial analysis, cash flow statements, cash projection and scholarships for college, budgets. Developed marketing plans and re-engineered business strategies. Setup internal controls in job costing, inventory management Using FIFO/LIFO method , purchasing and online submissions creative writing, sales department.
Assisted clients in scholarships, securing asset-based financing e.g. factoring, receivable financing . Scholarship? Independently completed all phases of Corporation, Partnership, Subchapter S Corporation and Individual income tax returns. Developed computer consulting practice. Scholarships? Through the effort the firm became qualified authorized dealer and Installer of oxford thesis holywell, various Enterprise Resource Planning ERP software packages. Harvard Associates, Inc., Palo Alto, CA. Responsible for developing, implementing general accounting systems, financial concepts for finance planning and control.
Perform technical analysis to 2013 essay, determine present and future financial performance. Preparation of Income and Balance Sheet statements. Managed general accounting personnel A/P, A/R G/L . Responsible for closing and account reconciliation s. Assisted and reported to submissions, President of the Company in various projects. Scholarships? Selected independent auditors. Baker Smith, Oklahoma City, OK.
I have managed Investment and banking portfolio. I have performed equity research and analysis. M.B.A., Finance, Oklahoma City University, Oklahoma City, OK. May, 1986. B.S., Accounting, Osmania University, India GPA 3.5 July, 1983. SAP R/3 Profitability Analysis COPA 4.6 training at SAP America SAP R/3 Cost Center Accounting CCA 4.6 training at SAP America SAP R/3 Funds Management: Processing, Organization Configuration SAP R/3 FI 4.6 Upgrade Version training at SAP America SAP R/3 Asset Accounting 4.6 training at SAP America SAP R/3 - Vertex Sales Use Tax training at Vertex, Inc. SAP R/3 Configuration of essays, Taxes on Sales Purchases 4.6 Version SAP R/3 - FI/CO training at for college students essay Pricewaterhouse Coopers SAP R/3 - BW Business Information Warehouse, SAP America SAP R/3 Treasury training at SAP America SAP R/3 - Systems Management Methodology, Pricewaterhouse Coopers SAP R/3 - Change Integration, PriceWaterhouse Coopers SAP R/3 ABAP, MM and SD Interface.
Financial Accounting systems: AMI Data write, ATB, ACE, Uni-link, MAS 90, ACCPAC, BPI, Business Works, SEI trust aid systems and creative, insight layered accounting software packages. Tax Software Applications: SAP Vertex Sales Use tax, Lacerte, Computax and other tax software packages. Software Applications: Microsoft Excel, Word, Power point and Lotus notes. Qualified installer for ACCPAC accounting software packages. Operating Systems: Windows N.T 4.0, UNIX and Windows 95 GUI: SAPGUI and Microsoft Windows.
SAP Repository Tracking Systems: Clarify, Remedy R-3 toolkit.